This article presents the test results of reinforced concrete beams with different percentages of reinforcement damage. One of the main causes of structural damage is corrosion. The main cause of corrosion is an aggressive environment, which can endanger the environmental ecology. During the study, the effect of damage to reinforced concrete beams was investigated. The beams were produced full-sized, 100x200x2100 mm. According to the research program, 6 beams were tested, including undamaged control samples with a single reinforcement bar of ∅20 mm - BC-1 and BC-2; samples with a reinforcement bar of ∅20 mm with about 10% damage - BD-3 and BD-4; samples with a reinforcement bar of ∅20 mm with about 20% damage - BD-5 and BD-6. The reinforcement bar was damaged before concreting the samples. As a result, it was determined that a reduction in the bearing-capacity of the reinforced concrete beams depended on the percentage of damage to the reinforcement bar.
The main issue of the article is the corrosion of the reinforced concrete elements by the co-influence of the aggressive and power factors. The problem of corrosion is extremely actual one. Therefore the tests were carried out upon the specimens considering the corrosion in the acid environment, namely 10 % H2SO4. The acid environment H2SO4 was taken as a model of the aggressive environment. Conclusions concerning the corrosion model of the cross section and investigation of stress-strain state have been made. That material concerns the problem of the reinforced concrete corrosion as a whole construction. Reinforced concrete beams were tested with and without the co-action of the aggressive environment and power factor.
In this work on the basis of the developed and tested mathematical model, the numerical experiment is conducted in order to study in more detail the specifics of performance of concrete beams` with combined reinforcement. For this purpose nine series of reinforced concrete beams with different combination of steel bars (A400C, At800, A1000) and ribbon reinforcement (C275) were modeled. In the developed series two classes of concrete were used: C50/60, C35/45. The functions derived on the basis of mathematical modeling allow us to determine the recommended percentage of high-strength reinforcement of common reinforced concrete structures with single reinforcement. Therefore, the possibility is obtained to reduce the total structures` reinforcement percentage, increasing their deformability by the specified value without affecting the bearing capacity.
The stress-strain state of reinforced concrete elements is rather complicated issue of scientific research, which integrates different factors, such as the load type, atmospheric conditions, various defects, damages, geometric deviations. It is commonly known that corrosion of reinforced concrete elements affects both the strength and deformation parameters of the structure significantly; thus, internal stresses` parameters are also influenced. Therefore, detailed theoretical investigation of this issue is the main goal of this article. The detailed literature review and thorough analysis was conducted concerning previous experimental and theoretical studies of the corrosion defects` influence on the reinforced concrete elements` stress-strain state. Existing data and results were systematized and analyzed. On the basis of provided research it could be concluded that the reinforced concrete elements` stressstrain state greatly depends on existing damages and impurities. The stress-strain state could be complicated on micro-scale due to material chemical and mechanical peculiarities; simultaneously on macro-scale the bearing capacity is of the structure could be reduced in general. In the articles existing methods for this issue simulation and evaluation are described and perspective fields for further research are identified. The practical significance of the article is due to complex approach to the research and multilateral identification of the main issue key points.
Remarkable place of reinforced concrete structures in construction field has been noted in wide number of recent researches. Subsequently, their degradation due to aggressive environment has become the topical problem nowadays. Therefore, the formulation of reliable technique for corroded element strength decrement is of great importance, and could be achieved only with the use of complex experimental and theoretical analysis. In this article an attempt is made to propose the mathematical approach to corrosive process modelling, taking into consideration the specifics of its development. According to thorough literature review on existing studies, main specifics of the process were indicated for further suppositions and assumptions formulation. Accordingly, the complex theoretical investigation with corresponding mathematical computations was conducted and results of analytical modelling were discussed. As the initial data for analytical modelling results of previously conducted experiments were used. Analysis of the obtained results shows rather high correspondence with the real conditions of structural element exploitation, taking into consideration material anisotropy and complexity of the corroded zone spread along the rebar cross-section. Proposed methodology for limit force decrease evaluation in general demonstrates reliable results and could be used for further evaluation of corrosion impacts on reinforced concrete elements bearing capacity.
In this article presented results of researching corrosion of steel bars in aggressive environment in time under loading. For researching were used special equipment. The experience and research works shown that steel bars in the crack cross-section area can be corrode. With increasing width of crack in re-bars and power of aggressive of environment increased the level of corrosion and decreased time of progress. The level of danger of corrosion in the crack in depend of specialty of steel bars. It is geometry parameters of steel bars and characteristic of corrosive behaviour. The general tendency of the influence of various defects on the strength of steels is widely studied experimentally and theoretically only for geometrically correct stress concentrators. For damages that are irregular in shape, such as corrosion ulcers, significantly less researching in each case must experiment to find their effect on the mechanical properties of steels. In this work the influence of simultaneous action of the aggressive environment and loading on strength of steel rebars has been described.
This article presented results of impact corrosion on reinforce concrete beams during time with previous loading. Before testing the RC beams were loaded by 37% and 75% from bearing-capacity load of undamaged corrosion beams. There were tested two types of beams. First type beams were tested under force loading action and second type beams were tested under force loading and corrosion action. As an aggressive environment were used the 10% solution of sulfuric acid H2SO4. Such environment takes place in separate chemical manufactures, galvanic workshops, flue pipes of thermal power plants. The results of experimental studies have established that the effect of the aggressive environment with simultaneous loading significantly impairs the stress-strain state of reinforced concrete beams. Bearing capacity due to the yielding of reinforcement bars for specimens with the simultaneous action of aggressive environment and previous loading of 37% and 75% takes place on 51…53 and 58…60 days. The destruction of these specimens, by crushing compressive concrete, at previous loading 37% occurred after 75…79 and at previous loading 75% - after 79…88 days. The history loading does not impact significantly on beams failure, on finite deflections and timing exhaustion bearing capacity since the start of the simultaneous action of aggressive environment and loading.
The use of computers provides the opportunity to analyse and design complex structures, taking into account the geometric and physical nonlinearity of construction materials. In the article the study of stress-strain state of mixed steelconcrete beams, were presented. The results of this study showed that the method of calculation according to designe codes gave satisfactorily results of calculated strength compared with experiments. However, these methodes do not provide complete information of structural performance at all levels of load. For a more complete study of the stress-strain state and the physical nature of the processes occurring in steel-concrete structures reinforced with a mixed reinforcement, the calculation method using "Lira" software complex is proposed. The method of calculation is based on the finite element method. The calculation is made taking into account physical nonlinearity and real diagrams of σ-ε of materials using the nonlinear deformation law №14 of "Lira" software complex. The proposed method of calculation allows to determine the values of bearing capacity, the development of deformations and the beginning of crack formation, as well as stresses at all load levels.