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Polish Geological Institute Special Papers

Tytuł artykułu

Petrological studies of low temperature oxidation of lignites

Autorzy Markova, K.  Stefanova, Y.  Boneva, M. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
EN The low temperature oxidation processes which has taken place in lignites and their lithotypes (xylain, humovitrain, semifusain, fusain and liptain) from the East Maritza basin have been studied. The changes occurring in the coals/lithotypes composition and structure during their oxidation have been followed by examining reflectance, microhardness, proximate, ultimate, functional, and increment analyses. The main kinetic parameters such as duration of the induction period, maximum and stationary rates and the apparent activation energies were evaluated. The complex investigation provides a detailed information for the behaviour of low rank coals and their lithotypes towards the action of atmospheric oxygen. Thus some suggestions concerning the mechanisms of their oxidation reactions can be made. The individual way of the genesis of each one of the lithotypes and the resulting physicochemical structure predetermine the basic mechanism of these reactions. However, it has been found that in spite of the similar genesis the lithotypes differ in the mechanism of their oxidation. For xylain the oxidation takes place mainly via aryl radicals yielding tertiary peroxide and carbonyl groups. The oxidation of humovitrain is characterised by the dominant participation of aroxyl radicals resulting in accumulation of primary hydroperoxide and phenol groups. The oxidation of semifusain leads mainly to the formation of molecular products. The oxidation of fusain is found to be essentially different from that of other lithotypes. It is characterised by the formation of carbonyl groups attached to biphenyl aromatic structures. The peculiar petrographic composition and structure of liptain account for the occurrence of oxidation processes accompanied by destruction reactions at relatively lower temperatures. It has been established that the intensity of the oxidation processes varies from one lithotype to an other. Xylain and humovitrain oxidise most intensively. The intensity drops off from the first towards the second member of the corresponding genetic series, i.e. from xylain to humovitrain and from semifusain to fusain.
Słowa kluczowe
EN lignites   lithotypes   oxidation   East Maritza Iztok basin  
Wydawca Państwowy Instytut Geologiczny - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy
Czasopismo Polish Geological Institute Special Papers
Rocznik 2002
Tom Vol. 7
Strony 159--168
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 35 poz., tab., wykr.
autor Markova, K.
autor Stefanova, Y.
autor Boneva, M.
  • Sofia University "St. Kl. Ohridski", 15 Tzar Osvoboditel Blvd., 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria
Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-article-BUS6-0026-0037