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Archaeological objects in loesses recognized by GPR research at the site Karmanowice, Poland

Identyfikatory
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The aim of the research was to examine subsurface soil layers with the use of the Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) method. Neolithic archaeological post in Karmanowice was examined. On the basis of earlier geophysical researches and archaeological premises, eight measurement profiles had been chosen. Ground Penetrating Radar system with antenna of 500 MHz frequency was applied. The meas-urements were made with 30 and 60 ns time windows. The results were shown as the GPR sections. The analysis of the obtained results allowed us to outline anomalies connected with the appearance of archaeological objects in subsurface soil layers. The border between the anthropogenically changed upper layer and undisturbed loess was established, and the sections of slope wash layers were designated. Anomalies were confirmed by digging and test drillings. Additionally, 2D resistivity imaging method was used for verification of specific anthropogenic anomalies.
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Strony
640--651
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
autor
autor
autor
autor
  • University of Silesia, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Department of Applied Geology, Sosnowiec, Poland, aporeba@wnoz.us.edu.pl
Bibliografia
  • Collins, M.E., 1992, Soil taxonomy: A useful guide for the application of ground penetrating radar, Fourth Intern. Conf. on Ground Penetrating Radar, Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 16.
  • Freeland, R.S., R.E. Yoder and J.T. Ammons, 1998, Mapping shallow underground features that influence site-specific agricultural production, J. Appl. Geophys. 40, 19-27.
  • Goodman, D., 1994, Ground penetrating radar simulation in engineering and archaeology, Geophysics 59, 224-232.
  • Griffiths, D.H., and R.D. Barker, 1994, Electrical imaging in archaeology, J. Archaeol. Sc. 21, 153-158.
  • Kruk, J., S.W. Alexandrowicz, S. Milisauskas and Z. Śnieszko, 1996, Settlement and environmental changes on the loess uplands. An fills in the selected Upper Odra Tributary Valleys. Archaeological study of the Neolithic in the Niedzica Basin, Instytut Archeologii i Etnologii PAN, Kraków (in Polish).
  • Negri, S., and G. Leucci, 2006, Geophysical investigation of the Temple of Apollo (Hierapolis, Turkey), J. Archaeol. Sci. 33, 1505-1513.
  • Noel, M., and B. Xu, 1991, Archaeological investigation by electrical resistivity tomography: A preliminary study, Geophys. J. Int. 107, 95-102.
  • Nogaj-Chachaj, J., 1991, The stone-packed graves of the Funnel Beaker culture in Karmanowice, Site 35, Antiquity 65, 628-639.
  • Nogaj-Chachaj, J., 2004, The role of the man in the transformation of environment on the Nałęczów Plateau in the Holocene. In: J. Libera (ed.) "Through the Prehistory and the early Middle Ages", Maria Skłodowska Curie University Press, Lublin, 63-72 (in Polish).
  • Orlando, L., 2005, Joint interpretation of geophysical data for archaeology: A case study, Subsurf. Sens. Technol. Appl. 6, 2, 235-250, DOI 10.1007/s11220-005-0010-3.
  • Piro, S., D. Goodman and Y. Nishimura, 2003, The study and characterization of Emperor Traiano's Villa (Altopiani di Arcinazzo, Roma) using high resolution integrated geophysical surveys, Archaeol. Prospect. 10, 1-25.
  • Poręba, A., B. Żogała and J. Nogaj-Chachaj, 2003, The application of electromagnetic method in archaeology on the example of Neolithic settlement in Karmanowice (Poland), Proc. of the 9th Meeting Environ. and Engin. Geophys., EAEG, Prague P-038.
  • Radan Software, 2002, Radan for Windows NT, Version 4.0, User's manual, Geophysical Survey Systems, Inc.
  • Rizzo, E., D. Chianese and V. Lapenna, 2005, Magnetic, GPR and geoelectrical measurements for studying the archaeological site of 'Masseria Negro' (Viggiano, Southern Italy), Near Surface Geophysics 3, 13-19.
  • Shaaban, F.F., and F.A. Shaaban, 2001, Use of two-dimensional electric resistivity and ground penetrating radar for archaeological prospecting at the ancient capital of Egypt, J. Afri. Earth Sci. 33, 3-4, 661-671.
  • Ulriksen, P.C., 1994, Application of impulse radar to civil engineering, Lund University of Technology, Geophysical Survey Systems, 8th ed.
  • Uziak, S., and Klimowicz Z., 2002, Elements of the geography of soils and the pedology, Maria Skłodowska Curie University Press, Lublin, 254 (in Polish).
  • Vafidis, A., N. Economou, Y. Ganiatsos, M. Manakou, G. Poulioudis, G. Sourlas, E. Vrontaki, A. Sarris, M. Guy and Th. Kalpaxis, 2005, Integrated geophysical studies at ancient Itanos (Greece), J. Archaeol. Sci. 32, 1023-1036.
  • Vaughan, C.J., 1986, Ground penetrating radar surveys used in archaeological investigation, Geophysics 51, 595-604.
  • Vafidis, A., N. Economou, Y. Ganiatsos, M. Manakou, G. Poulioudis, G. Sourlas, E. Vrontaki, A. Sarris, M. Guy and Th. Kalpaxis, 2005, Integrated geophysical studies at ancient Itanos (Greece), J. Archaeol. Sci. 32, 1023-1036.
  • Vaughan, C.J., 1986, Ground penetrating radar surveys used in archaeological investigation, Geophysics 51, 595-604.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-article-BSL7-0021-0064
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