Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
Tytuł artykułu

Unusual Baltic inflow activity in 2002-2003 and varying deep-water properties

Warianty tytułu
The 5th Baltic Sea Science Congress, Sopot, 20-24 June 2005
Języki publikacji
The unusual sequence of inflow events into the Baltic Sea that occurred in 2002 and 2003 includes the first ever important baroclinic inflow to be described (August 2002), the Major Baltic Inflow (January 2003), which gave rise to the highest oxygen levels in the Gotland Deep since the 1930s, and the baroclinic inflow (August 2003) that elevated the Gotland Basin deep water salinity to values last observed in 1977, and caused the surface salinity to rise again. From these trend changes, salt residence times were estimated at about 20 years in the deep waters and 30 years above the pycnocline. Ventilation of the remote Karlsö Deep took until 2005, two years after the inflow event responsible, at a time when the Bornholm and Eastern Gotland Basins were already returning to stagnation.
Opis fizyczny
bibliogr. 36 poz., wykr.
  • 1. Aneer G., Höglander H., 2005, Report on the conditions of the coastal and offshore waters of the Baltic Proper, Information Office for the Baltic Proper, County Administrative Board of Stockholm, 7 September 2005, Inf. 9/05, [].
  • 2. Feistel R., 1999, New shoreline map-drawing data available, Eos Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 80 (22), 249 pp., Electron. Suppl., [ eos elec/99063e.html].
  • 3. Feistel R., Nausch G., Hagen E., 2003a, The Baltic inflow of autumn 2001, Meereswiss. Ber., 54, 55-68, [ documents/mebe54 inflow01.pdf].
  • 4. Feistel R., Nausch G., Heene T., Piechura J., Hagen E., 2004b, Evidence for a warm water inflow into the Baltic Proper in summer 2003, Oceanologia, 46 (4), 581-598, [].
  • 5. Feistel R., Nausch G., Matthäus W., Hagen E., 2003b, Temporal and spatial evolution of the Baltic deep water renewal in spring 2003, Oceanologia, 45 (4), 623-642, [].
  • 6. Feistel R., Nausch G., Matthäus W., Łysiak-Pastuszak E., Seifert T., Sehested Hansen I., Mohrholz V., Krüger S., Buch E., Hagen E., 2004a, Background data to the exceptionally warm inflow into the Baltic Sea in late summer of 2002, Meereswiss. Ber., 58, 1-58, [ 2004 paper.pdf].
  • 7. Feistel R., Nausch G., Mohrholz V., Łysiak-Pastuszak E., Seifert T., Matthäus W., Krüger S., Sehested Hansen I., 2003c, Warm waters of summer 2002 in the deep Baltic Proper, Oceanologia, 45 (4), 571-592, [].
  • 8. Fischer H., Matthäus W., 1996, The importance of the Drogden Sill in the Sound for major Baltic inflows, J. Marine Syst., 9 (3-4), 137-157.
  • 9. Folke C., Hammer M., Jansson A.-M., 1991, Life-support value of ecosystems: a case study of the Baltic Sea region, Ecol. Econ., 3, 123-137.
  • 10. Franck H., Matthäus W., Sammler R., 1987, Major inflows of saline water into the Baltic Sea during the present century, Gerlands Beitr. Geophys., 96, 517-531.
  • 11. Hagen E., Feistel R., 2001, Spreading of Baltic deep water: A case study for the winter 1997-1998, Meereswiss. Ber., 45, 99-133, [].
  • 12. Hagen E., Feistel R., 2004, Observations of low-frequency current fluctuations in deep water of the Eastern Gotland Basin/Baltic Sea, J. Geophys. Res., 109 (C03044), 1-15, [].
  • 13. Hagen E., Feistel R., 2005, Climatic turning points and regime shifts in the Baltic Sea region: The Baltic winter index (1659-2002), Boreal Environ. Res., 10, 211-224, [].
  • 14. Hansson D., Omstedt A., 2005, The Baltic Sea ocean climate system memory and response to changes in the heat and the water balance components, (presented at the BSSC, Sopot, Poland, 2005, unpublished).
  • 15. Hela I., 1944, Űber die Schwankungen des Wasserstandes in der Ostsee mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des Wasseraustausches durch die dänischen Gewässer, Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn., 28, 1-108.
  • 16. HELCOM, 2002, Manual of marine monitoring in the COMBINE programme of HELCOM, Baltic Mar. Environ. Prot. Commiss., Helsinki, (updated 2001/2002), [http.//].
  • 17. Holm E., 1995, Plutonium in the Baltic Sea, Appl. Radiat. Isotopes, 46, 1225-1229.
  • 18. Jacobsen T. S., 1980, Sea water exchange of the Baltic - measurements and methods. The Belt Project, Nat. Agency Environ. Prot., Denmark.
  • 19. Knudsen M., 1900, Ein hydrographischer Lehrsatz, Ann. Hydrogr. Mar. Meteorol., 28( 7), 316-320.
  • 20. Matthäus W., Franck H., 1992, Characteristics of major Baltic inflows - a statistical analysis, Cont. Shelf Res., 12 (12), 1375-1400.
  • 21. Matthäus W., Lass H.U., Francke E., Schwabe R., 1983, Zur Veränderlichkeit des Volumen- und Salztransports über die Darsser Schwelle, Gerlands Beitr. Geophys., 92, 407-420.
  • 22. Matthäus W., Nausch G., Lass H.U., Nagel K., Siegel H., 1998, The Baltic Sea in 1997 - impacts of the extremely warm summer and of the exceptional Oder flood, Dt. Hydrogr. Z., 50 (1), 47-69.
  • 23. Matthäus W., Schinke H., 1999, The influence of river runoff on deep water conditions of the Baltic Sea, Hydrobiologia, 393 (1), 1-10.
  • 24. Meier H. E.M., Modeling the age of Baltic Sea water masses: Inter-annual variability, steady-state sensitivity experiments, and scenarios, (presented at the BSSC, Sopot, Poland, 2005, unpublished).
  • 25. Meier H. E.M., Kauker F., 2003, Sensitivity of the Baltic Sea salinity to the freshwater supply, Climate Res., 24 (3), 231-242.
  • 26. Nehring D., 1990, Die hydrographisch-chemischen Bedingungen in der westlichen und zentralen Ostsee von 1979 bis 1988 - ein Vergleich, Meereswiss. Ber., 2, 3-45.
  • 27. Nehring D., Matthäus W., 1990, Aktuelle Trends hydrographischer und chemischer Parameter in der Ostsee, 1958-1989, Meereswiss. Ber., 2, 47-79.
  • 28. Paka V., Features of water exchange in vicinity of the Słupsk Sill and adjoining areas - field experiment, (presented at the BSSC, Sopot, Poland, 2005, unpublished).
  • 29. Piechura J., Beszczyńska-Möller A., 2004, Inflow waters in the deep regions of the southern Baltic Sea - transport and transformations, Oceanologia, 46 (1), 113-141, [ 1.html\#A7].
  • 30. Piechura J., On the dynamics of inflow water in the Baltic Sea, (presented at the BSSC, Sopot, Poland, 2005, unpublished).
  • 31. Seifert T., Kayser B., 1995, A high resolution spherical grid topography of the Baltic Sea, Meereswiss. Ber., 9, 71-88.
  • 32. Thiel G., 1938, Strombeobachtungen in der westlichen Ostsee im Juli 1936, Arch. Dtsch. Seewarte Marineobs., 58, 1-28.
  • 33. Wasmund N., 2004, IOW Cruise Report 11/04/06, July 2004, [].
  • 34. Welander P., 1974, Two-layer exchange in an estuary basin with special reference to the Baltic Sea, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 4, 542-556.
  • 35. Wüst G., Noodt E., Hagmeier E., 1957, Ergebnisse eines hydrographischproduktionsbiologischen Längsschnitts durch die Ostsee im Sommer 1956. I. Die Verteilung von Temperatur, Salzgehalt und Dichte, Kieler Meeresforsch., 13, 163-185.
  • 36. Wyrtki K., 1954, Der große Salzeinbruch in die Ostsee im November und Dezember 1951, Kieler Meeresforsch., 10, 19-25.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.