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Silniki Spalinowe

Tytuł artykułu

Effect of EGR on nanoprticles at Common-rail diesel engines exhaust

Autorzy Merola, S. S.  Tornatore, C.  Vaglieco, B. M. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Konferencja Kongres Silników Spalinowych (20-23.05.2007; Kraków, Poland)
Języki publikacji EN
EN In the last years, diesel emission control strategies based on engine design and after-treatment devices, have been very successful in the reduction of the total particulate mass and gaseous emissions. Nevertheless they have been significantly less effective in reducing the total number of particles. Thus, when EURO 5 will be introduced, it will be difficult to meet the emission standards with the present technologies. Nowadays diesel engines are equipped with the Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) system that allows the reduction of thermal-Nitrogen Oxides but it could also influence particles emissions. For this reason, the aim of the present work is to evaluate the effect of EGR on the balance between the primary particles and the aggregates at the exhaust of diesel engines. The idea is to find out a relation between EGR percentage and the size of the emitted particles for every speed and load. Two different methodologies for detection, sizing and counting nanoparticles were used. Electrical Low Pressure Impactor (ELPI) measured the particle size distributions in the range 7 nm-10 μm, without distinction between primary particles and aggregates. Laser Induced Incandescence (LII) allowed to determine soot primary particles diameter. ELPI measurements pointed out the increasing of number concentration and size of particles with the EGR. The size distributions showed a maximum in the range of 54-91nm with negligible number of particles larger than 300 nm. For alt the conditions, an increase of number concentration of particles bigger than 54 nm and a reduction of smaller ones was measured. This was due to the agglomeration effect caused by the reintroduction of particles contained in the exhaust gases into the cylinder during the EGR. LII measurements showed that at fixed engine speed and for alt EGR values, the diameters of primary particles increased with engine load. Moreover smaller primary particles were formed at higher speed. With respect to EGR variation, for every condition the primary particles diameters increased due to the partial oxidation of soot recirculated in the combustion chamber ad the successive superficial growth. Taking into account the proposed results, for each engine operating condition, the best EGR value could be chosen taking into account the size distribution of the produced particles and not only the NOx-soot trade-off.
Słowa kluczowe
PL silnik wysokoprężny common rail   silnik Diesla   EGR   nanocząstki   żarzenie wywołane laserem  
EN EGR   Common Rail Diesel Engine   nanoparticles   ELPI   Laser Induced Incandescence  
Wydawca Polskie Towarzystwo Naukowe Silników Spalinowych
Czasopismo Silniki Spalinowe
Rocznik 2007
Tom R. 46, nr SC3
Strony 206--217
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 33 poz.
autor Merola, S. S.
autor Tornatore, C.
autor Vaglieco, B. M.
  • Instituto Motori - CNR Italy
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