Optimisation of polynomial railway transition curves of even degrees
Treść / Zawartość
This paper represents new results obtained by its authors while searching for the proper shape of polynomial railway transition curves (TCs). The search for the proper shape means the evaluation of the curve properties based on chosen dynamical quantities and generation of such shape with use of mathematically understood optimisation methods. The studies presented now and in the past always had got a character of the numerical tests. For needs of this work advanced vehicle model, dynamical track-vehicle and vehicle-passenger interactions, and optimisation methods were exploited. In this software complete rail vehicle model of 2-axle freight car, the track discrete model, and non-linear description on wheel-rail contact are used. That part of the software, being vehicle simulation software, is combined with library optimisation procedures into the final computer programme. The main difference between this and previous papers by the authors are the degrees of examinated polynomials. Previously they tested polynomial curves of odd degrees, now they focus on TCs of 6th, 8th and 10th degrees with and without curvature and superelevation ramp tangence in the TC’s terminal points. Possibility to take account of fundamental demands (corresponding values of curvature in terminal points) concerning TC should be preserved. Results of optimisation are compared both among themselves and with 3rd degree parabola. The aim of present article is to find the polynomial TCs’ optimum shapes which are determined by the possible polynomial configurations. Only one dynamical quantities being the results of simulation of railway vehicle advanced model is exploited in the determination of quality function (QF1). This is: minimum of integral of vehicle body lateral acceleration.
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