Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
Tytuł artykułu

Evaluating the toxicity of reactive dyes and fabrics with the spermatozoa motility inhibition test

Wybrane pełne teksty z tego czasopisma
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
In this study, the toxicity of reactive dyes and dyed fabrics was investigated using spermatozoa cells in vitro. Boar semen was exposed to different concentrations of monochlorotriazinyl dyes: yellow, red and blue. The spermatozoa cells were also exposed to extracts of dyed fabrics. After 24 and 72 hours respectively, the viability of the cells was evaluated by microscopy. The mean inhibitor concentrations IC50, showing the concentration of the dye when half of the cells are dead compared to the control sample, were calculated from the viability values. After 24 hours' exposure, the IC50 value calculated for the yellow dye was 135µg/ml, and after 72 hours 60µg/ml. The IC50 value for the red dye was 124µg/ml after 24 hours, and 46µg/ml after 72 hours. The IC50 value for the blue dye after 24 hours was 127µg/ml. After 72 hours, the blue dye caused high toxicity: more than half the cells were dead. Cotton fabrics dyed using these three reactive dyestuffs were extracted by water and analysed by the spermatozoa motility inhibition test. The viability of the cells when exposed to fabric extracts was good. However, after 72 hours' exposure, the standard deviation and coefficient of variation values for cell viability of fabric extracts were large. The spermatozoa inhibition test indicated the toxicity of pure dyes, the dyed fabrics having no adverse effects. The spermatozoa test seems to be useful when screening different substances and when used in addition to other tests. The spermatozoa motility inhibition test can be used for textile material studies.
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 26 poz.
  • University of Kuopio, Institute of Applied Biotechnology; P.O.Box 1627, FIN-70211 Kuopio, Finland tel: + 358 505954178,
  • University of Kuopio, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology P.O.Box 1627, FIN-70211 Kuopio, Finland,
  • University of Huddersfield, Department of Design; Queensgate, Huddersfield, HD1 3DH, UK tel: +44 1484 472054,
  • 1. Andersson M., Bacterial Diversity and Toxicity in Air, Indoor Environment and Foods. Gummerus Oy, Saarijärvi 1999.
  • 2. Birhanli, A., Ozmen, M. Evaluation of toxicity and teratogenity of six commercial textile dyes using the frog embryo teratogenesis assay - Xenopus. Drug and Chemical Toxicologies. 2005, 28 (1), 51-65.
  • 3. The Chemical Safety data Sheets after 2001/58/EY; Drimarene yellow CL-2R, Drimarene blue CL- 2RL, Drimarene red CL-5B ( index numbers CI: RR241, RY176, the blue colour number unknown ).
  • 4. De Roos, A.J., Ray, R.M., Gao, D.L.,Wernli, K.J., Fitzgibbons, E.D., Ziding, F., Astrakianakis, G., Thoma, D.B., Checkoway, H. Colorectal Cancer Incidence Among Female Textile Workers in Shanghai, China: A Case -cohort Analysis of Occupational Exposures. Cancer Causes and Control, 2005, 16 (10),1177-1188.
  • 5. Docker,A., Wattie, J.M., Topping, M.D., Luczynska, C.M., Newman Taylor, A.J., Pickering, C.A.C., Thomas, P., Gompertz, D. Clinical and immunological investigations of respiratory disease in workers using reactive dyes. British Journal of Industrial medicine. 1987, 44 (8), 534-541.
  • 6. Dogan, E.E., Yesilada, E.; Ozata, L., Yologlu, S. Genotoxicity testing of four textile dyes in two crosses of Drosophila using wing somatic mutation and recombination test. Drug and Chemical Toxicologies. 2005, 28 (3), 289-301.
  • 7. Estlander, T. Allergic dermatoses and respiratory diseases from reactive dyes. Contact Dermatitis, 1988, 18 (5), 290 - 297.
  • 8. Gao D.; Mazur P., Crittser J.K. Fundamental cryobiology of mammalian spermatozoa. In Reproductive Tissue Banking Scientific Principles. Edited by A. Karow and J. Critser, p. 263-312. Academic Press London, 1997.
  • 9. Gohl, E.P.G., Vilensky L.D. Textile science. Longman Cheshire Pty Ltd, Melbourne 1983.
  • 10. Gonzales C.A., Riboli E., Lopez-Abente G. Bladder Cancer among Workers in the Textile Industry: Results of a Spanish Case-Control Study. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 1988, 14 (6), 673-680.
  • 11. Hatch, K.L. Chemicals and textiles, Part 1. Dermatological problems related to fiber content and dyes. Textile Research Journal, 1984, 54 (10), 664-682.
  • 12. Hatch K. L., Maibach H.I. Textile dye dermatitis. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 1995, 32 (4), 631-639.
  • 13. Keneklis, T. Fiber-reactive Dye Toxicological Profiles. U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, Washington, D.C., 1981, Contact No.CPSC-C-81-1110, p.271.
  • 14. Kopponen P., Asikainen M., Törrönen R., Klemola K., Liesivuori J., Kärenlampi S. In Vitro Analysis of Textile Dyes and Extracts of Dyed/Finished Fabrics. Atla, 1997, 25, 539-546.
  • 15. Mann T., Lutwak-Mann C. Male reproductive function and semen, p 10 - 250. Springer Verlag, Heidelberg 1982.
  • 16. Mathur, N., Bathnagar, P., Nagar, P., Bijarnia, M.K. Mutagenicity assessment of effluents from textile/dye industries of Sanganer, Jaipur (India): a case study. Ecotoxicology and Environmental safety. 2005, 61 (1), 105-113.
  • 17. Nilsson, R., Nordlinder, R., Wass, U., Meding, B., Belin, L. Asthma, Rhinitis, and Dermatitis in Workers Exposed to Reactive Dyes. British Journal of Industrial Medicine. 1993, 50 (1), 65-70.
  • 18. [18] Park, H.S., Lee, M.K., Kim, B.O., Lee, K.J., Roh J.H., Moon, Y.H., Hong C-S. Clinical and Immunologic Evaluations of Reactive Dye-Exposed Workers. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 1991, 87 (3), 639-649
  • 19. Przybojewska B., Baranski B., Spiechowicz E., Szymczak W. Mutagenic and Genotoxic Activity of Chosen Dyes and Surface Active Compounds Used in the Textile Industry. Polish Journal of Occupational Medicine, 1989, 2 (2), 171-185.
  • 20. Topping, M.D., Forster H.W., Ide C.W.; Kennedy, F.M., Leach, A.M., Sorkin, S. Respiratory allergy and specific immunoglobin E and immunoglobin G antibodies to reactive dyes used in the wool industry. Journal of Occupational Medicine, 1989, 31 (10), 857 - 862.
  • 21. Trotman, E.R., Dyeing and chemical technology of textile fibres. Charles Griffin & Co Ltd, Worcester 1984.
  • 22. Wang, C., Yediler, A., Lienert, D., Wang, Z., Kettrup, A. Toxicity evaluation of reactive dyestuffs, auxiliaries and selected effluents in textile finishing industry to luminescent bacteria Vibrio fischeri. Chemosphere, 2002, 46 (2), 339-344.
  • 23. Wilkinson, S.M., McGeachan, K. Occupational Allergic Contact Dermatitis from Reactive Dyes. Contact Dermatitis, 1996, 35 (6), 376 - 378.
  • 24. Wollin, K.M., Gorlitz, B.D. Comparison of genotoxicity of textile dyestuffs in Salmonella mutagenicity assay, in vitro micronucleus assay, and single cell gel/comet assay. Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology. 2004, 23 (4), 267-278.
  • 25. Zeng Y., Clarke E., Florman H.M. Sperm membrane potential: Hyperpolarisation duringcapacitation regulates zona pellucida-dependent acrosomal secretion. Dev. Biol. 1995, 171, 554-563.
  • 26. Öko-Tex Standard 100, Textilveredlung 32 (1997), Nr 7/8.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.