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EN
The article presents the methodology of calculation of principal parameters of ship’s hull dimensions, called „significant ships list”, at preliminary stage of design process. Knowledge collected in the database is related to new buildings classified according to type, displacement, or DWT, shipping class, maximum speed etc. Are analysed dimensional constraints due of Froude Number, ships dimensional coefficients block and weigh coefficient, relations of main dimensions such as L/B, B/T, L/H, B/H etc. [7]. Those parameters coming out from ship-owners requirements like type of ship, load capacity, type of cargo, shipping zone, speed and some more. Very helpful tool for such analysis is list of significant ships created for specified types of ships. Mentioned lists are very effective under conditions that cover broad-spectrum new buildings and data included are credible. Uncritical taking values included in significant ships list can lead to critical errors in selection of main dimensions of a ship or its propulsion powering. For that reasons, basing on analysis, as main criteria of similarity of ship’s hull were assumed mass coefficient, block coefficient and Froude Number [2]. That procedure has significant impact at proper estimation of propulsion power. Another reliable parameter of evaluation of power seems to be relation between power and load capacity Ne/D.
EN
TEU number which the container ship is designed for, directly influences the main hull dimensions that is displacement D, length L, breadth B, draught T, their combinations and block coefficient delta. The main dimensions have a great impact on developing the ships resistant performance. Thus, it is really fundamental to establish the correct dimensions of the hull during the design and ship building process. Estimating the shape of the ships hull, that comprises its main dimensions, is one of the basic tasks as part of the preliminary design stage. The most significant decisions determining ships performance, its duration and building costs are made at the beginning of the preliminary stage, before the contract is signed, when the costs are relatively low, up to 4.5% of total costs of technical and working stage. The results of the decision that has been made at the preliminary design stage are significant for the new building ship including its building costs and what is more important, for the ship owner, the ships operational costs. It is important to limit the total ship resistance, for instance, by lowering the wave ship resistance as much as possible, especially when the operational speed and TEU number carried by one vessel is increasing. That resistance depends on the operational speed expressed by Froude number. The resistance criteria and the existing hull dimensions limits, resulting from ships route, must be taken into consideration bearing in mind safety conditions such as ships stability and seaworthiness, when the main ships dimensions are being determined.
EN
TEU number, which the container ship is designed for, directly influences the main hull dimensions that are displacement D, length L, breadth B, draught T, their combinations and block coefficient 8. The main dimensions have a great impact on developing the ships resistant performance. Any change in one of the main dimensions causes change in the value of the block coefficient 8 and influences the ship total resistance. Thus, it is really fundamental to establish the correct dimensions of the hull during the design and ship building process. Estimating the shape of the ships hull, that comprises its main dimensions, is one of the basic tasks as part of the preliminary design stage. The most significant decisions determining ships performance, its duration and building costs are made at the beginning of the preliminary stage, before the contract is signed, when the costs are relatively low, up to 4.5% of total costs of technical and working stage. The results of the decision that has been made at the preliminary design stage are significant for the new building ship including its building costs and what is more important, for the ship owner, the ships operational costs. It is important to limit the total ship resistance, for instance, by lowering the wave ship resistance as much as possible, especially when the operational speed and TEU number carried by one vessel is increasing. That resistance depends on the operational speed expressed by Froude number Fn. The resistance criteria and the existing hull dimensions limits, resulting from ships route, must be taken into consideration bearing in mind safety conditions such as ships stability and seaworthiness, when the main ships dimensions are being determined. The main dimensions and their relations concerned with the TEU number of the contemporary container carriers have been presented in the article along with selection methodology of ships main dimensions.
PL