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A simple mathematical model for the temperature evolution in the cornea exposed to short-pulsed Ho: YAG laser under Laser Thermo Keratoplasty (LTK) treatment is developed by incorporating both the heat flux phase-lag and temperature gradient phase-lag in Fourier’s heat transfer model. An analytical solution to the mathematical model is obtained using the Laplace transformation technique. The computational results for the temperature profile and the temperature variation with time are presented through the graphs. The effect of some typical parameters: the heat flux phase-lag and the temperature gradient phase-lag on the temperature distribution and temperature variations are illustrated and discussed.
Heat transfer processes occurring in the micro-domains can be described using the dual-phase lag equation (DPLE). This equation can be applied as a model of heating of the thin metal film subjected to the femtosecond laser pulse. In the paper, the 1D dual phase lag equation containing the additional internal heat source resulting from the laser pulse irradiation and supplemented by the appropriate boundary and initial conditions is considered. Appearing in this equation two lag times τq the phase lag of the heat flux) and τT (the phase lag of the temperature gradient) are taken into account. An analytical solution of this equation under the assumption that τT > τq is presented. The separation of the variables technique and the Green’s function method are used in order to find this solution. In the final part of the paper, the example of computations is presented.
Content available Heat flux formulation for 1D dual-phase lag equation
The thin metal film subjected to the ultra-short laser pulse is analyzed. Heat transfer processes occurring in the domain considered are described by the dual-phase lag model in which the unknown is the heat flux, not, as usual, temperature. This approach is especially convenient in the case of Neumann boundary conditions, which are taken into account here. The mathematical model supplemented by initial conditions is solved using the explicit scheme of finite difference method. In the final part of the paper the examples of computations are shown and the conclusions are formulated.
The dual phase lag equation describing the temperature field in a 3D domain is considered. This equation supplemented by boundary and initial conditions is solved by means of the boundary element method using discretization in time, while at the same time the Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions are taken into account. Numerical realization of the BEM for the constant boundary elements and constant internal cells is presented. The example of computations concerns the temperature field distribution in a heated domain. The conclusions connected with the proper choice of time step and discretization of the domain considered are formulated.
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