Ograniczanie wyników
Czasopisma help
Autorzy help
Lata help
Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników

Znaleziono wyników: 88

Liczba wyników na stronie
first rewind previous Strona / 5 next fast forward last
Wyniki wyszukiwania
Wyszukiwano:
w słowach kluczowych:  rotation
help Sortuj według:

help Ogranicz wyniki do:
first rewind previous Strona / 5 next fast forward last
EN
This work studies the simultaneous effects of helical force, rotation and porosity on the appearance of stationary convection in a binary mixture of a ferrofluid and on the size of convection cells. We have determined the analytical expression of the Rayleigh number of the system as a function of the dimensionless parameters. The effect of each parameter on the system is studied. The consideration of the simultaneous effect of the basic characteristics made it possible to determine the evolution of the convection threshold in the ferrofluid and then the size of convection cells. The analyzes of the various results obtained allowed us to deduce whether the convection sets in quickly or with a delay when the various effects taken into account in the study are considered simultaneously.
EN
Under eccentric load, a single column pier bridge often overturns. In order to study the anti overturning performance of a single column pier bridge, taking the accident bridge in Wuxi as an example, a finite element model is established based on ABAQUS. According to the model simulation results, the relationship between the ultimate rotational load and overturning load of the accident bridge is obtained, and the ratio of the latter to the former is 1.75. Based on the model, the stress state, displacement state, and support state of the accident bridge under dead load, highway class I vehicle load, and accident vehicle load are obtained. Whether the strength and stability of the accident bridge under each load meet the service requirements is analyzed. In order to explore the differences among China, United States, and Japan specifications, the lateral stability of accident bridges is checked. It is found that the safety of the United States and Japan specifications is conservative, but the utilization rate of bridge traffic capacity is low. The safety of China specifications is slightly lower, but it can maximize the bridge’s traffic capacity and judge the ultimate overturning state of the bridge more accurately. The research results can provide technical references for the design and application of a single-column pier bridge.
EN
In this paper, the effects of rotation on a Jeffery nanofluid flow in a porous medium which is heated from below is studied. Darcy model is employed for porous medium and the Jeffrey fluid model is used as a base fluid. The Navier-Stokes equations of motion of fluid are modified under the influence of the Jeffrey parameter, naoparticles and rotation. The basic perturbation technique based on normal modes is applied to derive the dispersion relation for a Rayleigh number. The effects of the Taylor number, Jeffrey parameter, Lewis number, modified diffusivity ratio, nanoparticles Rayleigh number and medium porosity on the stationary convection of the physical system have been analyzed analytically and graphically. It is observed that the rotation parameter has a stabilising influence for both bottom/top-heavy configurations.
EN
This paper deals with the theoretical investigation of the effect of a magnetic field, rotation and magnetization on a ferromagnetic fluid under varying gravity field. To find the exact solution for a ferromagnetic fluid layer contained between two free boundaries, we have used a linear stability analysis and normal mode analysis method. For the case of stationary convection, a stable solute gradient has a stabilizing effect, while rotation has a stabilizing effect if 0λ > and destabilizing effect if 0λ < . Further, the magnetic field is discovered to have both a stabilizing and destabilizing effect for both 0λ > and 0λ < . It is likewise discovered that magnetization has a stabilizing effect for both 0λ > and 0λ < in the absence of the stable solute gradient. Graphs have been plotted by giving numerical values of various parameters. In the absence of rotation, magnetic field and stable solute gradient, the principle of exchange of stabilities is found to hold true for certain conditions.
EN
In this paper, we investigate a problem on reflection and transmission of plane-waves at an interface between two dissimilar half-spaces of a transversely isotropic micropolar piezoelectric material. The entire model is assumed to rotate with a uniform angular velocity. The governing equations of rotating and transversely isotropic micropolar piezoelectric medium are specialized in a plane. Plane-wave solutions of two-dimensional coupled governing equations show the possible propagation of three coupled plane-waves. For an incident plane-wave at an interface between two dissimilar half-spaces, three reflected and three transmitted waves propagate with distinct speeds. The connections between the amplitude ratios of reflected and transmitted waves are obtained. The expressions for the energy ratios of reflected and transmitted waves are also obtained. A numerical example of the present model is considered to illustrate the effects of rotation on the speeds and energy ratios graphically.
6
Content available remote Research of environmental and technological problems of cavitation
EN
The comparative analysis of systems of conversion of electric energy into mechanical and mechanical into thermal with realization of effect of cavitation in a stream of the liquid transported in a closed circuit is carried out. The optimal dimensions and relief of working surfaces of swirlers in tubular and rotary cavitators are determined. The regularities of the change of the coolant temperature depending on its nature, the intensity of cavitation, which is determined by the rotational-translational and rotational motion in cavitators of two types - tubular and rotary.
EN
The effect of magnetic field dependent (MFD) viscosity on the thermal convection in a ferrofluid layer saturating a sparsely distributed porous medium has been investigated by using the Darcy-Brinkman model in the simultaneous presence of a uniform vertical magnetic field and a uniform vertical rotation. A correction is applied to the study of Vaidyanathan et al. [11] which is very important in order to predict the correct behavior of MFD viscosity. A linear stability analysis has been carried out for stationary modes and oscillatory modes separately. The critical wave number and critical Rayleigh number for the onset of instability, for the case of free boundaries, are determined numerically for sufficiently large values of the magnetic parameterM1 . Numerical results are obtained and are illustrated graphically. It is shown that magnetic field dependent viscosity has a destabilizing effect on the system for the case of stationary mode and a stabilizing effect for the case of oscillatory mode, whereas magnetization has a destabilizing effect.
EN
The paper presents a method of structural monitoring with the use of angular and linear displacement measurements performed using inclinometer and laser measuring devices. The focus is mainly on the inclinometer measurement method, which is a solution free from the basic disadvantages of optical methods, such as sensitivity to any type of visibility restrictions, pollution or influence of weather conditions. Testing of this method was carried out in practical application in an wireless monitoring system, installed in a large-area industrial building. The measurement results performed using the inclinometers were compared with simultaneous measurements of linear displacements performed with the use of proven methods based on laser rangefinders. The research and analysis show that the method of measuring angular displacements using the inclinometers with MEMS sensors of appropriate quality is a very good, better than typical optical methods, solution of structural monitoring systems that allows to obtain accurate and reliable results.
PL
W artykule przedstawiono badania "In-situ" metody monitorowania przemieszczeń konstrukcji, bazującej na pomiarach kątów obrotu realizowanych przy pomocy inklinometrów. Badania przeprowadzono w obiekcie produkcyjnym o stalowej konstrukcji nośnej, w którym występują zarówno przestrzenie zamknięte, nie narażone na ujemne temperatury i inne wpływy środowiskowe, jak i przestrzenie otwarte o charakterze wiat, narażone na bezpośrednie działanie środowiska atmosferycznego. Konstrukcję hali stanowi układ stalowych, jednoprzęsłowych płatwi kratowych o rozpiętości 18 m i dźwigarów kratownicowych o rozpiętości osiowej równej 15 m, opartych na słupach żelbetowych utwierdzonych w fundamentach. W obiekcie zainstalowano zarówno czujniki inklinometryczne jak i dalmierze laserowe, przy czym w artykule skupiono się na pomiarach kątów obrotu realizowanych przy pomocy czujników inklinometrycznych, a wyniki pomiarów ugięć były analizowane jedynie w celach porównawczych.
EN
The paper presents a method of structural monitoring with the use of angular displacement measurements performed with inclinometer devices. Inclinometer method is a solution free from the basic disadvantages of optical methods used commonly in structural monitoring, such as sensitivity to any type of visibility restrictions, pollution or influence of weather conditions. At the same time, with appropriate sensor parameters, a much better measurement accuracy is obtained than for typical optical methods and very low energy demand and moderate costs are achieved. Taking into account the above-mentioned issues, in the first stage an appropriate MEMS-type inclinometer sensor was selected, its laboratory tests were carried out and a method of the offset temperature drift correction, individual for each sensor, was developed.
PL
W artykule przedstawiono metodę pomiaru przemieszczeń kątowych, realizowanych przy pomocy inklinometrów, jako alternatywę do stosowanych w monitoringu konstrukcji optycznych metod pomiarowych. Po krótkim wprowadzeniu dotyczącym ogólnie zagadnień monitoringu konstrukcji, przeprowadzono analizę metod pomiarowych stosowanych w systemach monitoringu, ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem pomiarów przemieszczeń oraz zalet i wad tych metod. Z analiz tych wynika, że rozwiązaniem wolnym od głównych wad typowych metod optycznych są pomiary inklinometryczne. Są one niewrażliwe na wszelkiego typu ograniczenia widoczności, zanieczyszczenia czy oddziaływania atmosferycznie, a bazą dla pomiarów jest wektor grawitacji, dostępny zawsze i wszędzie. Przeprowadzono analizę dostępnych rozwiązań czujników inklinometrycznych, mającą na celu wytypowanie sensora pozwalającego na uzyskanie odpowiedniej dokładności pomiarów przy umiarkowanych kosztach urządzenia i małym zapotrzebowaniu na energię, co jest szczególnie ważne w przypadku planowanego zastosowania czujnika w systemach bezprzewodowych i wpisuje się w powszechną tendencję do oszczędzania energii. Mając na względzie powyższe kwestie dobrano odpowiedni sensor inklinometryczny typu MEMS i przeprowadzono testy laboratoryjne jego właściwości metrologicznych przyjmując, że musi on zapewniać dokładność porównywalną do typowych czujników laserowych - przyjęto, że błąd pomiaru nie może być większy niż 5%. W tego typu czujnikach błędy pomiaru wynikają w głównej mierze z temperaturowego dryftu czułości i dryftu offsetu. Analizy i testy wykazały, że przy zastosowaniu tylko zewnętrznej kompensacji programowej czujnika, można uzyskać temperaturowy dryft czułości sensora na poziomie 50ppm/°C, co oznacza że błąd pomiaru będzie nie większy niż ±0.00025°/°C nawet przy nachyleniu początkowym inklinometru rzędu 5°. Zakładając, że połowa z założonego maksymalnego błędu, równego 5%, będzie "przeznaczona" na dryft czułości, czujnik może być stosowany nawet w zakresie temperatur ±40°C, a więc całkowicie wystarczającym z punktu widzenia systemu monitoringu. Inaczej przedstawia się sytuacja w przypadku błędu wynikającego z temperaturowego dryftu offsetu - standardowa wartość dryftu offsetu wynosi ±0.002°/°C, a więc jest prawie dziesięciokrotnie większa od wymaganej (±0.00025°/°C). Jest tu więc konieczna indywidualna kompensacja programowa dla każdego sensora. W celu opracowania metody tej kompensacji, każdy sensor był badany w odpowiednio przygotowanej i przetestowanej przy pomocy inklinometru wzorcowego, komorze termicznej. W celu wyeliminowania wpływu dryftu czułości sensora na wyniki, badania prowadzono przy kątach nachylenia inklinometru bliskich zeru. Zmierzone zależności kąta nachylenia od temperatury były aproksymowane indywidualnie dla każdego czujnika, wielomianami 4-go stopnia, które następnie były wykorzystywane do kompensacji wskazań inklinometrów. Po takiej korekcji uzyskiwano stabilność zera na poziomie lepszym niż 0.0005° w pełnym zakresie temperatury, co spełnia z nadmiarem zakładane wymagania i potrzeby zastosowania inklinometrów w systemach monitoringu konstrukcji. Następny etap badań to testowanie skalibrowanych czujników w badaniach "In-situ", w monitoringu konstrukcji funkcjonującego obiektu - zostaną one przedstawione w innym artykule.
10
Content available remote Algorytmy do analizy składowych wektora prędkości
PL
W artykule przedstawiono algorytmy komputerowe zaprojektowane w celu analizy składowych płaskiego pola prędkości. Informacje o składowych wektora prędkości pochodzą z programu Dantec Dynamic Studio lub programu powstałego w Instytucie. Analizowane są wszystkie pliki z wybranego katalogu. Programy te generują płaskie pola prędkości wyznaczane przy pomocy anemometrii cyfrowej (Particle Image Velocimetry – PIV). W programie możemy analizować składowe wektora prędkości wzdłuż linie poziomej i pionowej. Możemy zapisać pliki w celu narysowania trójwymiarowego pola wybranej składowej wektora prędkości lub zmiany składowych w czasie. Istnieje możliwość wyznaczenia sumy, wartości średniej, odchylenia standardowego, czy rotacji wektora prędkości.
EN
Algorithms used to analyze velocity of vector components are presented in the paper. Information about velocity components come from Dantec Dynamic Studio Program or program designed by the authors. All of the files from the selected catalogue are analyzed. As a result 2D velocity fields are generated from the PIV data. The authored computer program allows to analyze velocity vector components along horizontal and vertical lines. Files saved are used to draw a three dimensional velocity fields or to visualize variations of the components of velocity vectors in time. Statistical parameters such as: sum, mean, standard deviation or rotation of the velocity vector are routinely computed.
EN
In this study, the instability of Walters’ (model B’) viscoelastic fluid in a Darcy-Brinkman-Boussinesq system heated from below saturating a porous medium in electrohydrodynamics is considered. By applying the linear stability analysis and normal modes, the dispersion relations accounting for the effect of Prandtl number, electric Rayleigh number, Darcy number, Brinkman-Darcy number, Taylor number and kinematic viscoelasticity parameter is derived. The effects of electric Rayleigh number, Darcy number, Brinkman-Darcy number and Taylor number on the onset of stationary convection have been investigated both analytically and graphically.
EN
This work investigates rotational effects on propagation and reflection of waves at the free surface of a micropolar fibre-reinforced medium with voids under magnetic fields. When the P-wave is incident on the free surface, there exist four coupled reflected plane waves traveling in the medium; quasi-longitudinal displacement (qLD) wave, quasi-transverse displacement (qTD) wave, quasi-transverse microrotational (qTM) wave and a wave due to voids. Normal mode analysis is adopted in concomitant with Snell’s laws, and appropriate boundary conditions in determination of the solution. Amplitude ratios which correspond to reflected waves in vertical and horizontal components are presented analytically and graphically.
EN
Rotations are an integral part of various computational techniques and mechanics. The objective in this paper is twofold: first to have a classical insight into the history of quaternions, a problem that Hamilton faced for over a decade and secondly to look at into its applications from computer graphics perspective. Thorough revision of quaternion algebra and its use case as a rotation operator has been presented. A quaternion simulation algorithm has been written and practiced to generate simulation results. Results show that though quaternions supersede Euler angles technically but are tricky to use and control for e.g. when same quaternion is applied on a different vector axis, the particle is not able to reach its initial position and an incomplete rotation effect has been recorded and observed.
EN
Thermal convection of a rotating dielectric micropolar fluid layer under the action of an electric field and temperature gradient has been investigated. The dispersion relation has been derived using normal mode analysis. The effects of the electric Rayleigh number, micropolar viscosity, Taylor number and Prandtl number on stability and over stability criteria are discussed. It is found that rotation postpones the instability in the fluid layer, while the Prandtl number and rotation both have a stabilizing effect. It is also observed that the micropolar fluid additives have a stabilizing effect, whereas the electric field has a destabilizing effect on the onset of convection stability.
15
Content available Teoria obrótu noża styczno-obrotowego
PL
Szerokie zastosowanie noża styczno-obrotowego w technologii pozyskiwania kopalin jest efektem jego podstawowej cechy – obrotu w uchwycie nożowym, co prowadzi do jego tzw. samoostrzenia. Cecha ta w sposób zasadniczy wpływa na ekonomikę procesu produkcyjnego, jego energochłonność, jakość produktu wyjściowego, a w efekcie końcowym na koszt pozyskania kopalin. Obrót noża styczno-obrotowego był i nadal jest tematem doświadczeń oraz rozważań teoretycznych, które wykazały, że jest to zjawisko dość złożone, zależne od wielu czynników. Jednak obecna wiedza, a przede wszystkim efekty pracy tego narzędzia sprawiają, że jest stosowany na szeroką skalę, nie tylko w przemyśle wydobywczym, ale także np. w budownictwie czy drogownictwie.
EN
The wide use of rotating tangent cutter in the technology of minerals’ excavation is the result of its basic feature: capability of rotation in the cutter grip, which leads to its so-called self-sharpening. This feature has a fundamental impact on the economics of the production process, its energy consumption, the quality of the output product and, consequently, on the cost of minerals’ excavation. Rotation of rotating tangent cutters was and still is the subject of experiments, theoretical considerations, which showed that this phenomenon is quite complex, depending on many factors. However, current knowledge and, above all, the effects of the work of this tool, makes it useful on a larger scale, not only in the mining industry but also, for example, in construction or road engineering.
EN
The present paper is devoted to investigate the influence of the rotation, thermal field, initial stress, gravity field, electromagnetic and voids on the reflection of P wave under three models of generalized thermoelasticity: Classical and Dynamical coupled model (CD), Lord-Shulman model (LS), Green-Lindsay model (GL), The boundary conditions at stress-free thermally insulated surface are satisfied to obtain Algebraic system of four equations in the reflection coefficients of various reflected waves. It is shown that there exist four plane waves; P1, P2, P3 and P4. In addition, the reflection coefficients from insulated and isothermal stress-free surface for the incident P wave are obtained. Finally, numerical values of the complex modulus of the reflection coefficients are visualized graphically to display the effects of the rotation, initial stress, gravity field magnetic field, thermal relaxation times and voids parameters.
EN
In this paper, the effect of Hall current on an unsteady MHD transient three dimensional flow of an electrically conducting viscous incompressible fluid past an impulsively started infinite horizontal porous plate relative to a rotating system has been studied. It is assumed that the entire system rotates with a constant angular velocity about the normal to the plate and a uniform magnetic field is applied along the normal to the plate and directed into the fluid region. The magnetic Reynolds number is assumed to be so small that the induced magnetic field can be neglected. The expressions for the primary and secondary fields and shearing stress at the plate due to primary and secondary velocity fields are obtained in a non-dimensional form. The non-dimensional governing equations of the flow are solved by using the Galerkin FEM. The effects of the physical parameters, such as the Hartmann number (M), rotation parameter (Ω), porosity parameter (K) and Hall parameter (m) on primary and secondary velocities and shearing stresses τx and τy due to primary and secondary velocities are discussed through graphs and tables, and results are physically interpreted.
EN
Thermal Instability (Benard’s Convection) in the presence of uniform rotation and uniform magnetic field (separately) is studied. Using the linearized stability theory and normal mode analyses the dispersion relation is obtained in each case. In the case of rotatory Benard’s stationary convection compressibility and rotation postpone the onset of convection whereas the couple-stress have duel character onset of convection depending on rotation parameter. While in the absence of rotation couple-stress always postpones the onset of convection. On the other hand, magnetic field on thermal instability problem on couple-stress fluid for stationary convection couple-stress parameter and magnetic field postpones the onset of convection. The effect of compressibility also postpones the onset of convection in both cases as rotation and magnetic field. Graphs have been plotted by giving numerical values to the parameters to depict the stationary characteristics. Further, the magnetic field and rotation are found to introduce oscillatory modes which were non-existent in their absence and then the principle of exchange of stability is valid. The sufficient conditions for non-existence of overstability are also obtained.
EN
The model of the equations of generalized magneto-thermoelasticity in an isotropic elastic medium with two-temperature under the effect initial stress is established. The entire elastic medium is rotated with a uniform angular velocity. The formulation is applied under three theories of generalized thermoelasticity: Lord-Shulman, Green-Lindsay, as well as the coupled theory. The Harmonic function is used to obtain the exact expressions for the considered variables. Some particular cases are also discussed in the context of the problem. We introduce the equations of the velocity of p-wave, T-wave and SV-wave. The boundary conditions for mechanical and Maxwell’s stresses and thermal insulated or isothermal are applied to determine the reflection coefficients for p-wave, T-wave and SV-wave. Some new aspects are obtained of the reflection coefficients and displayed graphically and the new conclusions are presented. Comparisons are also made with the results predicted by different theories (CT, L-S, G-L) in the presence of rotation, initial stress, magnetic field, as well as, the two-temperature parameter on the reflection of generalized thermos-elastic waves.
EN
The model of the equations of generalized thermoelasticity in a semi-conducting medium with two-temperature is established. The entire elastic medium is rotated with a uniform angular velocity. The formulation is applied under Lord-Schulman theory with one relaxation time. The normal mode analysis is used to obtain the expressions for the considered variables. Also some particular cases are discussed in the context of the problem. Numerical results for the considered variables are obtained and illustrated graphically. Comparisons are also made with the results predicted in the absence and presence of rotation as well as two-temperature parameter.
first rewind previous Strona / 5 next fast forward last
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.