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Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics

Tytuł artykułu

Modeling and stress analyses of a normal foot-ankle and a prosthetic foot-ankle complex

Autorzy Ozen, M.  Sayman, O.  Havitcioglu, H. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
EN Total ankle replacement (TAR) is a relatively new concept and is becoming more popular for treatment of ankle arthritis and fractures. Because of the high costs and difficulties of experimental studies, the developments of TAR prostheses are progressing very slowly. For this reason, the medical imaging techniques such as CT, and MR have become more and more useful. The finite element method (FEM) is a widely used technique to estimate the mechanical behaviors of materials and structures in engineering applications. FEM has also been increasingly applied to biomechanical analyses of human bones, tissues and organs, thanks to the development of both the computing capabilities and the medical imaging techniques. 3-D finite element models of the human foot and ankle from reconstruction of MR and CT images have been investigated by some authors. In this study, data of geometries (used in modeling) of a normal and a prosthetic foot and ankle were obtained from a 3D reconstruction of CT images. The segmentation software, MIMICS was used to generate the 3D images of the bony structures, soft tissues and components of prosthesis of normal and prosthetic ankle-foot complex. Except the spaces between the adjacent surface of the phalanges fused, metatarsals, cuneiforms, cuboid, navicular, talus and calcaneus bones, soft tissues and components of prosthesis were independently developed to form foot and ankle complex. SOLIDWORKS program was used to form the boundary surfaces of all model components and then the solid models were obtained from these boundary surfaces. Finite element analyses software, ABAQUS was used to perform the numerical stress analyses of these models for balanced standing position. Plantar pressure and von Mises stress distributions of the normal and prosthetic ankles were compared with each other. There was a peak pressure increase at the 4th metatarsal, first metatarsal and talus bones and a decrease at the intermediate cuneiform and calcaneus bones, in prosthetic ankle-foot complex compared to normal one. The predicted plantar pressures and von Misses stress distributions for a normal foot were consistent with other FE models given in the literature. The present study is aimed to open new approaches for the development of ankle prosthesis.
Słowa kluczowe
PL modelowanie 3D   proteza   analiza elementów skończonych  
EN 3D modeling   finite element analysis   prosthetic foot-ankle complex  
Wydawca Oficyna Wydawnicza Politechniki Wrocławskiej
Czasopismo Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
Rocznik 2013
Tom Vol. 15, nr 3
Strony 19--27
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 36 poz., rys., tab.
autor Ozen, M.
autor Sayman, O.
  • Faculty of Engineering, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey
autor Havitcioglu, H.
  • Faculty of Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey
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