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Spatial Diversity Characterising Certain Chemical Substances in Sediments of Besko Reservoir

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Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The article reports the conducted analyses of certain chemical parameters characterising the sediments of Poland’s Besko Reservoir. Specifically, determinations concerned the pH value, percentage organic matter (OM), total organic carbon (TOC), total nitrogen (TN), carbonates (CO32-), total phosphorus (TP) and its fractions, as well as heavy metals (Fe, Al, Cr, Cu, Ni, Cd, Zn, Mn). The sediments have a slight alkaline reaction, with pH values correlating positively with the high content of carbonates. The sediments have low organic matter content, while organic carbon accounts for about 30% of OM. The values for the C:N ratio point to an allochthonous origin for organic matter. The analysis of phosphorus fractionation showed that inorganic phosphorus (IP) is predominant at every research station. The lowest percentage for a fraction was in turn obtained for NAIP. This testifies to a slight anthropogenic impact of the catchment area. The sediments can be classified as of the 2nd purity class (according to PIG), due to their highest concentration of chromium. According to Müller’s classification, the sediments can be classified as purity class 3 (i.e. with moderate contamination). The values noted for the EF coefficient confirm a very strong enrichment by chromium ions. In addition, chromium, copper, nickel and cadmium have a negative effect on aquatic organisms. The results show that the sediments can be used for example in building and maintaining hydraulic structures.
Słowa kluczowe
Rocznik
Strony
104--112
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 34 poz., rys., tab.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Environmental Engineering and Chemistry, Rzeszow University of Technology, Powstańców Warszawy 6, 35-959 Rzeszów, Poland
  • Department of Environmental Engineering and Chemistry, Rzeszow University of Technology, Powstańców Warszawy 6, 35-959 Rzeszów, Poland, renatagr@prz.edu.pl
autor
  • Department of Environmental Engineering and Chemistry, Rzeszow University of Technology, Powstańców Warszawy 6, 35-959 Rzeszów, Poland
autor
  • Department of Environmental Engineering and Chemistry, Rzeszow University of Technology, Powstańców Warszawy 6, 35-959 Rzeszów, Poland
Bibliografia
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  • 8. Haziak T., Czaplicka-Kotas A., Ślusarczyk Z., Szalińska E. 2013. Spatial changes of zinc concentrations in the Czorsztyn Reservoir sediments (in Polish). Inżynieria i Ochrona Środowiska, 16(1), 57-68.
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  • 10. Koszelnik P. 2009. Sources and distribution of biogenic elements on the example of the Solina-Myczkowce dam reservoir (in Polish). Oficyna Wydawnicza Politechniki Rzeszowskiej, Rzeszów, 1-147.
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  • 23. Szalińska E., Koperczak A., Czaplicka-Kotas A. 2010. Heavy metals in the bottom sediments of Lake Goczalkowickie tributaries (in Polish). Ochrona Środowiska, 32(1), 21-25.
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  • 25. Tarnawski M., Baran A., Jasiewicz C. 2012. Assessment of physicochemical properties of the bottom sediments Chańcza reservoir (in Polish). Proceedings of ECOpole, 6(1), 305-311.
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  • 28. Wiejaczka Ł., Prokop P., Kozłowski R., Sarkar S. 2017. Impact of a dam reservoir on the chemistry of a Himalayan River (the Teesta, India) (in Polish). Przegląd Geograficzny, 89(1), 165-181.
  • 29. WIOŚ Rzeszów. 2017. Protection of water reservoirs against pollution (in Polish). Raport z realizacji wojewódzkiego cyklu kontrolnego realizowanego w latach 2015-2016.
  • 30. Wójcik D. 1991. Characterization of the bottom sludge of the Dobczyce Reservoir (in Polish). Ochrona Środowiska, 1(42), 31-34.
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  • 32. http://www.krakow.rzgw.gov.pl/index. php?option=com_content&view=article&id=111:zbiornik-wodny-besko&catid=40&Itemid=239&l ang=pl
  • 33. http://www.pzw.org.pl/wydra/cms/9189/majdan_sopocki
  • 34. http://www.gios.gov.pl/ GIOŚ 2016
Uwagi
Opracowanie rekordu w ramach umowy 509/P-DUN/2018 ze środków MNiSW przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę (2018).
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-e54c05d3-40ba-4864-add7-727f82f3483a
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