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http://yadda.icm.edu.pl:80/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-article-BUJ5-0039-0021

Czasopismo

Journal of KONES

Tytuł artykułu

Emissions from marine engines versus IMO certification and requirements of tier 3

Autorzy Herdzik, J. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
Abstrakty
EN The emission of noxious substances from combustion of marine fuels is restricted in respect of the atmosphere protection and International Maritime Organization (IMO) regulations. The IMO requirements were determined by time of being in force. The first tier started in 2000 year, the second in 2011, the third will be valid from 2016 and it will be a necessity to comply those last requirements. In case of NOx - between the first and second tier the emission was limited 20%, while the next step will be limited 80% of the first. This is a very great challenge; because in nowadays marine diesel engines and marine heavy and diesel oils generally applied, it would seem impossible comply those requirements. It was formed environmental controlled areas of NOx emission (ECA) and they will extend. It was determined controlled areas of SOx (SECA). Governments of some countries (USA, Norway) were introduced on own territorial waters the requirements of NOx and SOx emission. In case of exceeding the limits (or a lack of the proper certificate) it was imposed an ecological charge (a form of tax). In Norway from this charge it was created a fund. It is possible to receive a subvention for some actions like an exchange of marine equipment for new one with proper certificate. In the paper it was given an attention to the waiting new challenges for engine producers and ship-owners of fulfilling tier 3 standards or search new substitute solutions.
Słowa kluczowe
EN emission   marine engines   IMO requirements   tier 3  
Wydawca Institute of Aviation
Czasopismo Journal of KONES
Rocznik 2011
Tom Vol. 18, No. 2
Strony 161--167
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 12 poz., rys.
Twórcy
autor Herdzik, J.
  • Gdynia Maritime University Marine Power Plant Department Morska Street 81-87, 81-225 Gdynia, Poland tel.: +48 58 6901430, fax: +48 58 6901399, georgher@am.gdynia.pl
Bibliografia
[1] MARPOL Convention 73/78, Annex VI, IMO, London.
[2] http://www.motorship.com/news101/tier-3-compliant-two-stroke-engine-unveiled-in-japan
[3] Meeting the next challenge, EPA Tier 3 and EPA Tier 4 Marine Emissions Regulations, Bulletin Cummins 4082010, USA 2008.
[4] „Towards IMO Tier III”, MAN Diesel, 2009.
[5] List, H., Fuels for tomorrow, CIMAC AVL Research, 2007.
[6] Ship Power Catalogue, Wartsila 2010.
[7] Buchholz, B., Harndorf, H., Fink, C., IMO Tier 3: Strategies and challenges, Ship & Offshore, No. 4, 2010.
[8] Review of MARPOL Annex VI and the NOx Technical Code, Compliance and Testing Issues for Tier 3 Engines, IMO BLG/12/6/23, 30th November 2007.
[9] Energy and Environmental Efficient Sea Transport, Wartsila, 2009.
[10] http://cmapspublic2.ihmc.us/rid=1159369910396_708838557_837/EIAPP_01.pdf
[11] EIAPP Certificate, 2004 Wartsila Corporation.
[12] Diesel Facts, A Technical Customer Magazine of MAN Diesel & Turbo, No. 4, 2010.
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