Narzędzia help

Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
cannonical link button


Archivum Combustionis

Tytuł artykułu

Combined Effects of Pilot Quantity, Injection Pressure and Dwell Periods on the Combustion and Emissions Behaviour of a Modern V6 Diesel Engine

Autorzy Abdullah, N. R.  Wyszynski, M. L.  Tsolakis, A.  Mamat, R.  Xu, H. M.  Tian, G. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
EN Experimental results have shown that high exhaust emissions in diesel engines can be avoided by employing special injection strategies. This is because an increased homogeneity of the fuel-air mixture created by some injection strategies has a capability to improve NOx-PM trade-off. Therefore, the mixture quality is a primary parameter that needs to be controlled in order to enhance engine power output and low exhaust emissions. In fact, the combustion strategy employing multiple injections and EGR technique tends to introduce better fuel economy as well. In the experimental work presented in this paper the combinations of pilot quantities, injection pressures and dwell periods (time lapse between Pilot Injection Timing and Main Injection Timing) have been tested on a modern V6 diesel engine. The engine utilises a common rail direct injection, is fitted with twin turbo-charged variable turbine geometry (VTG) turbochargers and is fuelled with ultra low sulphur diesel (ULSD). The overall results show that these strategies have a potential to improve exhaust emissions specifically NOx, Particulate Matter, THCs, CO emissions and fuel economy.
Słowa kluczowe
EN diesel engines   exhaust emissions  
Wydawca Komitet Termodynamiki i Spalania PAN
Czasopismo Archivum Combustionis
Rocznik 2010
Tom Vol. 30 nr 4
Strony 481--495
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 62 poz., rys., tab.
autor Abdullah, N. R.
autor Wyszynski, M. L.
autor Tsolakis, A.
autor Mamat, R.
autor Xu, H. M.
autor Tian, G.
[1] Nicolas Dronniou, Marc Lejeune, Iyad Balloul and P. Higelin, Combination of High EGR Rates and Multiple Injection Strategies to Reduce Pollutant Emissions. SAE Paper, 2005-01-3726, 2005.
[2] P. G. Eastwood, T. Morris, K. Tufail, T. Winstanley, Y.Hardalupas and A.M.K.P. Taylor, The Effects of Fuel-Injection Schedules on Emissions of NOx and Smoke in a Diesel Engine during. SAE paper, 2007-24-0011, 2007.
[3] P. J. Shayler, T. D. Brooks, G. J. Pugh and R. Gambrill, The Influence of Pilot and Split-Main Injection Parameters on Diesel Emissions and Fuel Consumption. SAE Paper, 2005-01-0375, 2005.
[4] Jinwoo Lee, Jinwoog Jeon, Jungseo Park and C. Bae, Effect of Multiple Injection Strategies on Emission and Combustion Characteristics in a Single Cylinder Direct-Injection Optical Engine. SAE Paper, 2009-01-1354, 2009.
[5] Shuji Kimura, Osamu Aoki, Yasuhisa Kitahara and E. Aiyoshizawa, Ultra-Clean Combustion Technology Combining a Low-Temperature and Premixed Combustion Concept for Meeting Future Emission Standards. SAE Paper, 2001-01-0200, 2001.
[6] Kensuke Wakai, Keiya Nishida, Takuo Yoshizaki and H. Hiroyasu, Ignition Delays of DME and Diesel Fuel Sprays Injected by a D.I. Diesel Injector. SAE Paper, 1999-01-3600.
[7] Keiichi Okude, Kazutoshi Mori, Shiroh Shiino, Kiyoharu Yamada and Y. Matsumoto, Effects of Multiple Injections on Diesel Emission and Combustion Characteristics. SAE Paper, 2007-01-4178, 2007.
[8] Gavin Dober, Simon Tullis, Godfrey Greeves, Nebojsa Milovanovic, Martin Hardy and S. Zuelch, The Impact of Injection Strategies on Emissions Reduction and Power Output of Future Diesel Engines. SAE Paper, 2008-01-0941, 2008.
[9] Zhang, L., A Study of Pilot Injection in a DI Diesel Engine. SAE Paper, 1999-01-3493, 1999.
[10] Yoshinori Iwabuchi, Kenji Kawai, Takeshi Shoji and Y. Takeda, Trial of New Concept Diesel Combustion System (Premixed Compression-Ignited Combustion). SAE Paper,1999-01-0185, 1999.
[11] Tiegang Fang and C.-f.F. Lee, Bio-diesel effects on combustion processes in an HSDI diesel engine using advanced injection strategies. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Volume 32, 2009. 32(2): p. 2785-2792.
[12] Philipp Adomeit, Michael Becker, Hans Rohs, Stefan Pischinger, Andreas Greis and G. Grünefeld, Potential Soot and CO Reduction for HSDI Diesel Combustion Systems. SAE Paper, 2006-01-1417, 2006.
[13] D. T. Montgomery and R.D. Reitz, Effects of Multiple Injections and Flexible Control of Boost and EGR on Emissions and Fuel Consumption of a Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine. SAE Paper,2001-01-0195, 2001.
[14] D.T. Hountalas, D. A. Kouremenos, K. B. Binder, V. Schwarz and G.C. Mavropoulos, Effect of Injection Pressure on the Performance and Exhaust Emissions of a Heavy Duty DI Diesel Engine. SAE Paper, 2003-01-0340, 2003.
[15] J Benajes, S Molina, R Novella and K. DeRudder, Influence of injection conditions and exhaust gas recirculation in a high-speed direct-injection diesel engine operating with a late split injection. Proc. IMechE Vol. 222 Part D: J. Automobile Engineering, 2008. 222: p. 13.
[16] Jesús Benajes, Santiago Molina, Jose M. García and R. Novella, Influence of Boost Pressure and Injection Pressure on Combustion Process and Exhaust Emissions in a HD Diesel Engine. SAE Paper, 2004-01-1842, 2004.
[17] WalterKnecht, Diesel engine development in view of reduced emission standards. Energy, Volume 33, 2008. 33(2): p. 264-271.
[18] M. Badami, P. Nuccio and G. Trucco, Influence of Injection Pressure on the Performance of a DI Diesel Engine with a Common Rail Fuel Injection System. SAE Paper, 1999-01-0193.
[19] Murari Mohon Roy and H. Tsunemoto, Effect of Injection Pressure and Split Injection on Exhaust Odor and Engine Noise in DI Diesel Engines. SAE Paper, 2002-01-2874, 2002.
[20] Tiegang Fang, Robert E. Coverdill, Chia-fon F. Lee and R.A. White, Effects of injection angles on combustion processes using multiple injection strategies in an HSDI diesel engine. Fuel Volume 87, 2008. 87(15-16): p. 3232-3239.
[21] Naoto Horibe and T. Ishiyama, Relations among NOx, Pressure Rise Rate, HC and CO in LTC Operation of a Diesel Engine. SAE Paper,2009-01-1443, 2009.
[22] Naoto HORIBE, Ken TAKAHASHI, Sung-Sub KEE, Takuji ISHIYAMA and M. SHIOJI, The Effects of Injection Conditions and Combustion Chamber Geometry on Performance and Emissions of DI-PCCI Operation in a Diesel Engine. SAE paper, 2007-01-1874, 2007.
[23] A. Tsolakis, A. Megaritis, M. L. Wyszynski and K. Theinnoi, Engine performance and emissions of a diesel engine operating on diesel-RME (rapeseed methyl ester) blends with EGR (exhaust gas recirculation). Energy, Volume 32, 2007. 32(11): p. 2072-2080.
[24] S. Chuepeng, A. Tsolakis, K. Theinnoi, H. M. Xu and M.L. Wyszynski, A Study of Quantitative Impact on Emissions of High Proportion RME-Based Biodiesel Blends. SAE Paper, 2007-01-0072, 2007.
[25] S. Chuepeng, H. M. Xu, A. Tsolakis, M. L. Wyszynski, P. Price, R. Stone, J. C. Hartland and J. Qiao, Particulate Emissions from a Common Rail Fuel Injection Diesel Engine with RME-based Biodiesel Blended Fuelling Using Thermo-gravimetric Analysis. SAE Paper, 2008-01-0074, 2008.
[26] A. Tsolakis, A. Megaritis and M.L. Wyszynski, Low temperature exhaust gas fuel reforming of diesel fuel. Fuel Volume 83, 2004. 83(13): p. 1837-1845.
[27] A.Tsolakis, A. Megaritis and D. Yap, Application of exhaust gas fuel reforming in diesel and homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engines fuelled with biofuels. Energy Volume 33, 2008. 33(3): p. 462-470.
[28] A. Abu-Jrai, A. Tsolakis and A. Megaritis, The influence of H2 and CO on diesel engine combustion characteristics, exhaust gas emissions, and after treatment selective catalytic NOx reduction. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy Volume 32, 2007. 32(15): p. 3565-3571.
[29] A. Tsolakis and A. Megaritis, Partially premixed charge compression ignition engine with on-board H2 production by exhaust gas fuel reforming of diesel and biodiesel. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy Volume 30, 2005. 30(7): p. 731-745.
[30] A. Tsolakis and A. Megaritis, Exhaust gas assisted reforming of rapeseed methyl ester for reduced exhaust emissions of CI engines. Biomass and Bioenergy Volume 27, 2004. 27(5): p. 493-505.
[31] Hirotatsu Watanabe, Yoshikazu Suwa, Yohsuke Matsushita, Yoshio Morozumi, Hideyuki Aoki, Shoji Tanno and T. Miura, Spray combustion simulation including soot and NO formation. Energy Conversion and Management Volume 48, 2007. 48(7): p. 2077-2089.
[32] Nik Rosli Abdullah, Rizalman Mamat, P. Rounce, A. Tsolakis, M.L. Wyszynski and H.M. Xu, Effect of Injection Pressure with Split Injection in a V6 Diesel Engine. SAE Paper, 2009-24-0049, 2009.
[33] Nik Rosli Abdullah, Rizalman Mamat, P. Rounce, M. L. Wyszynski, A. Tsolakis, H.M. Xu and G. Tian, The Effect of Injection Pressure and Strategy in a Jaguar V6 Diesel Engine. Journal of International Combustion Engines (KONES 2009), 2009. 13.
[34] Rizalman Mamat, Nik Rosli Abdullah, H. Xu, M.L.Wyszynski and A.Tsolakis, “Effect of Air Intake Pressure Drop on Performance and Emissions of Diesel Engine Operating with Biodiesel and Ultra Low Sulphur Diesel (ULSD)”. International Conference on Renewable Energies and Power Quality 2009., 2009.
[35] Rizalman Mamat, Nik Rosli Abdullah, Hongming Xu, Miroslaw L. Wyszynski and A. Tsolakis, Effect of Fuel Temperature on Performance and Emissions of a Common Rail Diesel Engine Operating with Rapeseed Methyl Ester (RME). SAE Paper, 2009-01-1896.
[36] D.T. Hountalas and D. A. Kouremenos, K.B.B., V. Schwarz, G. C. Mavropoulos, Effect of Injection Pressure on the Performance and Exhaust Emissions of a Heavy Duty DI Diesel Engine. SAE, 2003-01-0340.
[37] J Benajes*, S Molina, R Novella and K. DeRudder, Influence of injection conditions and exhaust gas recirculation in a high-speed direct-injection diesel engine operating with a late split injection. Proc. IMechE Vol. 222 Part D: J. Automobile Engineering, 10 January 2008. 222: p. 13.
[38] Siddappa S. Bhusnoor and M. K. Gajendra Babu, J.P.S., Studies on Performance and Exhaust Emissions of a CI Engine Operating on Diesel and Diesel Biodiesel Blends at Different Injection Pressures and Injection Timings. SAE, 2007-01-0613.
[39] 39. A. Vanegas, H. Won, C. Felsch, M. Gauding and N. Peters, Experimental Investigation of the Effect of Multiple Injections on Pollutant Formation in a Common-Rail DI Diesel Engine. SAE Paper, 2008-01-1191, 2008.
[40] Cheolwoong Park, Sanghoon Kook and C. Bae, Effects of Multiple Injections in a HSDI Diesel Engine Equipped With Common Rail Injection System. SAE Paper, 2004-01-0127, 2004.
[41] Dhananjaya D A, Mohanan P and S.C. V, Effect of injection pressure and injection timing on a semiadiabatic CI engine fuelled with blends of Jatropha Oil Methyl Esters. SAE Paper, 2008-28-0070, 2008.
[42] Mark P. B. Musculus, Thierry Lachaux, Lyle M. Pickett and C.A. Idicheria, End-of-Injection Over-Mixing and Unburned Hydrocarbon Emissions in Low-Temperature-Combustion Diesel Engines. SAE Paper, 2007-01-0907, 2007.
[43] Julian T. Kashdan, Sylvain Mendez and G. Bruneaux, On the origin of Unburned Hydrocarbon Emissions in a Wall Guided, Low NOx Diesel Combustion System. SAE Paper, 2007-01-1836, 2007.
[44] Özer Can, Ismet Çelikten and N. Usta, Effects of ethanol addition on performance and emissions of a turbocharged indirect injection Diesel engine running at different injection pressures. Energy Conversion and Management, Volume 45, 2004. 45(15-16): p. 2429-2440.
[45] Cenk Sayin, Kadir Uslu and M. Canakci, Influence of injection timing on the exhaust emissions of a dual-fuel CI engine. Renewable Energy, Volume 33, 2008. 33(6): p. 1314-1323.
[46] Mohammad Ghaffarpour and A.R. Noorpoor, NOx reduction in diesel engines using rate shaping and pilot injection. Int. J. Automotive Technology and Management Volume 7, 2007. No. 1,Vol. 7: p. 15.
[47] N Horibe, S Harada, T Ishiyama and M. Shioji, Improvement of premixed charge compression ignitionbased combustion by two-stage injection. Int. J. Engine Res. IMechE, 2009. Vol. 10: p. 10.
[48] Shuji Kimura, Osamu Aoki, Hiroshi Ogawa, Shigeo Muranaka and Y. Enomoto, New Combustion Concept for Ultra-Clean and High-Efficiency Small DI Diesel Engines. SAE Paper, 1999-01-3681, 1999.
[49] Sanghoon Kook, Choongsik Bae, Paul C. Miles, Dae Choi and L.M. Pickett, The Influence of Charge Dilution and Injection Timing on Low - Temperature Diesel Combustion and Emissions. SAE Paper, 2005-01-3837, 2005.
[50] Sanghoon Kook, Choongsik Bae, Paul C. Miles, Dae Choi, Michael Bergin and R.D. Reitz, The Effect of Swirl Ratio and Fuel Injection Parameters on CO Emission and Fuel Conversion Efficiency for High-Dilution, Low-Temperature Combustion in an Automotive Diesel Engine. SAE Paper,2006-01-0197, 2006.
[51] Richard Opat, Youngchul Ra, Manuel A. Gonzalez D., Roger Krieger, Rolf D. Reitz, David E. Foster, Russell P. Durrett and R.M. Siewert, Investigation of Mixing and Temperature Effects on HC/CO Emissions for Highly Dilute Low Temperature Combustion in a Light Duty Diesel Engine. SAE Paper, 2007-01-0193, 2007.
[52] N. A. Henein, A. Bhattacharyya, J. Schipper, A. Kastury and W. Bryzik, Effect of Injection Pressure and Swirl Motion on Diesel Engine-out Emissions in Conventional and Advanced Combustion Regimes. SAE Paper,2006-01-0076, 2006.
[53] R. E. Morgan, M. R. Gold, O. Laguitton, C. Crua and M.R. Heikal, Characterisation of the Soot Formation Processes in a High Pressure Combusting Diesel Fuel Spray. SAE Paper, 2003-01-3086, 2003.
[54] Byeong-il An, Yoshio Sato, Seang-Wock Lee and T. Takayanagi, Effects of Injection Pressure on Combustion of a Heavy Duty Diesel Engine With Common Rail DME Injection Equipment. SAE Paper, 2004-01-1864.
[55] P Carlucci, A Ficarella and D. Laforgia, Effects on combustion and emissions of early and pilot fuel injections in diesel engines. Int. J. Engine Res. Vol. 6 No. 1, 2004. 1: p. 18.
[56] M. Badami, F. Millo and D.D. D’Amato, Experimental Investigation on Soot and NOx Formation in a DI Common Rail Diesel Engine with Pilot Injection. SAE Paper, 2001-01-0657, 2001.
[57] Feng Tao and P. Bergstrand, Effect of Ultra-High Injection Pressure on Diesel Ignition and Flame under High-Boost Conditions. SAE Paper, 2008-01-1603, 2008.
[58] D. T. Hountalas, G. C. Mavropoulos, T. C. Zannis and V. Schwarz., Possibilities to Achieve Future Emission Limits for HD DI Diesel Engines Using Internal Measures. SAE Paper, 2005-01-0377.
[59] K. V. Tanin, D. D. Wickman, D. T. Montgomery, S. Das and R.D. Reitz, The Influence of Boost Pressure on Emissions and Fuel Consumption of a Heavy-Duty Single-Cylinder D.I. Diesel Engine. SAE Paper, 1999-01-0840, 1999.
[60] Dec, J.E., Advanced compression-ignition engines - Understanding the in-cylinder processes. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Volume 32, 2009. 32.
[61] Dale R.Tree and K.I. Svensson, Soot processes in compression ignition engines. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science Volume 33, 2007. 33(3): p. 272-309.
[62] Kazuhiro Akihama, Yoshiki Takatori, Kazuhisa Inagaki, Shizuo Sasaki and A.M. Dean, Mechanism of the Smokeless Rich Diesel Combustion by Reducing Temperature. SAE Paper, 2001-01-0655, 2001.
Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-article-BWM4-0031-0021