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Tytuł artykułu

Spatiotemporal changes in the concentration and composition of suspended particulate matter in front of Hansbreen, a tidewater glacier in Svalbard

Autorzy Moskalik, M.  Ćwiąkała, J.  Szczuciński, W.  Dominiczak, A.  Głowacki, O.  Wojtysiak, K.  Zagórski, P. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
EN Tidewater glaciers supply large amounts of suspended particulate matter (SPM) and freshwater to fjords and affect oceanographic, sedimentological and biological processes. Our understanding of these processes, is usually limited to the short summer season. Here, we present the results of a one-year-long monitoring of the spatial variability in SPM characteristics in a context of oceanographic and meteorological conditions of a glacial bay next to Hansbreen, a tidewater glacier in Hornsund (southern Spitsbergen). The observed range of SPM concentrations was similar to ranges measured in other sub-polar glaciated fjords, especially in Svalbard. The major source of SPM is the meltwater discharge from the glacier. The maximum water column-averaged SPM concentrations did not correlate with peaks in freshwater discharge and were observed at the beginning of the autumn season, when the fjord water transitioned from stratified to fully mixed. The observed spatiotemporal variations in the total SPM, particulate organic matter (POM) and particulate inorganic matter (PIM) are likely controlled by a combination of factors including freshwater supply, water stratification and circulation, bathymetry, the presence of sea ice, biological productivity and sediment resuspension. During the ablation season, the SPM maximum concentrations were located within the upper water layer, whereas during the winter and spring, the greatest amounts of SPM were concentrated in deeper part. Thus, typical remote sensing-based studies that focus on SPM distributions may not reflect the real SPM levels. POM and PIM concentrations were correlated with each other, during most of the time suggesting that they may have a common source.
Słowa kluczowe
EN seasonality   suspended particulate matter   particulate organic matter   tidewater glacier   fjord   Svalbard  
Wydawca Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Oceanology
Czasopismo Oceanologia
Rocznik 2018
Tom No. 60 (4)
Strony 446--463
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 85 poz., mapy, tab., wykr.
autor Moskalik, M.
autor Ćwiąkała, J.
  • Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland
autor Szczuciński, W.
  • Institute of Geology, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Poznań, Poland
autor Dominiczak, A.
  • Institute of Geology, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Poznań, Poland
autor Głowacki, O.
  • Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland
autor Wojtysiak, K.
  • Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland
autor Zagórski, P.
  • Faculty of Earth Sciences and Spatial Management, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Lublin, Poland
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Opracowanie rekordu w ramach umowy 509/P-DUN/2018 ze środków MNiSW przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę (2018).
Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-c1566008-2f44-4ddf-8461-2dce185be0dc
DOI 10.1016/j.oceano.2018.03.001