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http://yadda.icm.edu.pl:80/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-article-BUJ8-0003-0009

Czasopismo

Journal of KONES

Tytuł artykułu

Application and comparison of soy based biodiesel fuel to ultra low sulfur diesel fuel in a HPCR diesel engine - part I: engine performance parameters

Autorzy Mathur, V. K.  Moscherosch, B. W.  Polonowski, C. J.  Naber, J. D. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
Abstrakty
EN In the US transportation sector uses two-thirds of the country's total oil consumption. In order to minimize the consumption in this sector there is a need to investigate alternate sources of energy. Biodiesel is a possible alternative to conventional diesel. Biodiesel has many characteristics similar to petroleum based diesel and can be blended with petroleum. However biodiesel's differences in fuel properties including viscosity, bulk modulus, density, and energy content can have significant impacts on engine performance parameters like BSFC and thermal efficiency. As the availability of biodiesel fuel increases, the need for engines capable of running on various mixtures of biodiesel fuel will be required. Similar to flex-fuel ethanol vehicles, control systems for the diesel engine and aftertreatment systems will need to detect and compensate for the fuel type. In this work, a soy based B100 biodiesel fuel and an ultra low sulfur diesel fuel were tested in a high-speed direct-injection high pressure common rail four-cylinder 1.9 L diesel engine. An internally developed engine control strategy allowed real-time calibration and testing of independent control parameters including start of injection, injection duration, injection pressure, and exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) level. Both the fuels were studied under varied injection timing (0°BTDC to 12°BTDC with increments of 3°) and EGR percentages of 0 and 10%. Analysis was performed to determine the Torque, BSFC and Brake thermal efficiency.
Słowa kluczowe
EN biodiesel   EGR   injection timing   performance  
Wydawca Łukasiewicz Research Network - Institute of Aviation
European Science Society of Powertrain and Transport KONES Poland
Wydawnictwo Instytutu Technicznego Wojsk Lotniczych
Czasopismo Journal of KONES
Rocznik 2008
Tom Vol. 15, No. 3
Strony 327--334
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 11 poz., rys.
Twórcy
autor Mathur, V. K.
autor Moscherosch, B. W.
autor Polonowski, C. J.
autor Naber, J. D.
  • Michigan Technological University 1400 Townsend Dr, Houghton, MI - 49931, USA tel. 01 9063701392, fax: 01 6079748799, vkmathur@mtu.edu
Bibliografia
[1] United States Environmental Protection Agency, A Comprehensive Analysis of Biodiesel Impacts on Exhaust Emissions, EPA 420-P-02-001, 2002.
[2] Patterson, J., Hassan, M. G., Clarke, A., Shama, G., Hellgardt, K., Chen, R., Experimental Study of DI diesel Engine Performance Using Three Different Biodiesel fuels, SAE paper 2006-01-0234, 2006.
[3] Senatore, A., Cardone, M., Buono, D., Rocco, V., Allocca L., Vitolo, S., Performances and Emissions Optimization of a CR Diesel Engine Fuelled with Biodiesel, SAE Paper 2006-01-01235, 2006.
[4] Miers, S. A., Ng, H., Ciatti, S. A., Stork, K., Emissions, Performance, and In-Cylinder Combustion Analysis in a Light-Duty Diesel Engine Operating on a Fischer-Trospch, biomass-to-liquid Fuel, SAE 2005-01-3670, 2005.
[5] Schmidt, K., Gerpen, J. V., The Effect of Biodiesel Fuel Composition on Diesel Combustion and Emissions, SAE Paper 961086, 1996.
[6] Hribernik, A., Kegl, B., Influence of Biodiesel Fuel on the Combustion and Emission Formation in a Direct Injection (DI) Diesel Engine, Energy & Fuels, 2007, Vol. 21, p. 1760-1767.
[7] Owen, K., Coley T., Automotive fuels Reference Book, Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, PA, 1995.
[8] Wong, C. L., Steere, D. E., The Effects of diesel Fuel Properties and Engine Operating conditions on Ignition Delay, SAE Paper 821231, 1982.
[9] Naber, J. D., Bradley, E. K., Szpytman, J E., Target Based Rapid Prototyping Control System for Engine Research, SAE Paper 2006-01-0860, 2006.
[10] Acharya, N., Start of Combustion Detection using In-cylinder Ionization Feedback in a HPCR Direct Injection Diesel Engine, M. S. Thesis., Mechanical Engineering, Michigan Technological University, 2006.
[11] Polonowski, C. J., Mathur, V. K., Naber, J. D., Blough, J. R., Accelerometer Based Sensing of Combustion in a High Speed HPCR Diesel Engine, SAE Paper 2007-01-0972, 2007.
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