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Archives of Environmental Protection

Tytuł artykułu

The effect of soil contamination level and plant origin on contents of arsenic, cadmium, zinc, and arsenic compounds in Mentha Aquatica L

Autorzy Száková, J.  Tlustoš, P.  Goessler, W.  Pokorný, T.  Findenig, S.  Balik, J. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
EN Water mint (Mentha aquatica L.) belongs to the arsenic tolerant plant species suitable for cultivation in Central European climate conditions. Therefore, its possible application for remediation of contaminated soil was investigated in pot and field experiments. Two M. aquatica plants of different origin, i) commercially market-available mint plants, and ii) plants habituated at the arsenic contaminated former mining area in southern Tuscany (Italy) were tested for their arsenic uptake, transformation, and speciation. The total arsenic concentrations in the experimental soils varied from 21 to 1573 mg As kg-1, the mobile fractions did not exceed 2% of total soil arsenic. The mint plants originating from the contaminated area were able to remove ~400 μg of arsenic per pot, whereas the commercial plant removed a significantly lower amount (~300 μg of arsenic per pot). Only arsenite and arsenate, but no organoarsenic compounds were identified in both stems and leaves. Arsenate was the predominant arsenic compound and reached up to 80% regardless of the origin of the mint plants. Although M. aquatica seems to be able to grow in contaminated soils without symptoms of phytotoxicity, its efficiency to remove arsenic from the soil is limited as can be demonstrated by total elimination of As from individual pots not exceeding 0.1%. Moreover, the application of plants originating from the contaminated site did not result in sufficient increase of potential phytoextraction efficiency of M. aquatica. Although not suitable for phytoextraction the M. aquatica plants can be used as vegetation cover of the contaminated soil at the former mining areas.
Słowa kluczowe
PL Mentha aquatica   arsen   kadm   cynk   specjacja   obszar skażony   zanieczyszczenia gleby   fitostabilizacja  
EN Mentha aquatica   arsenic   cadmium   zinc   speciation   contaminated area   phytostabilization  
Wydawca Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Environmental Engineering, Committee of Environmental Engineering
Czasopismo Archives of Environmental Protection
Rocznik 2011
Tom Vol. 37, no. 2
Strony 109--121
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 45 poz., tab., wykr.
autor Száková, J.
autor Tlustoš, P.
autor Goessler, W.
autor Pokorný, T.
autor Findenig, S.
autor Balik, J.
  • Department of Agroenvironmental Chemistry and Plant Nutrition, Czech University of Life Sciences, CZ-165 21 Prague 6, Czech Republic,
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