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EN
Purpose: The purpose of the study is to analyze and evaluate the remote work of public sector employees during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, taking into account the evaluation of the efficiency of the tasks performed, taking into account the type of position held, the experience of the employees, technical and organizational aspects, the inconvenience of the work and the level of digital competence. Design/methodology/approach: Providing remote work is becoming increasingly common, especially in the context of the Sars-CoV2 pandemic. Both employees and employers recognize the benefits of a flexible work model, as well as several limitations and challenges. The findings of past research on remote work and the study's results indicate the relevance of this research area. This is particularly important concerning the public sector, which is not the subject of as much interest as the private sector. The problem of remote work is a complex and multidimensional phenomenon, hence the need for research using various research methods and techniques. Therefore, our research is based on a mixed approach. They took advantage of the literature analysis and legal regulations on remote work in the public sector and applied a diagnostic survey using a survey questionnaire. In turn, statistical methods such as the chi-square test, p-value, and Pearson's coefficient were used for analysis. Findings: The results of our study showed that the evaluation of the effectiveness of remote work by public sector employees varies. In addition, of the seven hypotheses posed, three were positively verified: (1) the effectiveness of remote work depends on organizational conditions; (2) the effectiveness of remote work depends on the support of supervisors; (3) The effectiveness of remote work is related to perceptions of changes in the quality of services during the e pandemic. The results also suggest the need to develop management training programs that consider the role of support and communication with employees in the context of remote work. Research limitations/implications: The study provided valuable information on evaluating remote work in the public sector during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the study has some limitations. On the one hand, confirmation of three of the seven hypotheses indicates the existence of relationships between the variables studied, but at the same time, highlights the need for further research. The analysis focuses on the public sector, which may not be entirely representative of other sectors, and the focus on employee perceptions may affect the subjectivity of the results obtained. Practical implications: The study's results highlight several critical recommendations for organizations in the public sector. First, there is a need to develop training programs that focus on support and communication in the context of remote work to ensure higher efficiency. Second, there is a need to implement a communication strategy to ensure that information flows effectively when working remotely. In addition, organizations should regularly monitor and analyze employee satisfaction and performance to identify areas for improvement. Finally, analyzing the impact of remote work on the quality of services provided is essential to identify and provide the necessary resources or support in relevant areas. Originality/value: The article addresses the timely and relevant topic of the impact of pandemic on remote work, which represents a research gap. From the literature, the issue has been analyzed in the context of the commercial sector, while limited research exists for the government sector. Our research fills a gap in the literature on remote work in the public sector in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, providing valuable information on the effectiveness and factors affecting the quality of remote work in this sector.
PL
Technologie informacyjno-komunikacyjne (ang. Information and Communication Technologies - ICT) napędzają rozwój gospodarki, co istotne z uwagi na Industry 5.0, zachęcającej do transformacji technologicznej. W sektorze AEC ICT ma główne zastosowanie w BIM i Digital Twin. Analiza naukometryczna wykazała niską wartość procentową polskich publikacji na temat ICT w AEC, co może wynikać ze słabej znajomości pojęcia w branży budowlanej. Więcej artykułów dotyczy BIM w AEC. Wyniki badań wśród polskich przedsiębiorstw wskazują na bardzo niski poziom intensywności cyfrowej w budownictwie, ale jednocześnie najwyższy, wraz z Holandią, wśród krajów Unii Europejskiej w stosowaniu rzeczywistości rozszerzonej i wirtualnej AR/VR. Polskie prawo dopuszcza wymaganie BIM w zamówieniach publicznych, ale nie w sposób obligatoryjny. Trwają prace nad strategią wdrażania BIM. Wśród praktyków zauważono zwiększającą się świadomość BIM. W 2019 roku 20% ankietowanych korzystało z BIM, w 2021 roku 48% wdrożyło BIM lub planuje w ciągu najbliższych 3 lat. W infografice zestawiono syntetycznie dane obrazujące implementację ICT/BIM w polskim przemyśle budowlanym.
EN
Information and Communication Technologies ICT drive the development of the economy, which is important due to Industry 5.0 about encourages technological transformation. In the AEC sector, ICT has main applications in BIM and Digital Twin. Scientometric analysis showed a low percentage of Polish publications on ICT in the AEC, which may be due to the definition being poorly known in the construction industry. More articles cover BIM in AEC. Research results among Polish enterprises indicate a very low level of digital intensity in construction, but at the same time the highest, along with the Netherlands, among European Union countries in the use of augmented and virtual reality ARlVR. Polish law allows BIM to be required in public procurement, but not mandatory. Work on the BIM implementation strategy is ongoing. Increasing awareness of BIM has been noticed among practitioners. In 2019, 20% of respondents used BIM, in 2021 48% implemented BIM or plan to in the next 3 years. The infographic summarizes data illustrating the implementation of ICT/BIM in the Polish construction industry.
EN
The aim of the paper is to show how graduated engineering students in classical ICT view practically the advent of the QIT. The students do their theses in El.Eng. and ICT and were asked how to implement now or in the future the QIT in their current or future work. Most of them have strictly defined research topics and in some cases the realization stage is advanced. Thus, most of the potential QIT application areas are defined and quite narrow. In such a case, the issue to be considered is the incorporation of QIT components and interfaces into the existing ICT infrastructure, software and hardware alike, and propose a solution as a reasonable functional hybrid system. The QIT components or circuits are not standalone in most cases, they should be somehow incorporated into existing environment, with a measurable added value. Not an easy task indeed. We have to excuse the students if the proposed solutions are not ripe enough. The exercise was proposed as an on-purpose publication workshop, related strictly to the fast and fascinating development of the QIT. The paper is a continuation of publishing exercises with previous groups of students participating in QIT lectures.
EN
The article is a result of a complementary advanced publication workshop accompanying the curriculum course exercises for PhD students, on the role of ICT in the research work of a scientist. To fulfill the extended course requirements the participants decided to write relevant paper, if possible, related to their individual research endeavors and their relations to the digital world. The paper consists of a collection of short chapters written by young researchers. They express their own views, based on early research experience, relevant generally to the inclusion of critical digital age components in their theses. The chapters are only moderately consulted by the tutor in the direction of finding a common denominator related to social sciences.
5
EN
Purpose: The publication presents the results of an analysis of the popularity of technologies used in logistics based on published technical literature. The aim of the work was to determine the participation of individual types of technologies in the development of Logistics 4.0. In the Industry 4.0 policy implemented in highly developed countries, logistics development is referred to as “Logistics 4.0”. Methodology: The work is based on the analysis of empirical data describing the topics of the application of the latest information technology and other technologies related to the fourth industrial revolution. The scope of the analysis covers technologies developed between 2014-2022. Findings: Based on the investigation, the major technological subfields of Big Data, Cloud computing and networking, Business Intelligence and other, Internet of Things, and Hardware have been proposed as the core utility categories of technologies in Logistics 4.0. Originality/value: The analysis can be useful for practical aims, e.g., while planning logistics 4.0 trainings, enterprising technical investments, but also for scientific and educational objectives.
EN
A period of pandemics and distance learning has forced teachers to plunge headlong into the technological challenges of education. Today, it is possible to look back on this time as an educational milestone that, although forced, contributed to a much-needed leap into the digital age in higher education. Information and communication technologies (ICT) have contributed to a significant paradigm shift in learning and the roles of teachers and students in education today. ICT tools in the educational process have become indispensable, whether for on-site teaching, an exclusively online system, or a hybrid scheme. Therefore, this study aims to establish how modern technology has enabled a unity of resources in the education process and to identify how the pandemic conditions have affected the logistics process for didactics, particularly related to providing a unity of the right resources in the correct place. Moreover, the authors indicate the benefits of the described changes in the didactic process for teachers and students in the post-pandemic period.
7
Content available Students’ View of Quantum Information Technologies
EN
The article is a sort of advanced publication workshop prepared by a group of M.Sc. students in ICT participating in the course on QIT. The idea behind the publishing exercise is to try to link, if possible, individual own work just under realization for the thesis with new unique possibilities offered by the QIT. Each chapter is written by a single author defining concisely her/his research interest in the classical ICT field and trying to find possible correlations with respective abruptly developing branches of the QIT. The chapter texts are somehow moderated by the tutor but are exclusively authored by young researchers. The aim was to present their views on the possible development directions of particular subfields of QIT, if not fully mature, but still based on their own ideas, research and dreams.
EN
This article discusses four fields of study with the potential to revolutionize our understanding and interaction with biological systems: quantum biophotonics, molecular and supramolecular bioelectronics, quantum-based approaches in gaming, and nano-biophotonics. Quantum biophotonics uses photonics, biochemistry, biophysics, and quantum information technologies to study biological systems at the sub-nanoscale level. Molecular and supramolecular bioelectronics aim to develop biosensors for medical diagnosis, environmental monitoring, and food safety by designing materials and devices that interface with biological systems at the molecular level. Quantum-based approaches in gaming improve modeling of complex systems, while nanomedicine enhances disease diagnosis, treatment, and prevention using nanoscale devices and sensors developed with quantum biophotonics. Lastly, nano-biophotonics studies cellular structures and functions with unprecedented resolution.
9
Content available BIM Policy in Eastern Europe
EN
The European Union in the Industry 5.0 proposal encourages technological transformation. ICT Information and Communications Technology, which for the AEC industry are BIM and Digital Twin is appreciated, but also innovative and variable over time. Therefore publications like this, which verify the validity of information are important. Global BIM policy analysis can be valuable for stakeholders of the investment process, policymakers, researchers. The authors performed a scientific analysis on an extensive database of articles (over 20,000) as well as national regulations (in non-English languages). BIM mandatory in public investments depicted on the map, also charts showing other indicators. In Eastern Europe has been observed a small scale (22%) of planned BIM requirements. Czech Republic plans BIM mandate on public investments for project above the EU threshold. The Polish road map proposes MacroBIM for risky or complicated, public investments with budget exceeding EUR 10 million since 2025 and for all since 2025. Comparing with other indicators the Czech Republic and Poland have high GDP per capita and percentage of the industrial sector (including construction) in GDP value added. Poland is classified also as a developed market within the global equity indices. This may have an impact on digital transformation, which is a demanding project due to investment costs. Bulgaria did not include a BIM mandate in its digital transformations plan. Due to the Industry 5,0 and the positive results from case studies of countries that have already applied BIM mandatory introducing BIM requirements in public procurements should be motivated and supported.
EN
The article analyses the features of the educational process during quarantine and describes an experiment to analyse the state of awareness of students in Berdyansk, Zaporizhzhia region using online information resources about Covid-19. Theoretical bases of education of students in the conditions of distance learning are covered. The methodological basis of the study is based on the general provisions of the theory of knowledge, the main provisions of the systems approach, the concept of informatization of education. The analysis of modern technologies of website development is given, ergonomic requirements to educational Web-sites are described and the development and design of a website for informing students about COVID_19 is theoretically substantiated. Based on the conducted experiment to analyse the state of awareness of students in Berdyansk with online information resources about Covid-19, the need to create additional tools to inform students about the pandemic was identified. One of the current trends in Internet programming is the creation of web applications with RIA. Describes the benefits of the Jquery library - high quality support for applications that use AJAX technology, which allows you to access the web server from a browser without prompting to reload the page. A criterion comparison of technologies for developing and implementing dynamic websites is provided. Based on the results of the analysis of the operational characteristics of the development technology, it can be concluded that there are advantages in PHP technology. Visual and textual tools for page layout are described. It has been proven that because AceHTML has the basic functionality of HomeSite and HotDog, it makes it the best text editor among competitors. Describes the most popular content management systems, which allow you to make the site as simple as possible, reducing it to the development of web design and configuration of web content management system. The analysis of modern systems of site development is carried out. According to the results of the overall CMS rating (2021), we chose GoogleSites to create the site, because of its ease of use, flexibility, supported extensions to develop a site to inform students about Covid-19. Ergonomic and system requirements for our site were formulated and the step-by-step technology of developing an educational Web-site to inform students about COVID-19 was described. It contains theoretical information, individual tasks and a large number of additional resources for self-education. systems. This study is a continuation of the materials published in our article 2022 “Organization of educational work of educational institutions during quarantine by ICT”, which describes the need to improve methods of education by remote technologies for the formation of information adaptation technologies and the need for modern means of educating students pandemics by ICT.
PL
Artykuł analizuje cechy procesu edukacyjnego podczas kwarantanny i opisuje eksperyment, oceniający stan świadomości uczniów w Berdiańsku w obwodzie Zaporoskim, z wykorzystaniem internetowych zasobów informacyjnych o Covid-19. Omówiono teoretyczne podstawy kształcenia uczniów w warunkach kształcenia na odległość. Podstawę metodologiczną opracowania stanowią ogólne zapisy teorii poznania, główne zapisy podejścia systemowego i koncepcja informatyzacji edukacji. Przedstawiono analizę nowoczesnych technologii tworzenia stron internetowych, opisano ergonomiczne wymagania, stawiane witrynom edukacyjnym oraz teoretycznie uzasadniono zaprojektowanie i stworzenie strony internetowej, informującej studentów o COVID-19. Na podstawie przeprowadzonego eksperymentu, mającego na celu analizę stanu świadomości uczniów w Berdiańsku, dysponujących internetowymi zasobami informacyjnymi na temat Covid-19, zidentyfikowano potrzebę stworzenia dodatkowych narzędzi do informowania uczniów o pandemii. Jednym z aktualnych trendów w programowaniu internetowym jest tworzenie aplikacji internetowych za pomocą RIA. Opisuje zalety biblioteki Jquery – wysokiej jakości obsługę aplikacji, korzystających z technologii AJAX, która pozwala na dostęp do serwera WWW z przeglądarki, bez monitowania o przeładowanie strony. Przedstawiono porównanie kryteriów technologii tworzenia i wdrażania dynamicznych stron internetowych. Na podstawie wyników analizy charakterystyk operacyjnych technologii deweloperskiej można stwierdzić, że istnieją zalety technologii PHP. Opisano wizualne i tekstowe narzędzia do układu strony. Udowodniono, że ponieważ AceHTML posiada podstawową funkcjonalność HomeSite i HotDoga, co czyni go najlepszym edytorem tekstu wśród konkurencji. Opisuje najpopularniejsze systemy zarządzania treścią, które pozwalają maksymalnie uprościć witrynę, sprowadzając ją do opracowania projektu strony internetowej i konfiguracji systemu zarządzania treścią stron internetowych. Przeprowadzana jest analiza nowoczesnych systemów zagospodarowania terenu. Zgodnie z wynikami ogólnej oceny CMS (2021), do utworzenia witryny wybraliśmy GoogleSites, ze względu na łatwość obsługi, elastyczność i możliwość rozszerzenia, aby opracować witrynę informującą studentów o Covid-19. Sformułowano wymagania ergonomiczne i systemowe dla naszej strony oraz opisano technologię krok po kroku tworzenia edukacyjnej strony internetowej, informującej uczniów o COVID-19. Zawiera ona informacje teoretyczne, indywidualne zadania i dużą liczbę dodatkowych zasobów do samodzielnego systemu edukacji. Niniejsze opracowanie jest kontynuacją materiałów opublikowanych w naszym artykule 2022 „Organizacja pracy edukacyjnej instytucji edukacyjnych podczas kwarantanny przez ICT”, który opisuje potrzebę doskonalenia metod kształcenia za pomocą technologii zdalnych, tworzenia technologii adaptacji informacji oraz potrzebę nowoczesnych sposobów nauczania, za pomocą technologii informacyjno-komunikacyjnych podczas pandemii.
EN
To optimize the everyday functioning of a city, urban authorities can implement smart city tools and solutions. Mobility is a typical field associated with the concept of a smart city. It is interesting to take a closer look at the solutions applied through the information accessible on the official websites, while exploring, at the same time, the possibilities offered by new research tools. The main objective of this work is to establish the significance of the information and communication technologies (ICT) in the process of creating smart mobility in a smart city, based on the texts posted on official websites. Using the natural language processing (NLP) methods and tools offered by the CLARIN.EU infrastructure, we verified dominant connotations with the mobility in the cities recognized as smart. The cities sample is the extract from the existing smart city rankings. To fulfil our goal, we searched for an answer to the question: What information about ICT solutions is posted on the websites of the studied cities and in what thematic contexts are they used? We looked for the results of the smart city rankings, referring to the official websites of the selected cities (a random selection from a total of 174 cities). The results show that mobility forms a distinct topic in smart cities communication, covering various kinds of transport solutions and systems, with a strong focus on the project side of this activity. The results are the part of the research “The smart city 4.0 maturity model,” conducted at the Department of Marketing and Logistics UO.
12
Content available Cybersecurity : choosen aspects
EN
In the era of contemporary cyber threats, there is an urgent need to provide cybersecurity in almost every public institution as well as in business. Particular emphasis should be put on institutions which are responsible for ensuring national security. A specific case is a military organization where cybersecurity should be provided during peace, crisis and war. In this article the author presented selected problems related to providing cyber security in a military organization and proposed appropriate solutions to the indicated aspects.
13
Content available Influence of IQT on research in ICT
EN
This paper is written by a group of Ph.D. students pursuing their work in different areas of ICT, outside the direct area of Information Quantum Technologies IQT. An ambitious task was undertaken to research, by each co-author, a potential practical influence of the current IQT development on their current work. The research of co-authors span the following areas of ICT: CMOS for IQT, QEC, quantum time series forecasting, IQT in biomedicine. The intention of the authors is to show how quickly the quantum techniques can penetrate in the nearest future other, i.e. their own, areas of ICT.
EN
The concept of a smart city is still being developed despite the lack of a single universally accepted definition. It is implemented through different approaches in different cities around the world. The presented study concerns the improvement of this idea and the possibility of applying the solutions from Barcelona to the city of Kraków. This paper is based on the author’s experience and observations during a trip to Catalonia and its capital – Barcelona – as well as a study of literature on the smart city. The author takes into account the specific topographical and environmental conditions of each city and the human-environment interactions that have shaped both cities over the centuries. The paper continues to focus on the challenges to smart cities following the COVID-19 pandemic. The pandemic has demonstrated the need to modify ICT (Information and Telecommunications Technologies) applications related to the functioning of the city. Preliminary conclusions drawn from the pandemic also indicate that further development of smart cities should be based not only on ICT applications in public services and public spaces, but also on guaranteeing individual spaces for citizens to live in long-term isolation. In addition, attention was drawn to the need to improve both direct and electronic communication, especially by telephone with the authorities of Kraków, to enable “co-governance” in areas where the voice of the city’s residents can be very valuable.
PL
Koncepcja „Smart City” jest wciąż rozwijana pomimo braku jednej powszechnie akceptowanej definicji. W różnych miastach na świecie stosowane są rozmaite podejścia do jej realizacji. Przedstawione opracowanie dotyczy doskonalenia tej idei oraz możliwości zastosowania osiągnięć Barcelony dla miasta Krakowa. Niniejszy artykuł powstał w oparciu o doświadczenia i obserwacje autora w trakcie podróży po Katalonii i jej stolicy - Barcelony jak i studium literatury w zakresie tematu dot. smart-city. Autor bierze pod uwagę specyficzne warunki topograficzne i środowiskowe każdego miasta oraz interakcje człowiek – środowisko, które ukształtowały oba miasta w ciągu wieków. W dalszym ciągu artykułu skoncentrowano się na wyzwaniach dla inteligentnych miast związanych z pandemią COVID 19. Pandemia ujawniła potrzebę modyfikacji aplikacji ICT (Technologie Informacyjno-Telekomunikacyjne) w funkcjonowaniu miasta. Wstępne wnioski z pandemii wskazują również, że dalszy rozwój inteligentnych miast powinien opierać się nie tylko na zastosowaniach ICT w usługach publicznych i przestrzeni publicznej, ale także na zapewnieniu indywidualnej przestrzeni umożliwiającej obywatelom życie w czasie długotrwałej izolacji. Ponadto zwrócono uwagę na konieczność poprawy komunikacji zarówno bezpośredniej jak i elektronicznej, szczególnie telefonicznej z władzami Krakowa, aby umożliwić „współrządzenie” w obszarach, gdzie ten głos mieszkańców miasta może być bardzo cenny. Stąd bardzo przydatna byłaby centralna platforma komunikacyjna, która automatycznie kierowałaby określoną propozycję lub uwagę ze strony mieszkańców - już do konkretnej jednostki w urzędzie miejskim lub odpowiedniej jednostce decyzyjnej.
PL
Sympozjum WILGA na temat zaawansowanych systemów elektronicznych i fotonicznych jest organizowane od roku 1995 do chwili obecnej, szczęśliwie bez przerwy covidowej, dwukrotnie w ciągu roku w edycjach zimowej i letniej. Numerowane od edycji zimowej w roku 1998, Sympozjum WILGA osiągnęło podczas edycji letniej 2022 roku jubileuszowy numer 50. Historię Sympozjum można prześledzić na portalu [wilga.ise.pw.edu.pl]. Podczas tych 25 lat numerowanych edycji w Sympozjum wzięło udział kilka tysięcy studentów i doktorantów z kraju i zagranicy. Główna część materiałów Sympozjum opublikowana w kilkudziesięciu tomach Proceedings SPIE zawiera ponad 2000 pełno tekstowych artykułów dostępnych w głównych, globalnych bazach bibliometrycznych. W powstaniu i sukcesie Sympozjum WILGA, szczególnie w pierwszym okresie działalności, zasadniczą rolę odegrało życzliwe wsparcie Polskiej Sekcji IEEE. Na przełomie lat dziewięćdziesiątych i dwutysięcznych Sympozjum WILGA było współorganizowane przez Student Branch IEEE przy Politechnice Warszawskiej. Następnie do organizacji Sympozjum WILGA dołączył Student Branch SPIE i Polska Sekcja SPIE (potem Polskie Stowarzyszenie Fotoniczne). Inicjatorem Sympozjum WILGA był Zespół Naukowy PERG-ELHEP z Instytutu Systemów Elektronicznych Politechniki Warszawskiej. Wydaje się, że dwa czynniki zadecydowały o sukcesie Sympozjum WILGA: niesamowita popularność wśród młodzieży naukowej oraz współpraca międzynarodowa. W niniejszym artykule autor zwraca uwagę na fundamentalną rolę organizacji IEEE w losach Sympozjum WILGA - które dotrwało do 50 edycji, w związku z pięknym jubileuszem 50-lecia znakomitej aktywnej działalności Polskiej Sekcji IEEE.
EN
The WILGA symposium on advanced electronic and photonic systems has been organized since 1995 until now, luckily without a covid break, twice a year in winter and summer editions. Numbered since the winter edition in 1998, the WILGA Symposium reached the jubilee number 50 during the summer edition of 2022. The history of the Symposium can be traced on the website [wilga.ise.pw.edu.pl]. During these 25 years of numbered editions, the Symposium was attended by several thousand Eng. and M.Sc. students and doctoral students from Poland and abroad. The main body of the Symposium materials, published in dozens of volumes of SPIE Proceedings, contains over 2,000 full-text articles available in major global bibliometric databases. In the creation and success of the WILGA Symposium, especially in the first period of its activity, a fundamental role was played by the kind support of the Polish Section of IEEE. At the turn of the 1990s and 2000s, the WILGA Symposium was co-organized by the Student Branch IEEE at the Warsaw University of Technology. Then, the Student Branch SPIE and the Polish Section of SPIE (later the Polish Photonic Society) joined the organization of the WILGA Symposium. The initiator of the WILGA Symposium was the PERG-ELHEP Scientific Team from the Institute of Electronic Systems of the Warsaw University of Technology. It seems that two factors contributed to the success of the WILGA Symposium: incredible popularity among young scientists and international cooperation. In this article, the author draws attention to the fundamental role of the IEEE organization in the fate of the WILGA Symposium – which lasted until its 50th edition, in connection with the beautiful 50th anniversary of the excellent activity of the Polish Section of IEEE.
PL
Układy zasilania – źródła energii elektrycznej, sieci oraz instalacje – coraz częściej stanowią elementy składowe układu inteligentnego zasilającego odbiorniki energii. Taką integrację umożliwiają układy elektroniczne, w których zaimplementowane są czipy zawierające oprogramowanie realizujące algorytmy działania elementów toru zasilania. Podstawą działania elementów stanowiących o inteligencji współpracujących urządzeń wyposażenia budynku jest dostęp do medium transmisji danych, jaki stwarza BIoT. Silny związek współczesnych instalacji elektrycznych z tradycyjną techniką wytwarzania, magazynowania, przesyłu, rozdziału i dostawy energii elektrycznej umożliwia optymalizację poziomu zużycia energii. Wprowadza się pojęcie GEB (ang. Grid-interactive Efficient Buildings) – budynków interaktywnych w mikrosieci. Artykuł jest jedną z wielu prób opisu fenomenu rozwoju współczesnych instalacji wyposażenia budynków sterowanych w czasie rzeczywistym RTEM (ang. Real Time Energy Management).
EN
Power systems – power sources, grids and installations are increasingly the building blocks of an intelligent system that supplies power to energy consumers. Such integration is enabled by electronic circuits in which chips containing software implementing algorithms of power path operation. The basis for the operation of elements that constitute the intelligence of cooperating devices of a building equipment is the access to the data transmission medium created by BIoT. The relationship of modern electrical installations with traditional power generation, storage, transmission, distribution and delivery technology enables optimization of energy consumption levels. The concept of Grid-interactive Efficient Buildings (GEB) is introduced as a crucial component of building installation. This paper is one of many attempts to describe the phenomenon of the development of modern RTEM (Real Time Energy Management) controlled building equipment installations.
EN
Purpose: The aim of the article is to present the perceptions of ICT in times of the development of Society 5.0 in the awareness of beneficiaries of the healthcare system, and outlining the prospects of applying these solutions in the health sector. Design/methodology/approach: The research was conducted in Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship. The questionnaire was used to survey people using primary healthcare services. Findings: The respondents identified the importance of various forms of using ICT by primary healthcare entities, specifying their preferred information communication channel. The greatest number of indications, nearly 92% of the respondents, chose a direct contact with the doctor as important or very important. Originality/value: The health sector in Poland, as well as in other countries of the EU, has been the subject of constant changes though they are not clearly visible for the general public. Technological progress and the related innovations in the field of communication are an opportunity to improve the information flow between the doctor and patient. Moreover, they facilitate gaining knowledge and thus constitute an important dimension in the process of learning in the perspective of Society 5.0 development. New ICT channels may be an important method for the health sector to find ways of reducing the costs of patient service.
18
Content available remote The effects of ICTs' application in enterprises on the NewConnect market
EN
The subject of the analyses carried out is the use of ICTs by enterprises listed on the NewConnect market. The aim of the article is to identify the basic effects of the use of ICTs in Polish enterprises carrying out innovative activities (listed on the NewConnect market). The study used the CASI technique (a sample of 60 innovative enterprises). The study used methods such as: analysis, synthesis, deduction and induction.
PL
Przedmiotem przeprowadzonych analiz jest stosowanie technologii teleinformatycznych przez przedsiębiorstwa notowane na rynku NewConnect. Celem artykułu jest identyfikacja podstawowych efektów stosowania ICT w polskich przedsiębiorstwach prowadzących działalność innowacyjną (notowanych na rynku NewConnect). W badaniu wykorzystano technikę CASI (badanie na próbie 60 innowacyjnych przedsiębiorstw). Zastosowano metody: analizy, syntezy, dedukcji oraz indukcji.
EN
Technological progress is the driving force behind industrial development. It is a multidimensional and multi-level phenomenon. In this article we focus on its three manifestations: information and communication technologies (ICT), Industry 4.0 and agile manufacturing. The aim of this article is to analyse the relationship between these constructs as they are undoubtedly interrelated. ICT plays a key role, but it is not a goal itself. They are a prerequisite for the implementation of Industry 4.0, but together with it they serve to achieve agility by the manufacturing system and, as a result, achieve a competitive advantage by companies operating in turbulent and unpredictable environment. The literature findings in this paper are part of a broader study conducted on the impact of ICT on agility of SMEs operating in India. Therefore, we include also subsections showing the level of this relationship in Indian SMEs.
PL
Na początku XXI wieku działania w obszarze logistyki miejskiej koncentrowały się głównie na projektowaniu rozwiązań dotyczących zmniejszenia kongestii oraz poszukiwaniu panaceum na odciążenie miast od transportu ciężarowego. Jednym ze sztandarowych – bez wątpienia przydatnych rozwiązań – było projektowanie optymalnych zatoczek miejskich, jako elementów infrastruktury miejskiej usprawniających dostawy do sklepów. Od kilku lat obserwujemy rosnący udział innowacji opartych na Big Data, co świadczy o tym, że potencjał wykorzystania narzędzi ICT jest wręcz nieograniczony, a inicjatywy różnych miast, takie jak tworzenie tzw. city labów, zasługują na uwagę.
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