The migration of low molecular weight compounds is one of the most important problems associated with the packaging of plastics and other plastics intended for contact with food products. Bisphenol A (BPA) is one of the most common migration substances. Bisphenol A (BPA, 2,2-bis (4-hydroxyphenyl) propane) is used in the production of containers, such as baby bottles and resins, which line metal cans for food and drink. BPA is also used as a plasticizer to soften and increase flexibility in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) products. It also has medical applications in dental sealants and composites used for filling. BPA attracts special attention of scientists due to widespread use in food packaging. It has been observed to occur in large quantities in human body fluids, disrupting the endocrine system. Developing fetuses, infants, children and pregnant women are most at risk of BPA exposure. There are also some concerns about the negative effects of BPA exposure in adult men, as bisphenol A may cause production abnormalities, thereby disrupting sex hormone production and fertility. An extensive literature search showed 49 studies linking BPA to human health. This review presents literature showing the relationship between BPA exposure and adverse health effects in the perinatal, pediatric and adult periods, including effects on reproduction, metabolic diseases and other health effects. These studies cover both prenatal and postnatal exposure, and include several study regimens and population types, which provides increasing support that BPA exposure can be harmful to humans, especially regarding behavioral effects in children.