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http://yadda.icm.edu.pl:80/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-fd0e7b48-890a-4bf4-8e05-84194a2a07d5

Czasopismo

Journal of KONES

Tytuł artykułu

Evaluation of emission level of biofuels from waste-free production in compression-ignition engines

Autorzy Kurczyna, D.  Kołodziejczyk, K.  Sznyr, J.  Kruczyński, S. W.  Orliński, P.  Wojs, M. K. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
Abstrakty
EN This article presents the impact of biofuel for compression-ignition engines, produced with the use of innovative production technology, on the emission of toxic substances. The innovative production technology of biodiesel does not generate by-products, eliminating the need for development glycerol fraction and toxic methanol, substances inconvenient for environment. This technology is not currently well known and not used on an industrial scale. The essence of this technology is to carry out the transesterification of triglycerides and methyl acetate in special conditions and with using an alkaline catalyst. The only product of this technology is a mixture of fatty acid methyl esters and glycerol triacetate (no by-products). In the first part of the article, selected physical and chemical properties of such biofuel in comparison to the limits specified in the standard quality requirements for this type of products (EN 14214) were discussed. In the next part, the results of empirical studies were evaluated, showing the influence of speed and load conditions in test engine Perkins 1104C-E44TA on concentrations of harmful components in the exhaust gases such as carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, hydrocarbons, particulates. Engine tests were performed with using biofuels selected by the authors. The measurement system, consisted of an AVL CEB II gas analyser and MEXA-1230PM device for measure of particulate matter in real time, to measure the concentrations of toxic exhaust components was used. Based on the concentration of toxic components of exhaust gases according to Test C1 according to ISO 8178, the emission of the above-mentioned normalized toxic components of exhaust gases was determined. In the final part of the article, the results of empirical studies on the concentrations of toxic exhaust gases in the linear-point diagrams, and emission in the bar chart diagrams were presented.
Słowa kluczowe
EN biodiesel   waste-free production technology   exhaust emission  
Wydawca Institute of Aviation
Czasopismo Journal of KONES
Rocznik 2016
Tom Vol. 23, No. 1
Strony 185--191
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 12 poz., rys.
Twórcy
autor Kurczyna, D.
  • Polmax S.A. S.K.A., Department of Research & Development Poznanska Street 58, 66-200 Świebodzin, Poland tel.:+48 68 38 161 03, +48 604 078 042, +48 662 035 302, fax: +48 68 38 161 04, dagmarakurczyna@polmaxsa.pl
autor Kołodziejczyk, K.
  • Polmax S.A. S.K.A., Department of Research & Development Poznanska Street 58, 66-200 Świebodzin, Poland tel.:+48 68 38 161 03, +48 604 078 042, +48 662 035 302, fax: +48 68 38 161 04, krzysztof.kolodziejczyk@polmaxsa.pl
autor Sznyr, J.
  • Polmax S.A. S.K.A., Department of Research & Development Poznanska Street 58, 66-200 Świebodzin, Poland tel.:+48 68 38 161 03, +48 604 078 042, +48 662 035 302, fax: +48 68 38 161 04, laboratorium@polmaxsa.pl
autor Kruczyński, S. W.
  • Warsaw University of Technology, Institute of Vehicles Narbutta Street 84, 02-524 Warsaw, Poland tel.:+48 22 234 8781, +48 22 234 8566, +48 22 234 8392, fax: +48 22 849 03 03, skruczyn@simr.pw.edu.pl
autor Orliński, P.
  • Warsaw University of Technology, Institute of Vehicles Narbutta Street 84, 02-524 Warsaw, Poland tel.:+48 22 234 8781, +48 22 234 8566, +48 22 234 8392, fax: +48 22 849 03 03, p.orlinski@simr.pw.edu.pl
autor Wojs, M. K.
  • Warsaw University of Technology, Institute of Vehicles Narbutta Street 84, 02-524 Warsaw, Poland tel.:+48 22 234 8781, +48 22 234 8566, +48 22 234 8392, fax: +48 22 849 03 03, mwojs@simr.pw.edu.pl
Bibliografia
[1] Ambrozik, A., Ambrozik, T., Kurczyński, D., Łagowski, P., Stężenia i emisyjność składników spalin silnika 1.3 Multijet SDE 90 KM, Zeszyty Naukowe Instytutu Pojazdów, Vol. 87, No. 1, pp. 107-118, 2012.
[2] Atadashi, I. M., Aroua, M. K., Aziz, A. A., High quality biodiesel and its diesel engine application: a review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol 14, No. 7, pp. 1999-2008, 2010.
[3] Demirbas, A., Progress and recent trends in biofuels, Progr. Energy Comb. Sci., Vol. 33, No. 1, 2007.
[4] Gole, V. L., Gogate, P. R., Intensification of synthesis of biodiesel from non-edible oil using sequential combination of microwave and ultrasound, Fuel Processing Technology, Vol. 106, pp. 62-69, 2013.
[5] Karikalan, L.,Chandrasekaran, M., Sudhagar, K., Comparative studies on vegetable oil usage in CI engines as an alternative to diesel fuel, IREME Journal, Vol. 7, No. 4, pp. 705-715, 2013.
[6] Kruczyński, S., Orliński, P., Combustion of methyl esters of various origins in the agricultural engine, Indian Journal of Engineering & Materials Sciences, Vol 20, No. 6, pp. 483-491, 2013.
[7] Orliński, P., Wybrane zagadnienia procesu spalania paliw pochodzenia roślinnego w silnikach o zapłonie samoczynnym, Instytut Naukowo-Wydawniczy SPATIUM, p. 144, 2013.
[8] PN-EN 14214, Liquid petroleum products - Fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) for use in diesel engines and heating applications - Requirements and test methods. PKN, 2014.
[9] Ramadhas, A. S., Jayaraj, S., Muraleedharan, C., Use of vegetable oils as IC engine fuels, A review, Renewable energy, Vol. 29, No. 5, pp. 727-742, 2004.
[10] Sheng, Ho, W. W., Kiat, Ng, H., Gan, S., Advances in ultrasound-assisted transesterification for biodiesel production, Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 100, pp. 553-563, 2016.
[11] Van Gerpen, J., Biodiesel processing and production, Fuel Process. Technol., Vol. 86, No. 10, pp. 1097-1107, 2005.
[12] Voegele, E., Glycerin’s Role in 2009, Biodiesel Magazine, December 2008.
Uwagi
PL Opracowanie ze środków MNiSW w ramach umowy 812/P-DUN/2016 na działalność upowszechniającą naukę.
Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-fd0e7b48-890a-4bf4-8e05-84194a2a07d5
Identyfikatory
DOI 10.5604/12314005.1213560