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In this paper we extend the method of obtaining symmetries of ordinary differential equations to first order non-homogeneous neutral differential equations with variable coefficients. The existing method for delay differential equations uses a Lie-Bäcklund operator and an Invariant Manifold Theorem to define the operators which are used to obtain the infinitesimal generators of the Lie group. In this paper, we adopt a different approach and use Taylor’s theorem to obtain a Lie type invariance condition and the determining equations for a neutral differential equation. We then split this equation in a manner similar to that of ordinary differential equations to obtain an over-determined system of partial differential equations. These equations are then solved to obtain corresponding infinitesimals, and hence desired equivalent symmetries. We then obtain the symmetry algebra admitted by this neutral differential equation.
This paper discusses oscillatory and asymptotic properties of solutions of a class of third-order nonlinear neutral differential equations. Some new sufficient conditions for a solution of the equation to be either oscillatory or to converges to zero are presented. The results obtained can easily be extended to more general neutral differential equations as well as to neutral dynamic equations on time scales. Two examples are provided to illustrate the results.
Oscillation criteria are established for second order nonlinear neutral differential equations with deviating arguments of the form [formula] where α > 0 and z(t) = x(t) + p(t)x(t - ϒ). Our results improve and extend some known results in the literature. Some illustrating examples are also provided to show the importance of our results.
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