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EN
The study presents the influence of the anti-wear coatings and the type of material from which the cutting tools are made of on the cutting temperature occurring on the tool. The cutting tools made of boron nitride and tungsten carbide composite were investigated. The methodology of measuring the cutting temperature using the thermoelement and thermovision techniques was presented. The results of the temperature measurements occurring on the cutting tool in the cutting zone were compared. The paper also presents a method of determining the effective emissivity of the tested tools, necessary for the correct temperature measurement using the non-contact method. The obtained data were interpreted and the relationships described, and then the results obtained were discussed.
EN
The paper shows the construction and control of a climatic chamber used for the credibility evaluation of the profilometic measurements. The paper presents a control model using a PID controller and a solution for air circulation. The data regarding the influence of environmental temperature changes on the three-dimensional representation of the surface realized by means of a tactile profilometer were presented. This work shows the temperature characteristics of a climatic chamber.
3
Content available remote Bezstykowe pomiary nierówności powierzchni. Cz. 1
PL
Stykowe metody pomiaru nierówności powierzchni nazywane powszechnie (choć nie do końca zgodnie z prawdą) metodami pomiaru chropowatości od wielu lat są najpopularniejsze w praktyce przemysłowej.
4
Content available remote Bestykowe pomiary nierówności powierzchni. Cz. 2
PL
Artykuł stanowi kontynuację tekstu opublikowanego w wydaniu 3-4/2019 czasopisma „STAL Metale & Nowe Technologie”, w którym opisane i scharakteryzowane zostały bezstykowe metody analizy struktury geometrycznej powierzchni.
5
Content available remote Perspectives of modern metrology
EN
The most up-to-date trends in development of length and angle metrology were presented. This development falls within a concept of Industry 4.0 and is understood as Metrology 4.0. Basic elements of these concepts and their connections were shown during years in relation to consecutive industrial revolutions. Specific issues regarding additive technologies were described with a view to functional filtration. Achievements of coordinate measuring technique in macro scale were also presented including optical scanning and computed tomography. In conclusions standardization works regarding the mentioned topics were described.
PL
Zaprezentowano najnowsze kierunki rozwoju metrologii długości i kąta. Rozwój ten wpisuje się w strategię przemysłu 4.0 i jest określany jako metrologia 4.0. Przedstawiono zasadnicze elementy tych koncepcji i ich powiązanie na tle kolejnych rewolucji przemysłowych. Omówiono specyfikę pomiarów w technikach przyrostowych z uwzględnieniem filtracji funkcjonalnej, a także osiągnięcia współrzędnościowej techniki pomiarowej w skali makro, włącznie ze skanowaniem optycznym i tomografią komputerową. W podsumowaniu zestawiono prace normalizacyjne prowadzone w omawianym zakresie.
6
Content available Morphological filtration of two-process profiles
EN
Applications of morphological filters for two-process profiles were analysed. Dilation, closing and alternating sequential (closing + opening) filters were used with a circle (disk) as a structuring element. An original method of a disk radius selection was elaborated for two-process profiles. This procedure was applied for many simulated and measured profiles. Behaviors of morphological filters were compared with those of double Gaussian (Rk) filter. Robust filter was also taken into consideration. In calculation, TalyMap software was used. The proposed procedure was found to be very useful. It was developed for 2D profiles but it can be easily extended for an areal (3D) surface topography filtering. From among morphological filters, the alternate sequential filter is suggested.
EN
The subject of the article is an attempt to determine the impact of the applied measurement strategy on the accuracy of the measurement result. This problem is particularly crucial when measuring large objects. In these cases, it is not always possible to provide ideal conditions for the submission of particular scans. It is necessary to adjust the strategy to specific imposed conditions defined by the geometry of the object and to the time frame of the measurement itself. With regard to the above, an attempt was made to carry out a series of accuracy studies testing the structural light scanner while measuring elements of overall dimensions greater than the measuring capacity of the scanner. At the same time, various potential measuring strategies were simulated in practical applications. Our studies were conducted using a pre-designed test template with a defined distribution pattern of reference points and geometrical elements. Moreover, in order to make an in-depth investigation of the issue, some trials were undertaken with the use of limiting parameters. That means the scanner had both an excess and shortage of information required for a correct assembly of scans. Those scopes were taken into consideration in the study in order to use the acquired knowledge in practical measuring applications. Furthermore, conclusions from the conducted studies indicate peaks and troughs of respective measuring strategies with special care for determining relationships among the used strategies and the measuring accuracy parameters.
EN
The article presents the analysis of the influence of various fixtures of the Y-axis slide of the CMX 70U machining center measured in a coordinate measuring machine. As a result of a series of measurements of the designated geometric features, specific deviations were determined, and statistical calculations were performed on their basis. The further part of the article shows the analysis of the theoretical body deflection under the influence of the force of gravity performed using the MES method in CREO Simulate.
EN
Nowadays, coordinate measuring machines (CMM) are featured by a great degree of complexity and high accuracy of manufacturing. During use of a machine, usually after periodical maintenance it is highly recommended to perform a verification test according to the same procedures as a standard verification test, including a difference that performance conformity is checked with user’s declaration. Periodical verification should be performed as often as it comes from a user’s experience and after every interference influencing mechanical and electronic systems of a CMM that could potentially cause a change in its accuracy parameters. The best solution is employing for that purpose an independent accredited laboratory that is featured by high competence and experience. In the paper rules of acceptance and periodical verifications are described, sources of measurement errors resulting from CMM imperfections are presented as well as examples of results for specific measurement devices installed in industry were shown.
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