Supply chain management is one of the most important elements of sustainable development. And due to the fact that the world market is driven by supply and demand, and the determinant of access to products is regional and international logistics, this paper focuses on the possibilities of implementing a green transport strategy in the context of sustainable development in logistic enterprises. This paper presents the results of the SWOT analysis pointing out the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats of green vehicles market for the transport enterprises. It was noticed that the situation on the green vehicles market for the transport enterprises is characterized by the advantage of strengths and these strengths should be used to maximize the use of green vehicles. It emphasized that subsidies for green vehicles would allow to invest in a modern fleet, new solutions (e.g. own charging stations) can have an impact on the greater energy efficiency (self-sufficiency), increase of social awareness would force enterprises to take appropriate actions in the field of environmental protection and development of public transport based on green vehicles.
In enterprises, accidents happen mainly due to improper and dangerous behavior of employees. The approach called Behavioral Safety (BBS) assumes that the most effective attempts to modify dangerous employee behavior are based on influencing people abuse. As a consequence, change in behavior leads to a change in the way of thinking and attitude. In the other words, as a result of using behavioral methods for a long time, employees create a safe attitude that in the future translates into further safe behavior. Mutual control of employees during work is not accepted in Poland and positively perceived by participants of the work process. It is difficult to change the mentality and habits of people. Increasingly, employee behavior control systems are implemented in medium and large enterprises. Shaping a positive attitude of the employee to such systems and methods is a long and time-consuming work that lies with the employer and OSH supervisor. Presented studies have shown that a fairly large pro-portion of employees do not understand the positive effects of using behavioral safety methods. There is a great need to shape awareness of safe behaviors among Polish employees using behavioral safety, i.e. safety based on mutual observation of behaviors. This paper contains the results of the first stage of the study aimed at modifying undesirable behavior among employees using the implemented BBS system.
Digitalization and Industry 4.0 play a big role in the current world of globalized supply chains which are becoming more and more complex and require real time data based decisions to enable highly responsive measures needed to supply goods from point of origin to point of sale or use. Various concepts such as IoT, 3D printing, CPS, AR, autonomous driving etc. can be related to Industry 4.0. This paper focuses on examining and cross comparing eight technologies related to industry 4.0 that enables more responsive supply chain management activities. It also discusses the impact of industry 4.0 on future supply chains.
Every year approximately 70 million passenger cars are being produced and automotive industry is much bigger then just passenger cars. The impact of automotive industry on the environment is tremendous. From extracting raw materials through manufacturing and assembly processes, exploitation of the vehicle to the reprocessing irreversible, extensive environmental damage is done. The goal of this study is to show how implementing eco-design processes into supply chain management can reduce the impact of automotive industry on the environment by e.g. reducing the use of the fuel, increasing the use of recycled materials. Focus is on evaluation of current state, environmental impacts and potential improvements for design, raw materials, manufacturing and distribution and end-of-life phase.
In recent years heating in Poland has been transformed as a result of the priorities of the country's energy policy implemented within the European Union. The increase in energy security, the development of renewable energy sources and the fulfilment of legal and environmental requirements are very important. Exploitation of district heating systems should ensure reliable and safe heat supplies for industrial and municipal customers with high energy efficiency and reduction of environmental impact. The article discusses the conditions and directions of centralized heating systems development as well as technical and economic issues, which are important for the security of heat supply. The Author describes selected technological innovations used in the technical infrastructure for heat transfer and modern IT systems which are improving the management of heating systems. The article includes the results of simulation research with use of IT tools showing the impact of selected innovations on the improvement of network operation conditions. Directions of modernization of heating systems in the aspect of increasing energy efficiency and security of heat supply have also been indicted here.
In 2015 the Agenda 2030 was introduced, framed of 17 sustainable development goals (SDG) with 169 targets, which were adopted by the United Nations Member States and should bring prosperity and growth to the global society. In this paper a focus is given to the SDG 12 Sustainable consumption and production from the e-mobility perspective. SDG 12 aims to ensure sustainable consumption and production (SCP) patterns – it is about promoting resource and energy efficiency, sustainable infrastructure, and providing access to basic services, green and decent jobs, and a better quality of life for all. Many stakeholders from public and private sector are investing a lot of effort to identify consumer behaviour for future improvements in development of their green products and strategies Because sustainable mobility and consequently low emission vehicles (LEV) are closely related with sustainable consumption within the personal mobility this paper focuses on consumer segmentation of potential LEV buyers and their willingness to buy LEV. Results have revealed that the segment of potential alternative fuel vehicles buyers is much larger than we initially anticipated. Such vehicles are, surprisingly, also more attractive for the older population, according to our results.
Billions of people in the world are at risk of getting unsafe food. There is an urgent need to improve efficiency and effectiveness of food supply chains. The global population is expected to reach at least 9 billion by the year 2050, requiring up to 70% more food than nowadays and demanding food production and distribution to become much more sustainable. Today, food safety is a worldwide concern due to a number of food safety scandals. As supply chains become more globalized and complex, the ability to track and trace products from fork to farm becomes more difficult but remains equally important. Good traceability may minimize the production and distribution of unsafe or poor quality products. It allows targeting the product affected by a food safety problem, minimizing disruption to trade and any potential public health risks. The objective of this paper is therefore to conduct a comprehensive analysis of traceability methods and technologies in food supply chains.
Integrating electric vehicles in a supply chain and distribution is a viable option when special conditions such as short distance road distribution and environmental considerations as well as small amounts of goods enabling delivery with delivery vans are met. In this paper, possibility of investment in electric vehicles for distribution of local food will be examined and analysed. Safety concerns in electric vehicles will also be addressed and accident consequences and vehicle safety will be analysed and compared with conventional vehicles that use internal combustion engines.