Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
Tytuł artykułu

Musculoskeletal Symptoms in Workers

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Self-report measures of musculoskeletal discomfort are a widely used and generally accepted risk factor for musculoskeletal disorders in epidemiologic research. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms in packing workers. A cross-sectional study of 75 workers was carried out using a modified Nordic questionnaire. Prevalence was determined with the percentage of positive responses to questions on musculoskeletal symptoms. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were the measures of association between prevalent musculoskeletal symptoms and demographic factors; they were determined with logistic regression. Most musculoskeletal symptoms in workers were from the low back (44.0%), shoulders (33.3%) and neck (32.0%). Years worked were strongly significantly associated with musculoskeletal symptoms and pain in the neck, shoulders and wrists/hands, P < .001–.050. Hazards related to repetitive movements and discomfort postures could be reduced with stretching exercises, rotation schedules and through new engineering solutions.
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 27 poz., tab.
  • Occupational Health Department, School of Public Health, Medical Sciences/University of Tehran, Tehran, I.R. Iran,
  • Occupational Health Department, School of Public Health, Medical Sciences/University of Tehran, Tehran, I.R. Iran
  • Center for Environmental Research, Medical Sciences/University of Tehran, Tehran, I.R. Iran
  • 1.Buckle P. Ergonomics and musculoskeletal disorders: overview. Occup Med (Lond). 2005;55:164–7.
  • 2.Harrington JM, Calvert IA. Research priorities in occupational medicine: a survey of United Kingdom personnel managers. Occup Environ Med. 1996;53:642–4.
  • 3.Van Der Beek A, Frings-Dresen M, Van Dijk F, Houtman I. Priorities in occupational health research: a Delphi study in the Netherlands. Occup Environ Med. 1997;54:504–10.
  • 4.Rosenstock L. The future of intervention research at NIOSH. Am J Ind Med. 1996; 29:295–7.
  • 5.Norman R, Wells R. Ergonomic interventions for reducing musculoskeletal disorders: an overview, related issues and future directions. Waterloo, ON, Canada: Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, University of Waterloo; 1998. Retrieved June 11, 2008, from:
  • 6.Morse T, Dillon C, Kenta-Bibi E, Weber J, Diva U, Warren N, et al. Trends in work-related musculoskeletal disorder reports by year, type, and industrial sector: a capture-recapture analysis. Am J Ind Med. 2005; 48:40–9.
  • 7.Bernard BP, editor. Musculoskeletal disorders and workplace factors: a critical review of epidemiologic evidence for work-related musculoskeletal disorders of the neck, upper extremity, and low back (NIOSH Pub. No. 97-141). Cincinnati, OH, USA: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH); 1997. Retrieved June 11, 2008, from:
  • 8.Bhatnager V, Drury CG, Schiro SG. Posture, postural discomfort, and performance. Hum Factors. 1985;27:189–99.
  • 9.Ohlsson K, Attewell R, Paisson B, Karlsson B, Balogh I, Johnsson B, et al. Repetitive industrial work and neck and upper limb disorders in females. Am J Ind Med. 1995; 27:731–47.
  • 10.Eckardt J. Evaluation and management of occupational low back disorders. Am J Ind Med. 2000;37:94–111.
  • 11.Kleinbaum DG, Kupper LL, Morgenstern H. Epidemiologic research: principles and quantitative methods. London, UK: Lifetime Learning; 1982.
  • 12.Kourinka I, Jonsson B, Kilbom Å, Vinterberg H, Biering-Sørensen F, Andersson G, et al. Standardised Nordic questionnaires for the analysis of musculoskeletal symptoms. Appl Ergon. 1987;18:233–37.
  • 13.Simcox N, Flanagan ME, Camp J, Spielholz P, Snyder K. Musculoskeletal risks in Washington State apple packing companies. Seattle, USA: University of Washington, Department of Environmental Health; 2001. Retrieved June 11, 2008, from:
  • 14.Silverstein B, Fine LJ, Armstrong TJ. Occupational factors and carpal tunnel syndrome. Am J Ind Med. 1986;11:343–58.
  • 15.Putz-Anderson V. Cumulative trauma disorders—a manual for musculoskeletal diseases of the upper limbs. London, UK: Taylor & Francis; 1988.
  • 16.Hagberg M, Wegman DH. Prevalence rates and odds ratios of shoulder–neck disease in different occupational groups. Br J Ind Med. 1987;44:602–10.
  • 17.Stock SR. Workplace ergonomics factors and the development of musculoskeletal disorders of the neck and upper limbs: a meta-analysis. Am J Ind Med. 1991;19: 87–107.
  • 18.Mahbubi H, Laskar S, Farid A, Seikh H, Altaf H, Masaiwa I, et al. Prevalence of cervical spondylosis and musculoskeletal symptoms among coolies in a city of Bangladesh. J Occup Health. 2006;48: 69–73.
  • 19.Corinne PA, McArthur DL, Kraus JF. Incidence of acute low-back injury among older workers in a cohort of material handlers. J Occup Environ Hyg. 2007; 1:551–7.
  • 20.Leroux I, Brisson C, Montreuil S. Job strain and neck–shoulder symptoms: a prevalence study of women and men white-collar workers. Occup Med (Lond). 2006; 56:102–9.
  • 21.Otani T, Iwasaki M, Ohta A, Kuroiwa M, Yosiaki S, Suzuki S, et al. Low back pain and smoking in a community sample in Japan. J Occup Health. 2002;44:207–13.
  • 22.Gundewall B, Liljeqvist M, Hansson T. Primary prevention of back symptoms and absence from work: a prospective randomized study among hospital employees. Spine. 1993;18:587–94.
  • 23.Lahad A, Malter A, Berg A, Deyo R. The effectiveness of four interventions for the prevention of low back pain. JAMA. 1994; 272:1286–91.
  • 24.Van Poppel M, Koes B, Smid T, Bouter L. A systematic review of controlled clinical trials on the prevention of back pain in industry. Occup Environ Med. 1997;54: 841–47.
  • 25.Buckwalter JA, Woo SY, Goldberg VM, Hadley EC, Booth F, Oegema TR, et al. Soft-tissue aging and musculoskeletal function. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1993;75: 1533–48.
  • 26.Dempsey PG, Burdorf A, Webster BS. The influence of personal variables on work-related low-back disorders and implication for future research. J Occup Environ Med. 1997;39:748–59.
  • 27.Leboeuf-Yde C, Kyvik K, Bruun NH. Low back pain and lifestyle. Part II—obesity. Information from a population-base d sample of 29,424 twin subjects. Spine. 1999;24:779–83.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.