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Content available remote Study of ultrathin Co films grown on Si(111) substrates
Ultrathin Co films were grown on vicinal Si(111) substrate with Cu buffer layers. Room temperature ferromagnetic behaviour of Co layer thicker than 4 monolayers was confirmed by the magneto-optical Kerr effect. Ferromagnetic resonance measurements have proven the coexistence of the magnetocrystalline anisotropy along with the growth- and vicinal induced uniaxial out-of-plane and in-plane contributions. Multi-jump hysteresis loops were observed for selected in-plane orientations of magnetic field which is explained by the competition of different anisotropy contributions.
Content available remote Magnetic properties of ultrathin Co(0001) films on vicinal Si(111) substrate
In the present work we report on magnetization reversal process, anisotropy and domain structures in ultrathin Au/Co(0001)/Au films deposited on vicinal Si(111) substrates. The measurements were performed using a magneto-optical Kerr effect based magnetometer, a polarizing optical microscope and a ferromagnetic resonance spectrometer. Co thickness induced spin-reorientation from out-of-plane into in-plane magnetization was studied. Changes of in-plane magnetic anisotropy symmetry were deduced from shapes of magneto-optical hysteresis loops and from analysis of angular dependences of the resonance field. The experimental data have been discussed taking into account both uniaxial out-of-plane anisotropy and step-induced uniaxial in-plane anisotropy. A preferential orientation of domain walls in 3ML thick Co films was observed. The finding is explained by the step-induced magnetic anisotropy.
The evaluation of spermatozoa motility, viability andmorphology is an essential parameter in the examination of sperm and in the establishment of correlations between sperm quality and fertility. Until now, assessment of sperm quality has been based on subjective evaluation of parameters, such as motility and viability, and on objective parameters, such as semen concentration and morphology abnormalities. When subjective optical microscopic evaluation was used in humans and animals, variations of 30 to 60% have been reported in the estimation of the motility parameters of the same ejaculates. Pulsed field gradient nuclear magnetic resonance (PFG-NMR) techniques have been presented here to demonstrate the potential to study flow and transport processes in complex systems. In this paper we present the results of PFG-NMR obtained for a number of samples of boar spermatozoa and discuss whether this method can be useful for fast and reliable spermatozoa motility evaluation.
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