Adenosine triphosphate in the marine boundary layer in the southern Baltic Sea
Changes in adenosine triphosphate (ATP) concentration were measured in the offshore and coastal waters of the Gdansk Basin in spring. As regards the vertical distribution, it was found that high ATP concentrations occurred mainly in the euphotic layer (above the thermocline) and near the bottom (below the halocline). The high concentrations of ATP in the euphotic layer resulted from primary and secondary production, while the other maximum was due to the presence of bacteria actively degrading organic matter. Changes in ATP concentration in the euphotic layer were closely correlated with the phase of the day. An increase in ATP concentrations in the surface microlayer was observed in the evening and at night, probably as a result of heterotroph proliferation. During daylight, ATP production was inhibited by increasing radiation, hence its concentrations in the sea surface microlayer were considerably lower. Strong winds exerted a significant influence on ATP concentrations in the surface microlayer and in the subsurface water. Windstress depressed ATP concentrations. The biomass of living microorganisms in the microlayer was comparable with the microbiomass beneath the halocline.
Bibliogr. 14 poz., tab., wykr.