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http://yadda.icm.edu.pl:80/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-article-BWM4-0008-0043

Czasopismo

Archivum Combustionis

Tytuł artykułu

The Effect of Combustion Energy Recuperation in an Annular Double-layer Catalytic Converter

Autorzy Budzianowski, W. M.  Miller, R. 
Treść / Zawartość http://archcomb.itc.pw.edu.pl/
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
Abstrakty
EN The following contribution deals with catalytic combustion of lean gaseous fuels in an annular double-layer catalytic micro-converter with integrated exhaust energy recuperation. With the proposed design industrially preferred auto-thermal operation was attained for 112 ppmv propane content in adiabatic conditions with inlet temperature of 300 K. The miniaturized recuperative converter exhibited bifurcational changes for very low combustible content with extinction fold located below Tin = 300 K. The increase in fuel concentration enabled compensation of external cooling to certain level. For well insulated modular set of converters internal converter may be treated as adiabatic and external converters non-adiabaticity should be compensated by an additional increase in fuel concentration. For a given converter and fuel a strict range of gas velocities (or GHSV) should be specified. The low value of gas velocity was the key parameter in efficient heat recuperation. The high value of gas velocity led to higher combustion energy release. With too low value of gas velocity combustion energy release was too small with relation to wall heat conduction so as appropriate axial temperature gradient might not develop and higher temperature in the catalytic section of the converter was not attained leading to extinction. With too high value of gas velocity heat recuperation efficiency was too low and extinction was exhibited. To attain higher value of GHSV a more efficient recuperator should be applied, which may be attained with listed heat transfer enhancement techniques.
Słowa kluczowe
PL spalanie  
EN combustion  
Wydawca Komitet Termodynamiki i Spalania PAN
Czasopismo Archivum Combustionis
Rocznik 2007
Tom Vol. 27 nr 3-4
Strony 123--134
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 11 poz., rys.
Twórcy
autor Budzianowski, W. M.
autor Miller, R.
  • Division of Chemical and Biochemical Processes, Faculty of Chemistry, Wrocław University of Technology, Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego 27, 50-370 Wroclaw, Poland, wojciech.budzianowski@pwr.wroc.pl
Bibliografia
[1] Zięba A., Banaszak T., Miller R.: Thermal-catalytic oxidation of waste gases. Appl. Catal. A: Gen. 124, (1995), 47-57.
[2] Dobrego K.V., Gniesdilov N. N., Kozlov I.M., Bubnovich V.I., Gonzalez H.A.: Numerical investigation of the new regenerator-recuperator scheme of VOC oxidizer. Int. J. Heat Mass Transf. 48, (2005), 4695-4703.
[3] Gniesdilov N. N., Dobrego K.V., Kozlov I.M.: Parametric study of recuperative VOC oxidation reactor with porous media. Int. J. Heat Mass Transf. 50, (2007), 2787-2794.
[4] Budzianowski W. M.: Catalytic ignition and extinction in the combustion of propane utilizing different types of structured converters. Proceedings of the XIX Polish Conference of Chemical and Process Engineering, September 3-9, (2007), Rzeszow-Poland 2, (2007), 39-42.
[5] Kotani Y., Takeno T.: An experimental study on stability and combustion characteristics of an excess enthalpy flame. Nineteenth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Haifa (Israel) August 8-13, (1982), 1503-1509.
[6] Minhas H., Lock G. S. H.: Numerical analysis of heat transfer in an air-filled bayonet tube under laminar conditions. Int. J. Heat Mass Transf. 39, (1996), 761-769.
[7] O'Doherty T., Jolly A. J., Bates C. J.: Analysis of bayonet type heat exchanger. Appl. Therm. Eng. 21, (2001), 1-18.
[8] Khinast J.G., Luss D.: Efficient bifurcation analysis of periodically-forced distributed parameter systems. Comp. Chem. Eng. 24, (2000), 139-152.
[9] Budzianowski W. M.: Transient behaviour of annular catalytic converters. Arch. Comb. 27, (2007) in press.
[10] Webb R.L.: Principles of enhanced heat transfer. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 1994
[11] Budzianowski W. M., Koziol A.: Stripping of ammonia from aqueous solutions in the presence of carbon dioxide: effect of negative enhancement of mass transfer. Trans. IChemE. A: Chem. Eng. Res. Des. 83(A2), (2005), 196-204.
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