Ograniczanie wyników
Czasopisma help
Autorzy help
Lata help
Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników

Znaleziono wyników: 83

Liczba wyników na stronie
first rewind previous Strona / 5 next fast forward last
Wyniki wyszukiwania
Wyszukiwano:
w słowach kluczowych:  stop Al-Si
help Sortuj według:

help Ogranicz wyniki do:
first rewind previous Strona / 5 next fast forward last
EN
This paper deals with different types of modifiers and their effect on the microstructure of the Al-Si alloy. For the purposes of this research, strontium, antimony and calcium were used as the modifiers of the AlSi10CuNiMn alloy. Unmodified alloy was cast in order to be compared with the alloy modified by different modifiers in various concentrations. The results of this research were analysed via light and electron microscopy.
EN
In this article, a study of nonmetallic inclusions introduced during the casting process of the aluminum–silicon alloy is presented. The samples were investigated using a scanning electron microscope to find the chemical composition and X-ray tomography to check the volumetric content of the non-metallic inclusions. The samples were made from AlSi7Mg alloy, used for car wheels, with 7% weight content of Si, 89% of Al, and 0.3% of Mg. The main goal of our investigations was to find out the chemical composition of the impurities and to identify the stage of the casting process at which the impurities are introduced.
EN
The paper presents results of a study concerning an AlSi7Mg alloy and the effect of subjecting the liquid metal to four different processes: conventional refining with hexachloroethane; the same refining followed by modification with titanium, boron, and sodium; refining by purging with argon carried out in parallel with modification with titanium and boron salts and strontium; and parallel refining with argon and modification with titanium, boron, and sodium salts. The effect of these four processes on compactness of the material, parameters of microstructure, and fatigue strength of AlSi7Mg alloy after heat treatment. It has been found that the highest compactness (the lowest porosity ratio value) and the most favorable values of the examined parameters of microstructure were demonstrated by the alloy obtained with the use of the process including parallel purging with argon and modification with salts of titanium, boron, and sodium. It has been found that in the fatigue cracking process observed in all the four variants of the liquid metal treatment, the crucial role in initiation of fatigue cracks was played by porosity. Application of the process consisting in refining by purging with argon parallel to modification with Ti, B, and Na salts allowed to refine the microstructure and reduce significantly porosity of the alloy extending thus the time of initiation and propagation of fatigue cracks. The ultimate effect consisted in a distinct increase of the fatigue limit value.
EN
Production of defect free castings requires good understanding of casting characteristics like mold filling ability and volume deficit characteristic. Pin test piece with cylindrical cores proposed by Engler and Ellerbrok was used to study the mold filling ability. Volume deficit characteristics experiments were conducted using the method designed by Engler. Alloy composition, Mold coat and Pouring temperature were considered as process parameters for the present study and experimental plan has been taken up through design of experiments. The alloy composition is most significant in influencing the mold filling ability, where as pouring temperature is for volume deficit. The Correlation Co-efficient value obtained is -0.98901 indicating strong a negative relation between mold filling ability and volume deficit characteristics. Negative values indicate a relationship between mold filling ability and volume deficit such that as values for mold filling ability increase, for volume deficit decrease.
EN
One of the most common castings applied in industrial production is aluminium-silicon alloy (ca. 9% Si with Mg). The Al-SiMg alloys have high corrosion resistance, high strength to weight ratio with modifications, very good castability, a low thermal-expansion coefficient, and relatively good wear resistance. These properties make it possible to widely apply the foundry Al-9% SiMg alloy to number of aviation, automotive, and others materials working on tribological applications. Similar to silumins, the aluminium bronze CuAl10Fe3Mn2 is characterized by good mechanical properties and wear and corrosion resistance. This paper presents the research on the treatment of Al-9%SiMg alloy with a composition of CuAl10Fe3Mn2 in different mass ranges. The experiments were conducted by a factor plan 23 for three independent variables. The main additions were strontium, Al-9%SiMg, aluminium bronze, as well as pure or melted with raw silumin. The effect of the tested additions on the microstructure and tensile strength of the Al-9%SiMg alloy was presented in figures. All analysed parameters (mechanical and tribological) of the hypo-eutectic Al-9%SiMg alloy with tested bronze additions are improved. Based on the analysis of the study results, it was found that the microstructure and tensile strength of the tested alloy are determined through the contents introduced of CuAl10Fe3Mn2 to the alloy.
PL
Jednym z najczęściej stosowanych w produkcji przemysłowej stopów odlewniczych jest stop aluminium--krzem (ok. 9% Si z dodatkiem Mg). Stopy Al-SiMg charakteryzują się wysoką odpornością na korozję, w stanie zmodyfikowanym wysokim stosunkiem wytrzymałości do wagi odlewu, bardzo dobrą lejnością, niskim współczynnikiem rozszerzalności cieplnej, względnie dobrą odpornością na zużycie. Te właściwości umożliwiają szerokie zastosowanie odlewniczego stopu Al-9% SiMg do wielu materiałów lotniczych, motoryzacyjnych i innych pracujących również w zastosowaniach tribologicznych. Podobnie jak w przypadku siluminu brąz aluminiowy CuAl10Fe3Mn2 charakteryzuje się dobrymi właściwościami mechanicznymi, zużyciem i odpornością na korozję. W artykule przedstawiono badania dotyczące obróbki stopu Al-9% SiMg składnikiem CuAl10Fe3Mn2 w różnych zakresach masowych. Eksperymenty przeprowadzono za pomocą planu czynnikowego 23 dla trzech niezależnych zmiennych. Głównym dodatkiem były: stront Al-9%SiMg, brąz aluminiowy, zarówno czysty, jak i stopiony z surowym siluminem. Wpływ badanych dodatków na mikrostrukturę i wytrzymałość na rozciąganie stopu Al-9% SiMg przedstawiono na rysunkach. Wszystkie analizowane parametry (mechaniczne i tribologiczne) stopu podeutektycznego Al-9% SiMg z badanym dodatkiem brązu zostały poprawione. Na podstawie analizy wyników badań stwierdzono, że mikrostruktura i właściwości mechaniczne badanego stopu są określone przez zawartość CuAl10Fe3Mn2 wprowadzoną do stopu.
EN
The study presents the results of the application of a statistical analysis for the evaluation of the effect of high-melting additions introduced into a pressure cast Al-Si alloy on the obtained level of its proof stress Rp0.2. The base Al-Si alloy used for the tests was a typical alloy used for pressure casting grade EN AC-46000. The base alloy was enriched with high-melting additions, such as: Cr, Mo, V and W. The additions were introduced into the base Al-Si alloy in all the possible combinations. The content of the particular high-melting addition in the Al-Si alloy was within the scope of 0.05 to 0.50%. The investigations were performed on both the base alloy and alloy with the high-melting element additions. Within the implementation of the studies, the values of Rp0.2 were determined for all the considered chemical compositions of the Al-Si alloy. A database was created for the statistical analysis, containing the independent variables (chemical composition data) and dependent variables (examined Rp0.2 values). The performed statistical analysis aimed at determining whether the examined high-melting additions had a significant effect on the level of Rp0.2 of the Al-Si alloy as well as optimizing their contents in order to obtain the highest values of the Al-Si alloy's proof stress Rp0.2. The analyses showed that each considered high-melting addition introduced into the Al-Si alloy in a proper amount can cause an increase of the proof stress Rp0.2 of the alloy, and the optimal content of each examined high-melting addition in respect of the highest obtained value of Rp0.2 equals 0.05%.
7
Content available Modifications ALSI7MG0.3 alloys trough CA, SR and SB
EN
This article deals with examing the effect of modifier on changes in microstructure of the alloy AlSi7Mg0.3. The content of the experiment was to examine the effect of addition of calcium, stroncium, and antimony to change the morphology of the eutectic silicon in the alloy type of Al-Si (namely AlSi7Mg0.3). Besides changes in the morphology of eutectic silicon was explored focused on character exlusion modifiers within microstructure of the modified alloy. Examination of the microstructure was realized by scanning electron microscopy and complemented by EDX analysis of the examined samples.
8
Content available Quality control of cylinder head casting
EN
New challenges for the Aluminium alloys used for the production of castings for automotive engine components result from an evolutionary trend of internal combustion engines towards higher specific power output. Cylinder heads, in particular, have to withstand higher operating temperature and stress levels. Present work describes quality control of microstructure (Si-morphologhy and Si-size) and mechanical properties (UTS, elongation, Brinell hardness) of cylinder head casting as effect of different T6 heat treatment (solution heat treatment time - 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 hours). The data obtained from this study will be used to improve process control, and to help the selection of heat treatment of the casting for future products.
9
Content available remote The mechanical properties of AlSi coatings made by PVD technology
PL
Porównano mechaniczne właściwości (mikrotwardość i test rysy) powłok AlSi wykonanych metodą PVD magnetronowego rozpylania stopów o zawartości 7–20% Si. Większe stężenie Si zwiększało opór odkształcania powłok wyrażony głębokością rysy. Lepsze właściwości mechaniczne miały powłoki ze stopów modyfikowanych TiBAl.
EN
The mechanical properties (microhardness and scratch test) of AlSi coatings made by PVD magnetron sputtering method from alloys with 7-20%Si were compared. Higher concentration of Si increased deformation resistance of the coating, expressed by depth of scratch. Improved mechanical properties had coatings from alloys modified by TiBAl refiner.
EN
Tests concerning EN AC 48000 (AlSi12CuNiMg) alloy phase transition covered (ATD) thermal analysis and (DSC) differential scanning calorimetry specifying characteristic temperatures and enthalpy of transformations. ATD thermal analysis shows that during cooling there exist: pre-eutectic crystallization effect of Al9Fe2Si phase, double eutectic and crystallization α(Al)+β(Si) and multi-component eutectic crystallization. During heating, DSC curve showed endothermic effect connected with melting of the eutectic α(Al)+β(Si) and phases: Al2Cu, Al3Ni, Mg2Si and Al9Fe2Si being its components. The enthalpy of this transformation constitutes approx. +392 J g-1. During freezing of the alloy, DSC curve showed two exothermal reactions. One is most likely connected with crystallization of Al9Fe2Si phase and the second one comes from freezing of the eutectic α(Al)+β(Si). The enthalpy of this transformation constitutes approx. –340 J g-1. Calorimetric test was accompanied by structural test (SEM) conducted with the use of optical microscope Reichert and scanning microscope Hitachi S-4200. There occurred solution's dendrites α(Al), eutectic silicon crystal (β) and two types of eutectic solution: double eutectic α(Al)+β(Si) and multi-component eutectic α+AlSiCuNiMg+β.
EN
The paper presents an analysis of the effect of shape of primary silicon crystals on the sizes of stresses and deformations in a surface layer of A390.0 alloy by Finite Elements Method (FEM). Analysis of stereological characteristics of the studied alloy, performed based on a quantitative metallographic analysis in combination with a statistical analysis, was used for this purpose. The presented simulation tests showed not only the deposition depth of maximum stresses and strains, but also allowed for determining the aforementioned values depending on the shape of the silicon crystals. The studied material is intended for pistons of internal combustion engines, therefore the analysis of the surface layer corresponded to conditions during friction in a piston-cylinder system of an internal combustion engine having power of up to 100 kW. The obtained results showed important differences in the values of stresses and strains up to 15% between various shape of the silicon crystals. Crystals with sharp edges caused higher stresses and deformation locally than those with rounded shapes.
EN
The paper presents the influence of modification with phosphorus (CuP10) on the tribological properties of the alloy AlSi17Cu5Mg coupled abrasively with cast-iron EN GJL-350. Tests of coefficient of friction and wear of mass were conducted on tribological tester T-01. An important aspect in the assessment of the tribological properties is the analysis of initial material microstructure in reference to silumin which underwent modification with phosphorus. It was found that the difference in structure of tested materials, mainly sizes of primary silicon crystals significantly influences the tribological properties whereas the speed change of the friction knot does not have such big influence.
EN
Paper present a thermal analysis of laser heating and remelting of EN AC-48000 (EN AC-AlSi12CuNiMg) cast alloy used mainly for casting pistons of internal combustion engines. Laser optics were arranged such that the impingement spot size on the material was a circular with beam radius rb changes from 7 to 1500 μm. The laser surface remelting was performed under argon flow. The resulting temperature distribution, cooling rate distribution, temperature gradients and the depth of remelting are related to the laser power density and scanning velocity. The formation of microstructure during solidification after laser surface remelting of tested alloy was explained. Laser treatment of alloy tests were perform by changing the three parameters: the power of the laser beam, radius and crystallization rate. The laser surface remelting needs the selection such selection of the parameters, which leads to a significant disintegration of the structure. This method is able to increase surface hardness, for example in layered castings used for pistons in automotive engines.
EN
The cooling rate is one of the main tools available to the process engineer by means of which it is possible to influence the crystallisation process. Imposing a desired microstructure on a casting as early as in the casting solidification phase widens significantly the scope of technological options at disposal in the process of aluminium-silicon alloy parts design and application. By changing the cooling rate it is possible to influence the course of the crystallisation process and thus also the material properties of individual microstructure components. In the study reported in this paper it has been found that the increase of cooling rate within the range of solidification temperatures of a complex aluminium-silicon alloy resulted in a decrease of values of the instrumented indentation hardness (HIT) and the instrumented indentation elastic modulus (EIT) characterising the intermetallic phase occurring in the form of polygons, rich in aluminium, iron, silicon, manganese, and chromium, containing also copper, nickel, and vanadium. Increased cooling rate resulted in supersaturation of the matrix with alloying elements.
EN
Issues connected with high quality casting alloys are important for responsible construction elements working in hard conditions. Traditionally, the quality of aluminium casting alloy refers to such microstructure properties as the presence of inclusions and intermetallic phases or porosity. At present, in most cases, Quality index refers to the level of mechanical properties – especially strength parameters, e.g.: UTS, YS, HB, E (Young’s Modulus), K1c (stress intensity factor). Quality indexes are often presented as a function of density. However, generally it is known, that operating durability of construction elements depends both on the strength and plastic of the material. Therefore, for several years now, in specialist literature, the concept of quality index (QI) was present, combines these two important qualities of construction material. The work presents the results of QI research for casting hypoeutectic silumin type EN AC-42100 (EN AC-AlSi7Mg0.3), depending on different variants of heat treatment, including jet cooling during solution treatment.
EN
The paper presents tribological properties of A390.0 (AlSi17Cu5Mg) alloy coupled in abrasive action with EN-GJL-350 grey cast-iron. The silumin was prepared with the use of two different technologies which differed in terms of cooling speed. In the first case the alloy was modified with foundry alloy CuP10 and cast to a standard tester ATD and in case of second option the modified alloy was cast into steel casting die. Due to different speed of heat removal the silumins varied in structure, particularly with size of primary crystals of silicon and their distribution in matrix which had a significant influence of friction coefficient in conditions of dry friction.
EN
The paper presents the results of the crystallization process of silumin by the TDA thermographic method and the results of the cast microstructure obtained in the sampler ATD-10, that was cooling down in ambient air. The study was conducted for silumins AlSi8 and AlSi11 unmodified. The work demonstrated that the use of thermal imaging camera allows for the measurement and recording the solidification process of silumin. Thermal curve was registered with the infrared camera and derivative curve that was calculated on the base of thermal curve have both a very similar shape to adequate them TDA curves obtained from measurements using a thermocouple. Test results by TDA thermographic method enable quantitative analysis of the kinetics of the cooling and solidification process of hypo- and neareutectic silumins.
EN
The paper concerns the problem of discontinuity in high pressure die castings (HPDC). The compactness of their structure is not perfect, as it is sometimes believed. The discontinuities present in these castings are the porosity as follow: shrinkage and gas (hydrogen and gas-air occlusions) origin. The mixed gas and shrinkage nature of porosity makes it difficult to identify and indicate the dominant source. The selected parameters of metallurgical quality of AlSi9Cu3 alloy before and after refining and the gravity castings samples (as DI - density index method), were tested and evaluated. This alloy was served to cast the test casting by HPDC method. The penetrating testing (PT) and metallographic study of both kinds of castings were realized. The application of the NF&S simulation system allowed virtually to indicate the porosity zones at risk of a particular type in gravity and high-pressure-die-castings. The comparing of these results with the experiment allowed to conclude about NF&S models validation. The validity of hypotheses concerning the mechanisms of formation and development of porosity in HPDC casting were also analyzed.
19
EN
The paper deals with problems related to application of aluminum-silicon alloys for combustion engine cylinder liners.
20
Content available remote Analysis of stresses in Al-5%Si alloy under loading conditions
EN
Purpose: This paper analyses the structure and tensile strength of AlSi5Cu2 silumin produced in accordance with PN-EN 1706:2001, categorized as C355 in the US. The study was supplemented with a numerical failure analysis conducted with Abaqus 6.12. Design/methodology/approach: The alloy selected for this study was an Al base alloy containing 5% Si and 2% Cu. Tensile tests on notched round bars with three sizes of the notch radius were performed. Findings: A micromechanical model for the ductility of plastically deforming material was applied to the alloy using the finite-element program ABAQUS. The model is validated by comparing the predictions to experimental results. Research limitations/implications: Average stress triaxiality and ductility for the three types of tensile test specimens were obtained. Originality/value: This paper presented computer simulation of the stress state in notched specimens.
first rewind previous Strona / 5 next fast forward last
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.