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EN
A propeller shaft generally experiences three linear forces and three moments, the most important of which are thrust, torque, and lateral forces (horizontal and vertical). Thus, we consider 4DOFs (degrees of freedom) of propeller shaft vibrations. This paper is presented to obtain the vibration equations of the various coupled vibrations of the propeller shaft at the stern of a ship (including coupled torsional-axial, torsional-lateral, axial-lateral, torsional-axial, and lateral vibrations). We focused on the added hydrodynamic forces (added mass and added damping forces) due to the location of the propeller behind the ship. In this regard, the 4DOFs of the coupled vibration (torsional-longitudinal and lateral vibrations in the horizontal and vertical directions) equations of shaft and propeller systems located behind a ship were extracted with and without added mass and damping forces. Also, the effect of mass eccentricity was considered on vibrations occurring at the rear of the ship.
EN
In this paper, the second-order hydrodynamic force on fixed and floating tandem cylinders has been calculated and different parameters have been taken into consideration. An incident wave is diffracted by the fixed cylinder, and as a result low-frequency waves radiate toward the floating cylinder and cause low-frequency second-order hydrodynamic forces to act on the surface of the floating cylinder. The interactions between the fixed and floating cylinders have been investigated by changing the distance between them, as well as the draft and radius of the floating cylinder. By employing perturbation series analysis over the wetted surface, the second-order wave excitation force has been calculated. The maximum force applied on the floating cylinder becomes non-dimensional when considering it with and without the fixed cylinder. The results showed the effect that the existence of the fixed cylinder had on the increase in the second-order forces is quite evident where, for a significant parameter of the floating cylinder, the force in the heave direction was enhanced by up to 1.55 times.
EN
The presented paper numerically carries out the investigation of the hydrodynamic performance of the propeller behind the ship with and without wake equalizing duct (WED). It is mounted in front of the propeller in order to equalize the ship’s wake flow and improve the propeller performance. The computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis software STAR-CCM solver was adopted to simulate the KP505 propeller behind the KRISO container ship (KCS) using overlapping grid technology and user-defined functions. To obtain the effect of a –duct on propeller performance, the ship bare hull case, the with-propeller case, and the with-propeller-and-duct case are also computed. Together, these computations provide for a –complete CFD comparison of the duct effects. Also, the Taguchi design of the experiment method is applied to investigate three parameters (angle of attack, trailing edge radius, and chord length) of the duct. Finally, the main dimensions are obtained, and the thrust and torque coefficients are presented and discussed for one blade and whole blades during one cycle. Based on the numerical results, it is indicated that good design increases efficiency by 1.67%, and a –bad design may reduce efficiency by 3.25%. Also, the effect of the WED caused to decrease the pressure pulse by 35.9% in the face side of the propeller blade.
EN
This paper presents the calculation of the hydrodynamic drift force by using the potetial-based boundary element method (BEM). The potential theory and far-field wave drift forces solution will be described. The comparison of non-dimensional drift force for surge and heave motions are in good agreement between numerical and experimental data. The effect of different drafts and the radius of a cylinder on the drift forces (surge, heave and pitch) are presented and discussed.
EN
The purpose of this research was to investigate the power and thrust coefficients of a horizontal axis tidal stream turbine (HATST) with different blade geometries, including twist angles, blade numbers, and section profiles. The RANS equations and Star-CCM+ commercial software were used to numerically analyze these variables. Furthermore, the turbulence model used in this study is a Realisable k-ε turbulent model. Nine different models were defined by changing the twist angle, thickness, camber, and blade numbers. The results are presented, and the power and thrust coefficients are compared against TSR for each of the nine different models. The pressure distribution and flow velocity contour are also presented and discussed.
EN
This study deals with a new concept of near-shore combined renewable energy system which integrates a monopile wind turbine and a floating buoy with heave-type wave energy converter( WEC). Wave energy is absorbed by power-take-off (PTO) systems. Four different shapes of buoy model are selected for this study. Power performance in regular waves is calculated by using boundary element method in ANSYS-AQWA software in both time and frequency domains. This software is based on three-dimensional radiation/diffraction theory and Morison’s equation using mixture of panels and Morison elements for determining hydrodynamic loads. For validation of the approach the numerical results of the main dynamic responses of WEC in regular wave are compared with the available experimental data. The effects of the heaving buoy geometry on the main dynamic responses such as added mass, damping coefficient, heave motion, PTO damping force and mean power of various model shapes of WEC in regular waves with different periods, are compared and discussed. Comparison of the results showed that using WECs with a curvature inward in the bottom would absorb more energy from sea waves.
EN
In this paper, the characteristics of the flow and forced heat transfer of power law non-Newtonian fluids that flow around a quadrilateral and rectangular cylinder that are located in a 2D channel are investigated by use of the finite volume method (FVM) in a steady state flow regime. To this accomplishment, in the constant temperature, the effects of a different obstruction ratio, aspect ratio and Reynolds number are investigated. The Reynolds number in the range 5 ≤ Re ≤ 40, the power index in the range 0.5 ≤ n ≤ 1.4, the aspect ratio in the range 0.5 ≤ a ≤ 2, and the obstruction ratio in the range 0.125 ≤ b ≤ 0.5 were selected. By surveying the drag coefficient profiles, it’s concluded that as the obstruction ratio increases, the drag coefficient is increased, while an increase in the Reynolds number causes the lower drag coefficient. In addition, the drag coefficient is strongly increased by aspect ratio enhancements.
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