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http://yadda.icm.edu.pl:80/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-d38ea913-26dd-45bc-8449-992f6a0e6420

Czasopismo

Archives of Metallurgy and Materials

Tytuł artykułu

Material Factors in Relation to Development Time in Liquid-Penetrant Inspection. Part 1. Material Factors

Autorzy Irek, P.  Słania, J. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
Abstrakty
EN In technical publications and European Standards the development time (i.e. time of getting out of penetrant from a discontinuity to the material surface) in penetration testing is specified within the range of 10-30 minutes. In practice, however, it is seen , that it is closely connected with the material type and ranges from several minutes to 24 hours. In the literature, only interactions coming from the penetrant are described, whereas those from the material under testing, i.e. the influence of material factors on adhesion between penetrant and material, are not taken into consideration. In this connection, it has been described precisely in the paper the adhesion phenomenon and also it has been indicated the other factors affecting the development time. Recapitulating the adhesion theories presented in the paper, it can be formulated two fundamental circumstances which must occur that adhesion joint may be formed, namely: the approach of the particles of two solids to the distance less than 0,9 nm while the high attractive force occurring between molecules should be connected with possibly low potential energy of the bond formed in this way.
Słowa kluczowe
EN imperfection   defect   penetration testing   adhesion  
Wydawca Polish Academy of Sciences, Committee of Metallurgy, Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science
Czasopismo Archives of Metallurgy and Materials
Rocznik 2016
Tom Vol. 61, iss. 2A
Strony 509--514
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 19 poz., rys.
Twórcy
autor Irek, P.
autor Słania, J.
  • Institute of Welding, 16-18 Bł. Czesława Str., 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
Bibliografia
[1] J. Czuchryj, S. Sikora, Podstawy badań penetracyjnych wyrobów przemysłowych (Grounds of penetration testing of industrial products), Instytut Spawalnictwa, Gliwice, s. 5-24, 2007.
[2] K. Ferenc, J. Ferenc, Konstrukcje spawane: połączenia (Welded structures: joints), Wydawnictwa Naukowo-Techniczne, Warszawa 2009.
[3] D. H. Kaelble, Physical Chemistry of Adhesion, Wiley, New York 1975.
[4] A. V. Pocius, Adhesion and Adhesives Technology, Hanser, New York 1997.
[5] G. Salomon, Adhesion and Adhesives, Elsevier, Amsterdam 1965.
[6] M. Żenkiewicz, Adhezja i modyfikowanie warstwy wierzchniej tworzyw wielocząsteczkowych (Adhesion and modification of surface layers of multimolecular materials), Wydawnictwa Naukowo-Techniczne, s. 26-70, Warszawa 2000.
[7] B. V. Derjagin, I. N. Aleinikova, Yu. P Toporov, On the role of electrostatic forces in the adhesion of polymer particles to solid surfaces. Progress in Surface Science 45 (1-4), 1994, s.119-123,
[8] B. V. Derjagin, V.P. Toporov:, Physicochemical Aspects of Polymer Surfaces. Ed. K. L. Mittal, Plenum Press, New York 1983.
[9] L. V. Azoroff:, Introduction to Solids. Mc Graw-Hill, New York 1960.
[10] N. Davision, Statistical Mechanics. Mc Graw-Hill, New York 1960.
[11] T. B. Grimley, Aspects of Adhesion 7, 11 (1974).
[12] O. Hirschfelder i in.: Molecular Theory of Gases and Liquids. Wiley, New York 1954.
[13] P. W. Atkins, Chemia : przewodnik po chemii fizycznej (Chemistry: guide book of physical chemistry). Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa 1997.
[14] Z. Kurzawa, Chemia: dla wydziałów mechanicznych (Chemistry: for mechanical faculties). Wydawnictwo Politechniki Poznańskiej, Poznań 1993.
[15] M. Wiśniewska, Chemia (Chemistry). Wydawnictwa Naukowo-Techniczne, Warszawa 2001.
[16] T. Węgrzyn, J. Mirosławski, A. Silva, D. Pinto, M. Miros, Oxide inclusions in steel welds of car body. V International Materials Symposium MATERIAIS 2009, Lisbon 2009, published in official conference CD and in Materials Science Forum. 6, 585-591 (2010).
[17] B. Ślązak, J. Słania, T. Węgrzyn, et all: Process stability evaluation of manual metal arc welding using digital signals, Materials Science Forum 730-732, 847-852 (2011).
[18] J. Łabaj, G. Siwiec , L. Blacha et all, The role of a gas phase in the evaporation process of volatile components of the metal bath, Metalurgija 53, 2, 215-217 (2014).
[19] W. Tarasiuk, B. Szczucka-Lasota, J. Piwnik, W. Majewski, Tribological Properties of Super Field Weld with Micro-Jet Process, Advanced Materials Research 1036, 2014, 452-457 (2014).
Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-d38ea913-26dd-45bc-8449-992f6a0e6420
Identyfikatory
DOI 10.1515/amm-2016-0089