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http://yadda.icm.edu.pl:80/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-article-BUJ5-0030-0054

Czasopismo

Journal of KONES

Tytuł artykułu

Testing the results of a passenger vehicle collision with a rigid barrier

Autorzy Borkowski, W.  Hryciów, Z.  Rybak, P.  Wysocki, J. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
Abstrakty
EN High accident index in Poland, including one of the highest death rates in EU, forces undertaking the intense works in order to improve traffic safety. Published road accident statistics indicate that the most dangerous accidents include a vehicle collision with a tree, post or other road object. The road safety barriers make the road infrastructure elements that can signiflcantly protect against that type of accidents. The work presents basie tasks and requirements imposed on the barriers. Problems related to a proper selection of the barriers have been also highlighted. The tools facilitating the barrier design include numerical modelling. The modelling has been done by means of the LS-DYNA software, using the finite element method. A general structure and a developed barrier model as well as vehicle model have been presented. The conditions of the numerical tests have been also specifled. The work presents the results of influence of car impact angle with a rigid safety barrier. Presented results refer to a car o f mas s of 900 kg, making a bas is for the tests of the limiting systems for several limiting levels: including normal limit N2 (according to EN 1317-2). Compared to standard requirements, the scope of numerical tests has been extended by other car impact angle values. The work presents vehicle trajectories and deformations of their bodies. It also includes examples of velocities and acceleration courses and acceleration severity indexes (ASI) calculated on their basis. Obtained results indicate that the barrier location angle has a high influence on the safety level ofthe car passengers as well as on the car motion trajectory after collision
Słowa kluczowe
EN road safety barrier   crash tests   computer simulation   LS-DYNA  
Wydawca Institute of Aviation
Czasopismo Journal of KONES
Rocznik 2010
Tom Vol. 17, No. 1
Strony 51--57
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 8 poz., rys.
Twórcy
autor Borkowski, W.
autor Hryciów, Z.
autor Rybak, P.
autor Wysocki, J.
  • Military University of Technology Kaliskiego Street 2, 00-908 Warsaw, Poland tel: +48 22 6837403, fax.: +48 22 6837370, zhryciow@wat.edu.pl
Bibliografia
[1] CEN, EN 1317-1, Road resistant system – Part 1: Terminology and general criteria for test methods, 1998.
[2] CEN, EN 1317-2, Road resistant system – Part 2: Performances classes, impact test acceptance criteria and test methods for safety barriers, 1998.
[3] Dacko, M., Borkowski, W., Dobrociński, S., Niezgoda, T., Wieczorek, M., Metoda elementów skończonych w mechanice konstrukcji, Arkady, Warszawa 1994.
[4] Hallquist, J. O., LS-DYNA Theoretical Manual, Livemore Software Technology Corporation, Livermore 1998.
[5] Hallquist, J. O., LS-DYNA Keyword User’s Manual. Version 971, Livemore Software Technology Corporation, Livermore 2007.
[6] Kleiber, M., Metoda elementów skończonych w nieliniowej mechanice kontinuum, IPPT PAN, Warszawa-Poznań 1985.
[7] Wypadki drogowe w Polsce w 2007 roku, Komenda Główna Policji, Biuro Prewencji i Ruchu Drogowego, Wydział Profilaktyki w Ruchu Drogowym, Warszawa 2008.
[8] http://www.ncac.gwu.edu/
Kolekcja BazTech
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