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http://yadda.icm.edu.pl:80/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-article-BUJ8-0004-0018

Czasopismo

Journal of KONES

Tytuł artykułu

Application and comparison of soy based biodiesel fuel to ultra low sulfur diesel fuel in a HPCR diesel engine - Part II: combustion and emissions

Autorzy Mathur, V. K.  Moscherosch, B. W.  Polonowski, C. J.  Naber, J. D. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
Abstrakty
EN Biofuels have the potential to diversify transportation energy sources and reduce dependence on petroleum based fuels. Of these biofuels, Methyl-ester biodiesel holds significant potential as it has many characteristics similar to petroleum based diesel and can be blended with petroleum. However, biodiesel's differences in viscosity, specific energy, oxygen content, and cetane number can cause significant changes in engine performance and emissions. Therefore, it is of prime interest to understand the combustion behaviour of biodiesel and identify key factors that contribute changes in engine performance and emissions. In this study, a 100% biodiesel fuel derived from soy and an ultra low sulphur diesel fuel were tested in a high-speed direct-injection high pressure common rail four-cylinder 1.9L diesel engine. The engine control strategy allowed real time calibration and testing of independent control parameters including start of injection, injection duration, injection pressure, and exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) level. The engine was equipped with in-cylinder pressure transducers for combustion analysis. Instrumentation for gaseous emissions detection and carbaceous particulate matter (PM) sampling was also utilized. Both the fuels were studied under varied injection timing of 0centigrade BTDC to 12 centigrade BTDC in increments of 3 centigrade, EGR percentages of 0 and 10%, and injection pressures of 400 to 900 bar. Analysis was performed to determine the rate of heat release, ignition delay, NOX and PM emissions.
Słowa kluczowe
EN biodiesel   combustion   EGR   injection timing   emissions  
Wydawca Łukasiewicz Research Network - Institute of Aviation
European Science Society of Powertrain and Transport KONES Poland
Wydawnictwo Instytutu Technicznego Wojsk Lotniczych
Czasopismo Journal of KONES
Rocznik 2008
Tom Vol. 15, No. 4
Strony 311--320
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 11 poz., rys.
Twórcy
autor Mathur, V. K.
autor Moscherosch, B. W.
autor Polonowski, C. J.
autor Naber, J. D.
  • Michigan Technological University 1400 Townsend Dr, Houghton, MI - 49931, USA tel.: 01 9063701392, fax: 01 6079748799, vkmathur@mtu.edu
Bibliografia
[1] A Comprehensive Analysis of Biodiesel Impacts on Exhaust Emissions, United States Environmental Protection Agency, EPA 420-P-02-001, 2002.
[2] Patterson, J., Hassan, M. G., Clarke, A., Shama, G., Hellgardt, K., Chen, R., Experimental Study of DI diesel Engine Performance Using Three Different Biodiesel fuels, SAE paper 2006-01-0234, 2006.
[3] Senatore, A., Cardone, M., Buono, D., Rocco, V., Allocca, L., Vitolo, S., Performances and Emissions Optimization of a CR Diesel Engine Fuelled with Biodiesel, SAE Paper 2006-01-01235, 2006.
[4] Miers, S. A., Ng, H., Ciatti, S. A., Stork, K., Emissions, Performance, and In-Cylinder Combustion Analysis in a Light-Duty Diesel Engine Operating on a Fischer-Trospch, biomass-to-liquid Fuel, SAE 2005-01-3670, 2005.
[5] Schmidt, K., Gerpen, J. V., The Effect of Biodiesel Fuel Composition on Diesel Combustion and Emissions, SAE Paper 961086, 1996.
[6] Hribernik, A., Kegl, B., Influence of Biodiesel Fuel on the Combustion and Emission Formation in a Direct Injection (DI) Diesel Engine, Energy & Fuels, 2007, Vol. 21, pp. 1760-1767.
[7] Owen, K., Coley, T., Automotive fuels Reference Book, Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, PA, 1995.
[8] Wong, C. L., Steere, D. E., The Effects of diesel Fuel Properties and Engine Operating conditions on Ignition Delay, SAE Paper 821231, 1982.
[9] Heywood, J. B., Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals, McGraw-Hill book Company, New York, 1988.
[10] Graboski, M. S., McCormick, R. L., Combustion of Fat and Vegetable Oil Derived Fuels in Diesel Engines, Prog. Energy Combustion Science, 1998, Vol. 24, pp. 125-164.
[11] Chun, K. M., Heywood, J. B., Estimating Heat-Release and Mass-of-Mixture Burned from Spark-Ignition Engine Pressure Data, Combustion Science and Technology, 1987, Vol. 54, pp. 133-143.
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