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“Pooling and sharing” or “intelligent defence” in the field of security

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The European Union is focusing on military capabilities and the fight against terrorism, but to a lesser extent on employment opportunities for immigrant integration, human rights and peace-building and the sustainability of countries and societies in Europe and around it. The European Union has always been proud of its soft power and will continue to do so in the area of security and defence. On the other hand, the idea of Europe as an extremely “civilian power” does not correspond to the changing reality. In this regard, the EU will need to deepen its transatlantic relationship and its partnership with NATO.
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Bibliogr. 10 poz.
  • National Military University „Vasil Levski“, Veliko Tarnovo, Republic of Bulgaria
  • 1. Rambke Karl-Heinz, Sebastian Keil. 2007. EU-NATO Cooperation in Post-Conflict Reconstruction. The European Union and Security Sector Reform. P. 262-278.
  • 2. Merging and sharing capabilities across the EU. Available at:
  • 3. Towards an EU defence equipment policy: Commission proposals. Brussels. 11 March, 2003. Available at: Reference documents. European Commission – Enterprise and Industry. 3 February, 2015. Available at:
  • 4. Biscop S.. Jo Coelmont. Pooling & Sharing: From Slow March to Quick March? EGMONT, Royale Institute for International Relations. May, 2011.
  • 5. Faleg G., A. Giovannini. The EU between Pooling & Sharing and Smart Defence, Making a virtue of necessity? CEPS’s special report. May, 2012.
  • 6. Biscop S., Jo Coelmont. Europe, Strategy and Armed Forces: The Making of a Distinctive Power. Routledge. 2012.
  • 7. Statement, issued by the NATO Parliamentary Assembly’s Standing Committee on supporting a shared approach to Capabilities in Chicago. 2 April, 2012.
  • 8. Strategic Concept For the Defence and Security of The Members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation. Adopted by Heads of State and Government in Lisbon. Active Engagement, Modern Defence. Available at:
  • 9. Defence Spending Trends and Implications for NATO. Frank Boland, Director of Planning Defence Policy and Planning Division, NATO International Staff. 13 February 2012.
  • 10. Howorth J. A New Institutional Architecture for the Transatlantic Relationship? June, 2009. Available at:
Opracowanie rekordu ze środków MNiSW, umowa Nr 461252 w ramach programu "Społeczna odpowiedzialność nauki" - moduł: Popularyzacja nauki i promocja sportu (2020).
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