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Comparison of numerical and experimental study of armour system based on alumina and silicon carbide ceramics

Treść / Zawartość
Identyfikatory
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The main goal of this numerical and experimental study of composite armour systems was to investigate their ballistic behaviour. Numerical simulations were employed to determine the initial dimensions of panel layers before the actual ballistic test. In order to achieve this aim, multivariate computations with different thicknesses of panel layers were conducted. Numerical calculations were performed with the finite element method in the LS-DYNA software, which is a commonly used tool for solving problems associated with shock wave propagation, blasts and impacts. An axisymmetric model was built in order to ensure sufficient discretization. Results of a simulation study allowed thicknesses of layers ensuring assumed level of protection to be determined. According to the simulation results two armour configurations with different ceramics have been fabricated. The composite armour systems consisted of the front layer made of Al2O3 or SiC ceramic and high strength steel as the backing material. The ballistic performance of the proposed protective structures were tested with the use of 7.62 mm Armour Piercing (AP) projectile. A comparison of impact resistance of two defence systems with different ceramic has been carried out. Application of silicon carbide ceramic improved ballistic performance, as evidenced by smaller deformations of the second layer. In addition, one of armour systems was complemented with an intermediate ceramic-elastomer layer. A ceramic-elastomer component was obtained using pressure infiltration of gradient porous ceramic by elastomer. Upon ballistic impact, the ceramic body dissipated kinetic energy of the projectile. The residual energy was absorbed by the intermediate composite layer. It was found, that application of composite plates as a support of a ceramic body provided a decrease of the bullet penetration depth.
Rocznik
Strony
363--367
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 18 poz., rys., tab., fot.
Twórcy
autor
  • Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, 141 Woloska St., 02-507 Warsaw, Poland, pachabera@gmail.com
  • Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, 141 Woloska St., 02-507 Warsaw, Poland
autor
  • Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Mechanics and Applied Computer Science, Military University of Technology, 2 Kaliskiego St., 00-908 Warsaw, Poland
  • Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Mechanics and Applied Computer Science, Military University of Technology, 2 Kaliskiego St., 00-908 Warsaw, Poland
autor
  • Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Mechanics and Applied Computer Science, Military University of Technology, 2 Kaliskiego St., 00-908 Warsaw, Poland
autor
  • Institute of Ceramics and Building Materials, 9 Postępu St., 02-676 Warsaw, Poland
autor
  • Institute of Ceramics and Building Materials, 9 Postępu St., 02-676 Warsaw, Poland
Bibliografia
  • [1] E.S. Greenhalgh, V.M. Bloodworth, L. Iannucci, and D. Pope, “Fractographic observations on Dyneemar composites under ballistic impast”, Composites: Part A 44, 51-62 (2013).
  • [2] L. Iannucci and D. Pope, “High velocity impact and armour design”, Express Polym Lett. 5 (3), 262-72 (2011).
  • [3] M.J.N. Jacobs and J.L.J. Van Dingenen, “Ballistic protection mechanisms in personal armour”, J Mater Sci. 36, 3137-3142 (2001).
  • [4] A.M.S Hamuda and M.S. Risby, Modeling Impact, Lighweight Ballistic Composites - Military and Law-Enforcement Applications, ed. A. Bhatnager, pp. 101-121, Woodhead Publishing Ltd., Cambrigde, 2006.
  • [5] B.R. Scott, New Ballistic Products and Technologies, Lighweight Ballistic Composites - Military and Law-Enforcement Applications, ed. A. Bhatnager, pp. 336-361, Woodhead Publishing Ltd., Cambrigde, 2006.
  • [6] E. Medvedovski, “Lightweight ceramic composite armour system”, Adv. Appl. Ceram. 105 (5), 241-245 (2006).
  • [7] E. Medvedovski, “Ballistic performance of armour ceramics: Influence of design and structure. Part 1”, Ceram. Int. 36 (1), 2103-2115 (2010).
  • [8] T. Niezgoda, K. Kosiuczenko, W. Barnat, and R. Panowicz, “Numerical simulation of piercing by fragment through the ballistic shields made of composite materials”, Modelling in Engineering 42, 295-302 (2011).
  • [9] C.G. Fountzoulas, B.A. Cheeseman, P.G. Dehmer, and J.M. Sands, “A computational study of laminate transparent armor impacted by FSP”, Proc. 23rd Int., Ballistic Symp. 1, CD-ROM (2007).
  • [10] C.G. Fountzoulas, J.C. LaSalvia, and B.A. Cheeseman, “Simulation of ballistic impact of a tungsten carbide sphere on a confined silicon carbide target”, Proc. 23rd Int., Ballistic Symp. 1, CD-ROM (2007).
  • [11] D. Cronin, K. Bui, and C. Kaufman, “Implementation and validation of the Johnson-Holmquist ceramic material model in LS-Dyna”, Proc. 4th Eur. LS-DYNA Users Conf. 1, 47-60 (2003).
  • [12] S. Stanisławek, A. Morka, and T. Niezgoda, “Numerical analysis of an influence of ceramic plate surrounding by metal components in a ballistic panel”, J. KONES Powertrain and Transport 18 (3), 471-474 (2011).
  • [13] B.A. Cheeseman and T.A. Bogetti, “Ballistic impact into fabric and compliant composite laminates”, Compos Struct. 61, 161-173 (2003).
  • [14] E. Medvedovski, “Ballistic performance of armour ceramics: Influence of design and structure. Part 2”, Ceram. Int. 36 (1), 2117-2127 (2010).
  • [15] A. Oziębło, P. Chabera, K. Perkowski, M. Osuchowski, I. Witosławska, A. Boczkowska, and A. Witek, “Effect of isostatic sintering on selected microstructural and mechanical properties of Al2O3 i SiC ceramics”, Ceramic Materials 65 (2), 204-208 (2013).
  • [16] R. Jhaver and H. Tippur, “Processing, compression response and finite element modeling of syntactic foam based interpenetrating phase composites (IPC)”, Mat. Sci. Eng. A-Struct. 499 (1), 507-517 (2009).
  • [17] W. Zając, A. Boczkowska, K. Babski, K.J. Kurzydłowski, and P.P. Deen, “Measurements of residual strains in ceramicelastomer composites with diffuse scattering of polarized neutrons”, Acta Mater. 56 (1), 5964-5971 (2008).
  • [18] K. Konopka, A. Boczkowska, and K.J. Kurzydłowski, “Effect of elastomer structure on ceramic-elastomer composite properties”, J. Mater. Process Tech. 175, 40-44 (2006).
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-eb3d421f-89be-4c1e-8a5c-58f53e41e59b
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