Narzędzia help

Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
first previous
cannonical link button

http://yadda.icm.edu.pl:80/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-c3a2ca74-80c3-4876-9133-8c1ccce65105

Czasopismo

Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics

Tytuł artykułu

Biomechanical analysis of injuries of rally driver with head supporting device

Autorzy Joszko, K.  Wolański, W.  Burkacki, W.  Suchoń, S.  Zielonka, K.  Muszyński, A.  Gzik, M. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
Abstrakty
EN Purpose: The aim of the study was to develop and verify a model of rally driver with a safety system HANS (head supporting device), which will enable biomechanical analysis of injuries in rally accident. Methods: Simulations were carried out in Madymo® software, the results of which were verified based on sled test performed in the Automotive Industry Institute (PIMOT) in Warsaw. The model being verified allowed us to perform a multivariate simulation of rally accident in terms of assessing effectiveness of protection and usefulness of HANS system. Results: Acceleration waveforms of the head and chest were obtained from numerical experiment and also forces and moments occurring in the upper cervical spine. The results obtained allowed driver injuries to be analyzed based on injury criteria of the head and neck: HIC15, NTE, NTF, NCE and NCF. Conclusions: The analysis enabled assessment of the driver safety while using 4 and 5 point harness with HANS system. In further studies the model developed was used to identify factors affecting the safety of a rally driver.
Słowa kluczowe
PL system bezpieczeństwa   crash test   HANS  
EN safety systems   rally driver   injury assessment of driver   crash test   HANS device  
Wydawca Oficyna Wydawnicza Politechniki Wrocławskiej
Czasopismo Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
Rocznik 2016
Tom Vol. 18, nr 4
Strony 159--169
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 19 poz., rys., tab., wykr.
Twórcy
autor Joszko, K.
autor Wolański, W.
  • Silesian University of Technology, Faculty of Biomedical Engineering
autor Burkacki, W.
  • Silesian University of Technology, Faculty of Biomedical Engineering
autor Suchoń, S.
  • Silesian University of Technology, Faculty of Biomedical Engineering
autor Zielonka, K.
  • Automotive Industry Institute
autor Muszyński, A.
  • Automotive Industry Institute
autor Gzik, M.
  • Silesian University of Technology, Faculty of Biomedical Engineering
Bibliografia
[1] BIGI D., HEILIG A., STEFFAN H., EICHBERGER A., A comparison study of active head restraints for neck protection in rearend collision, 16th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, Windsor, Ontario, Canada, DOT HS.,1998, Vol. 808.
[2] BURKACKI M., JOSZKO K., GZIK M., Biomechanical analysis of car accident with application of Hans device supporting the head and cervical spine of the driver, Aktualne Problemy Biomechaniki, 2013.
[3] DOWNING J., Death at the Track: Fatalities on U.S. Short Tracks/Drag Strips from Head/Neck Injuries, IMIS Safety and Technical Conference, 2012.
[4] EPPINGER R., SUN E., BANDAK F., HAFFNER M., KHAEWPONG N., MALTESE M., ZHANG A., Development of Improved Injury Criteria for the Assessment of Advanced Automotive Restraint Systems – II, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 1999.
[5] GRAMLING H., HODGMAN P., HUBBARD R., Development of the HANS Head and Neck Support for Formula One, Motor Sports Engineering Conf., Soc. of Auto. Engin., paper, 1998, No. 983060.
[6] GRAMLING H., HUBBARD R., Sensitivity analysis of the HANS head and neck support, SAE Transactions, 2000, 109.6, 2488–2498.
[7] GZIK M., Dynamic interactions in human cervical spine during car accidents, Advances in Transportation Studies, 2004, Vol. 3, 43–56.
[8] GZIK M., WOLAŃSKI W., TEJSZERSKA D., Experimental determination of cervical spine mechanical properties, Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics, 2008, Vol. 10, No. 4.
[9] HANS Device Quick Start Guide, HANS Performance Products, 2014.
[10] HEAD RESTRAINTS – Identification of Issues Relevant to Regulation, Design, and Effectiveness, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Report, 1996, http://www.nhtsa.gov/cars/ rules/CrashWorthy/HeadRest/status9/status9.html#38, Accessed 21 March 2016.
[11] HEIMBS S., STROBL F., MIDDENDORF P., GARDNER S., EDDINGTON B., KEY J., Crash Simulation of an F1 Racing Car Front Impact structure, 7th European LS-DYNA users conference, Salzburg, 2009.
[12] http://english.schroth.com/racing/hans_history.php, Accessed 21 March 2016.
[13] https://www.formula1.com/content/fom-website/en/championship/ inside-f1/safety/helmets-hans-clothing/HANS.html, Accessed 21 March 2016.
[14] HUBBARD R., BEGEMAN P., DOWNING J., Biomechanical Evaluation and Driver Experience with the Head and Neck Support, Motor Sports Engineering Conf., Soc. of Auto. Engin., 1994, No. 942466.
[15] JARAMILLO H.E., GARCÍA J.J., GÓMEZ L.G., A finite element model of the L4-L5-S1 human spine segment including the heterogeneity and anisotropy of the discs, Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics, 2015, Vol. 17, No. 2.
[16] JOSZKO K., WOLAŃSKI W., GZIK M., ŻUCHOWSKI A., Experimental and modelling investigation of effective protection the passengers in the rear seats during car accident, Modelowanie Inżynierskie, 2012, nr 42. DOI: 10.1016/j.xxx.2015.08.007.
[17] NASSIOPOULOS E., NJUGUNA J., Finite element dynamic simulation of whole rallying car structure: Towards better understanding of structural dynamics during side impacts, 8th European LS-DYNA Users Conference, Strasbourg, May 2011.
[18] NJUGUNA J., The Application of Energy Absorbing Structures on Side Impact Protection Systems, International Journal of Computer Applications in Technology, 2011, Vol. 40, No. 4, 208–207.
[19] Regulation No. 44 of European Economic Commission of United Nations, Official Journal of the European Union 2004.
Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-c3a2ca74-80c3-4876-9133-8c1ccce65105
Identyfikatory
DOI 10.5277/ABB-00633-2016-03