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1
Content available remote Equine masticatory organ. Part III
EN
The masticatory system, which is also referred to as the stomatognathic system, consists of the temporomandibular joints, dentoalveolar apparatus, dentodental junctions and the neuromuscular complex. This articlc prcsents the relations between various joints under both physiological and pathological conditions.
2
Content available remote Equine masticatory organ. P. 2 Parodontium
EN
This paper is the second part of the study devoted to the equine masticatory organ. The masticatory organ is a morphological-functional unit associated primarily with the digestive system. It includes the teeth (described in part 1); parodontium (described in the present paper); oral mucosa, maxilla and mandible as well as some of the viscerocranial bones (the temporal and zygomatic bones). temporo-mandibular joints, muscles and oral glands. The parodontium as a part of the masticatory organ can be divided into the marginal parodontium and the apical parodontium. The marginal parodontium (parodontium marginale) involves the adjoining tissues in the region of the body of a tooth: the gingivae, periodontium, periosteum and the alveolar bones. The apical parodontium (parodontium apicale) also includes the radical cementum, despite the fact that it builds a tooth.
3
Content available remote Equine masticatory organ. P. 1
EN
The masticatory organ is discussed in three parts. The first one is devoted to the macro- and microscopic structure of equine teeth, the second presents the structure of the parodontium formed by the cement, periodontinum, periosteum and gingivae. The last part describes physiological relations between individual masticatory joints. The masticatory organ is a morphological-functional system associated with the digestive tract. It consists of the teeth, parodontium. the bones of the maxilla and the mandible, tem-poro-mandibular and alveodental joints, dento-dental junctions as well as the nervous and muscular complex.
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