This article is an analysis of how the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) constituent bodies governance reform (WMO Reform) can affect the activities of the Polish National Hydrological and Meteorological Service. The analysis employs the SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats) model. The World Meteorological Congress is the highest authority of the World Meteorological Organization, whose findings guide the operations of the WMO and the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) globally. During the 18th Congress, in June 2019, discussions covered the routine operations of the WMO and its Secretariat, the status and development prospects of all the Organization's research and technical programs, and the Organization's budget for the 18th financial period beginning in 2020. The key actions of the Congress, however, were the election of the WMO senior officers and final approval (after thorough discussion) of the WMO Reform of its governance structure. The purpose of the Reform is to ensure better preparation of the organization for the challenges of the present and future, such as climate change and its impact, the growing number and intensity of extreme weather events, environmental degradation, and increasing urbanization. The tasks of the National Hydrological and Meteorological Service in Poland are performed by the Institute of Meteorology and Water Management - National Research Institute (IMGW-PIB), in accordance with the provisions of the Water Law.