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EN
The research aimed to propose and test a methodology for evaluating spatial aesthetics using a grid of basic fields and comparing them with indicators related to the administrative borders of municipalities. The indicators used in such analysis refer to attributes of the landscape that enable the assessment of its structure and components. This paper proposes a methodology for calculating selected indicators based on available spatial datasets. A mathematical formula was adapted or prepared for each indicator to determine its value using different datasets, including vector databases or raster files. The analyses of space order allowed presenting the spatial distribution in the form of maps and the possibility of adjusting the relevance of individual criteria, weights, and profiles.
PL
Badania miały na celu zaproponowanie i przetestowanie metodologii oceny estetyki przestrzennej przy użyciu siatki pól podstawowych i porównanie ich ze wskaźnikami związanymi z granicami administracyjnymi gmin. Wskaźniki wykorzystywane w takiej analizie odnoszą się do atrybutów krajobrazu, które umożliwiają ocenę jego struktury i komponentów. W artykule zaproponowano metodologię obliczania wybranych wskaźników w oparciu o dostępne zbiory danych przestrzennych. Dla każdego wskaźnika zaadaptowano lub przygotowano formułę matematyczną określającą jego wartość z wykorzystaniem różnych zbiorów danych, w tym wektorowych baz danych lub plików rastrowych. Analizy ładu przestrzennego pozwoliły na przedstawienie rozkładu przestrzennego w postaci map oraz możliwość dostosowania istotności poszczególnych kryteriów, wag i profili.
EN
This paper addresses the nature of Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI), considered as one of the most important concepts to ensure effective functioning in a modern society. It comprises a set of continually developing methods and procedures providing the geospatial base supporting a country’s governmental, environmental, economic, and social activities. In general, the SDI framework consists of the integration of various elements including standards, policies, networks, data, and end users and application areas. The transformation of previously paper-based map data into a digital format, the emergence of GIS, and the Internet and a host of online applications (e.g., environmental impact analysis, navigation, applications of VGI data, governmental efficiency drives) have led to huge leaps forward in SDI development. However, SDI progress can be held back by numerous challenges, both technical and non-technical. The paper outlines these challenges from the perspective of the country of Iraq, where there is an absence of a clear direction towards efficient SDI operation and a lack of knowledge for establishing and managing effective SDI. These challenges could be met by considering and resolving generic issues, identified by the experiences of other nations, by researchers, and by organisations. These issues are investigated and assessed by means of a questionnaire survey and interviews, directed towards important participants in the field of SDI development in the country. The results present the SDI issues in order of relevance to assist developers and users in solving potential SDI and data integration problems within Iraq.
EN
Due to the complexity of planning processes, as well as the desire to satisfy stakeholders and entities involved in spatial development and planning procedures, there is a clear need to create a platform for managing spatial development planning information. The aim of this paper is to present a project and pilot version of an urban platform (spatial planning geoportal), which is intended to be a solution used for the creation, analysis, and presentation of spatial data related to spatial planning. To implement the concept of the geoportal, one of the models used in systems and software engineering known as incremental execution was used, together with the language for documenting phases of an IT project – the Unified Modeling Language (UML). The concept includes a formal description of the geoportal functionalities using UML as well as the perspective of solution users and stakeholders. This paper also shows the functionality of the pilot version of the geoportal, which refers to spatial planning at the local level and local spatial development. The spatial planning geoportal presented in this paper adheres to the reform of spatial planning and is intended to help in conducting spatial policy, both at the local and central level. Establishment of the spatial planning geoportal may contribute to increasing the efficiency and quality of the spatial planning system in Poland, as well as other areas such as management of local government units, local and regional transport, and regional planning.
5
Content available remote Sądowy nalot dywanowy
PL
Celem badań było zaproponowanie i przetestowanie metodyki do oceny estetyki przestrzeni z wykorzystaniem jednostkowych pól odniesienia i porównanie ze wskaźnikami odniesionymi do granic administracyjnych gmin. Wykorzystywane w takiej analizie wskaźniki odnoszą się do atrybutów krajobrazu, które umożliwiają ocenę jego struktury i elementów składowych. W artykule zaproponowano metodykę obliczenia wskaźników na podstawie dostępnych zbiorów danych przestrzennych. Przetestowano ją na wybranych obszarach badawczych tj. powiatu piaseczyńskiego oraz miasta Olsztyn. Do analiz wybrano zestaw dwudziestu pięciu wskaźników, które posłużyły do oceny estetyki krajobrazu. Dla każdego ze wskaźników zaadaptowano lub przygotowano formułę matematyczną, która pozwala na wyznaczenie jego wartości w odniesieniu do pól podstawowych. Zaproponowano trzy profile obserwatorów oceniających krajobraz, z których każdy pokazuje spojrzenie z odmiennej perspektywy: mieszkaniec, ekspert i obserwator neutralny. Przeprowadzone analizy pozwoliły na przedstawienie w postaci map rozkładu przestrzennego atrakcyjności wizualnej krajobrazu na badanych obszarach. Zaprezentowana metodyka pokazuje wskaźnikowe podejście do analizy estetyki krajobrazu z możliwością dostosowania istotności poszczególnych kryteriów i budowania sprofilowanych podejść.
EN
The aim of the research was to propose and test a methodology for evaluating spatial aesthetics using reference fields and comparing with indicators related to the administrative borders of municipalities. The indicators used in such an analysis refer to attributes of the landscape that enable the assessment of its structure and components. This paper proposes a methodology for calculating indicators on the basis of available spatial datasets. It was tested on selected research areas, i.e. the piaseczyński poviat and Olsztyn city. A set of twenty-five indicators was selected for the analyses and used to assess landscape aesthetics. For each indicator, a mathematical formula was adapted or prepared to determine its value in relation to the basic fields. Three profiles of observers assessing the landscape were proposed, each showing a view from a different perspective: resident, expert and neutral observer. The analyses carried out allowed the spatial distribution of landscape visual attractiveness in the study areas to be presented in the form of maps. The methodology shows an indicator approach to the analysis of landscape aesthetics with the possibility of adjusting the relevance of individual criteria and building profiled approaches.
EN
The Statement of Applicability (SoA) is a mandatory document ISMS that you need to develop, prepare, and submit with your ISO 27001, and it is crucial in obtaining your ISO 27001 Risk Assessment and ISMS certification. According to ISO/IEC 27001, Information Security Management System is a collection of ‘that part of the general management system, based on the approach to business risk, to establish, implement, operate, monitor, review, maintain and improve information security. ISO/IEC 27001 specifies the requirements and implementation process for the Information Security Management System. However, implementing this standard without a good SoA document may prove impossible. The article presents a system model for the construction of SoA for ISMS and its certification following the ISO 27001 standard. This model aims to provide instruments for designing and generating an SoA document in relation to ISMS, covering all information processes in GIS. This model allows organizations to evaluate their current state of GIS information asset security implementation according to the best practices defined in ISO/IEC 27001. The proprietary model proposed in this article is assessed from a multi-stage perspective, which confirms that the proposed draft Statement of Use document makes a valuable and innovative contribution to information security management by considering the best practices in this field.
EN
The Water Management Information System is an important instrument of water resource management that enables the collection, processing, publishing and sharing of water management data. The Water Management Information System is an integral part of proper and effective water management, the vision of which has been shaped over the last decades, transforming into an increasingly effective system adapted to the applicable legal and organizational conditions. The main feature of the information system is its multi-tier nature, providing access to other information resources, which will allow the utilization of data imported from other thematic databases. In this manner, on the basis of appropriate regulations, access to current data from various sources, a uniform reference system and proper use of water management data in planning and programming socio-economic development will be ensured. In the paper, WIMS will be characterized as a public register, taking into account the categories of data collected in the context of restricting access to data. The subject of the considerations will be the identification of important elements in the field of ensuring access to information on water management, as well as its dissemination through the WMIS.
9
Content available Hacking in the (cyber)space
EN
The article analyzes the concept of hacking, taking into account its evolution from a neutral term that means going beyond specific schemes of action to a negative context in which the concept is often equated with a cyber-security breach or cyber- crime. A study of the understanding of the concept of space and cyberspace, as well as selected cyber threats, shows the impact of the development of modern technologies on the blurring of the boundaries between real and virtual space. Based on selected cases in the field of cybercrime, the specific features of actions in cyberspace and their effects in the real world are indicated. New methods of cybercriminals open up new areas of criminological research on the geography of crime. The paper points out the involvement of State-Actors in cyber attacks, which makes it challenging to eliminate safe harbors for cyber criminals and reduces the effectiveness of instruments of international cooperation in criminal cases.
EN
The article aims to outline the divergence between authorities on publicly available spatial data in Poland, using the example of a dispute between the Polish Data Protection Authority and the Surveyor General of Poland concerning the publication of the numbers of land and mortgage register on the Polish spatial information website Geoportal. The issues of whether the number of the land and mortgage register is personal data and grounds for processing land register numbers from the DPA’s and Surveyor General’s perspectives are analyzed. Then, the reasons for this conflict and, more broadly, for disputes between authorities are examined. It is hypothesized that the main reason for this dispute is that the different aims drive different authorities empowered in the regulation of processing publicly available data.
11
Content available remote Za dużo i za mało
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Content available remote Wyniki analiz od ręki
13
Content available remote Wymierny zysk z zasobu
14
Content available remote W labiryncie usług
15
Content available remote Utajnianie w epoce Google'a
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Content available remote Od katastru 3D uciec się nie da
18
Content available remote Korzystna inflacja danych na budowie
19
Content available remote Jeszcze więcej analiz
20
Content available remote Geodane na ratunek światu
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