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Journal of KONES

Tytuł artykułu

„Shore to ship” system - an alternative electric power supply in port

Autorzy Borkowski, T.  Tarnapowicz, D. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
EN Greater interdependence and integration among the countries worldwide have resulted in the growth of the world trade and, what follows, marine transportation. In the last few years, despite the world economic stagnation, the number of ships has increased. An increase in the marine transportation means greater air pollution caused by ships, what is of paramount importance for the port cities. One of the efficient ways of limiting the negative impact of ships lying in ports on the environment is the power supply from the local electricity stations. This will allow for turning marine power generating systems off, what will result in the emission elimination in the ship’s mooring time along with the decrease of noise and vibrations. The infrastructure of the port electric installation necessary for the ships’ supply has to be designed so as to make the operating of different ship types possible. It is complicated as all over the world ships are equipped with different electric systems. The paper deals with general issues related to common nominal voltages and frequencies for vessels which call in European harbours and their estimated power demands. Additionally, a case study of a ferry vessel, currently undergoing retrofitting for shore connections, is presented and some particulars concerning technical solutions and environmental profits are described.
Słowa kluczowe
EN alternative marine power   electric shore-side supply   auxiliary diesel engine   exhaust emission  
Wydawca Institute of Aviation
Czasopismo Journal of KONES
Rocznik 2012
Tom Vol. 19, No. 3
Strony 49--58
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 11 poz., rys.
autor Borkowski, T.
autor Tarnapowicz, D.
  • Maritime University of Szczecin Waly Chrobrego Street 1-2, 70-500 Szczecin, Poland tel.: +48 91 4809400, fax: 48 91 4809575,
[1] Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament, Thematic Strategy on air pollution Brussels, 21.9.2005.
[2] Helcom Maritime, Helsinki Commission, Maritime Group, Ninth Meeting, Norrköping, Sweden, 9-11 November 2010.
[3] International Maritime Organization, MARPOL Annex VI, Regulations for the Prevention of Air Pollution from Ships, MAPROL Conference, 1997.
[4] Guidelines for monitoring the worldwide average sulphur content of fuel oils supplied for use on board ships, Resolution MEPC.192(61), Adopted on 1 October 2010.
[5] Ashrae TC 2.6 Technical Committee Sound & Vibration Generator Noise Control, An Overview, Atlantic City New Jersey, USA, (, 2002.
[6] Tarnapowicz, D., An alternative power supply: the use of ships in port as an environmentally friendly solution, Studia i materiały Polskiego Stowarzyszenia Zarządzania Wiedzą 45 2011/304 VIII Międzynarodową Konferencję, Systemy Wspomagania w Zarządzaniu Środowiskiem, Zielona Gora - Drezno 8-11 września 2011.
[7] Directive 2005/33/Ec of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 1999/32/EC.
[8] ISO, Reciprocating internal combustion engines, Exhaust emission measurement, Part 3, Definitions and methods of measurement of exhaust gas smoke under steady-state conditions. ISO 8178-3:1994.
[9] Ericson, P., Fazlagic, I., Shore – Side Power Supply, Chalmers University of Technology, Goteborg, Sweden 2008.
[10] http://www.bunkerworld.
Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-article-BUJ8-0019-0005