W artykule zaprezentowano konstrukcję oraz podstawowe parametry metrologiczne trzech wzorców napięcia przemiennego o liczalnej różnicy transferowej w paśmie częstotliwości 10 kHz - 1 MHz. Artykuł zawiera między innymi obliczone w oparciu o model matematyczny wartości różnic transferowych wzorców oraz niepewności ich wyznaczenia. Ponadto w pracy opisano schemat komparacji wzorców oraz teoretyczne wyniki tej komparacji.
The paper presents construction and basic metrological parameters of AC voltage standards with calculable AC-DC transfer difference in the frequency range from 10 kHz to 1 MHz. Three standards cover the AC voltage range from approximately 0.7 to 6 V. Each standard is composed of a series range resistor and a single junction thermal converter (SJTC). The range resistor is made from thin resistive wire and mounted, together with the SJTC, in a coaxial copper-brass enclosure shown in Fig.1. The construction of each standard is similar to those presented in . The nominal values of construction and material parameters, common for all the three standards, are listed in Table 2. The AC-DC transfer difference, given by Eq.3, was calculated using the theoretical model presented in , however in the calculations presented in this paper the influence of the Tee-connector was included. In Section 4 the standard uncertainty of the calculated AC-DC differences is estimated according to . The relation between the calculated AC-DC differences and the frequencies of all the three standards, together with the estimated uncertainties are given in Tables 3 - 5. In Section 5 a method for verification of the calculated AC-DC transfer differences is described: the 1.5 V standard will be directly compared with the 3 V standard, and the 3 V standard will be compared with the 6 V standard. The result of such comparisons - the differences of the AC-DC transfer differences of the compared standards were theoretically calculated. They are listed in Table 6.