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In this paper, the steady three-dimensional problem of condensation film on an inclined rotating disk is considered. The governing nonlinear partial differential equations are reduced to the nonlinear ordinary differential equations system by a similarity transform. The equation system is solved by the variation of parameters method (VPM) which is rather used to solve nonhomogeneous linear differential equations but can also be used to solve nonlinear differential equations. This method has not previously been used to solve a nonlinear condensation problem. The dimensionless velocity and temperature profiles are shown, and the influence of Prandtl number and rotation ratio on the flow field and the Nusselt number are discussed in detail. In order to assess the accuracy of the solutions obtained by this method, the problem is also solved numerically using the Matlab bvp4c solver. The validity of our solutions is verified by the numerical results.
In this paper, a boundary integral method is proposed for the solution of a class of fourth-order two-boundary value problems described by the equation yiv+P(x, y, y’, y’’, y’’’) = 0, x ∈ ( 0,L), where P is a polynomial function of its arguments. The differential equation is cast in an integral form and the weighted residual technique is used to generate the corresponding boundary integral equations. The boundary integral equations are then, solved by expressing the dependent variable, y, in terms of a power series. The proposed method is tested through four examples to show the applicability of the method to solve a wide range of fourth-order differential equations including the nonlinear ones.
A family {(O[sub h])} of parametric optimal control problems for nonlinear ODEs is considered. The problems are subject to pointwise inequality type state constraints. It is assumed that the reference solution is regular. The original problems (O[sub h]) are substituted by problems [...] subject to equality type constraints with the sets of activity depending on the parameter. Using the classical implicit function theorem, conditions are derived under which stationary points of [...] are Frechet differentiable functions of the parameter. It is shown that, under additional conditions, the stationary points of [...] correspond to the solutions and Lagrange multipliers of (O[sub h]9).
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