PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
Tytuł artykułu

On ionospheric phenomena during pre-storm and main phase of a very intense geomagnetic storm

Autorzy
Identyfikatory
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
An investigation to elucidate the mechanisms responsible for the pre-storm and main phase ionospheric phenomena during November 20- 21, 2003, is presented using heliophysical, interplanetary, geomagnetic, and global ionospheric data. The results show that the ionospheric responses in the main phase do not indicate prompt penetration electric fields as the main ionospheric driver. The results also show that the prestorm phenomena do not originate from a local time effect. The simultaneous occurrence of foF2 enhancements at two widely separated longitudinal zones appeared to suggest a role played by the magnetospheric electric field. However, the analysis of hmF2 at the stations could not confirm the notion that these fields are the main drivers of pre-storm phenomena. An investigation of flare effects on the pre-storm phenomena also revealed that solar flares are not the main drivers. The present results appear to suggest that the pre-storm ionospheric phenomena could be a result of some underlying mechanisms that are working together with varying degree of importance.
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Strony
1164--1192
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 56 poz.
Twórcy
Bibliografia
  • Aarons, J., and R.S. Allen (1971), Scintillation boundary during quiet disturbed magnetic conditions, J. Geopys. Res. 76, 1, 170-177.
  • Aarons, J., R.S. Allen, and H.E. Whitney (1972), Observations of scintillations of two satellite beacons near the boundary of the irregularity region, Planet. Space Sci. 20, 7, 965-972.
  • Ahn, B.-H., S.-I. Akasofu, and Y. Kamide (1983), The Joule heat production rate and the particle energy injection rate as a function of the geomagnetic indices AE and AL, J. Geophys. Res. 88, 6275-6287.
  • Akasofu, S.-I. (1970), Diagnostics of the magnetosphere using geomagnetic, auroral and airglow phenomena, Ann. Geophys. 26, 443-457.
  • Basu, S., Su. Basu, K.M. Groves, H.-C. Yeh, S.-Y. Su, F.J. Rich, P.J. Sultan, and M.J. Keskinen (2001), Response of the equatorial ionosphere in the South Atlantic region to the great magnetic storm of July 15, 2000, Geophys. Res. Lett. 28, 18, 3577-3580,
  • Basu, S., Su. Basu, K.M. Groves, E. Mackenzie, M.J. Keskinen, and F.J. Rich (2005), Near-simultaneous plasma structuring in the midlatitude and equatorial ionosphere during magnetic superstorms, Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L12S05.
  • Basu, S., Su. Basu, F.J. Rich, K.M. Groves, E. Mackenzie, C. Coker, Y. Sahai, P.R. Fagundes, and F. Becker-Guedes (2007), Response of the equatorial ionosphere at dusk to penetration electric fields during intense magnetic storms, J. Geophys. Res. 112, A08308.
  • Ben’kova, N.P., K.N. Vasilev, V.N. Ishkov, N.S. Kaminer, E.F. Kozlov, N.M. Samorokin, L.A. Kolesnikova, E.V. Lavrova, E.V. Nepomniashchaia, A.M. Novikov, N.K. Pereyaslova, and V.V. Formichev (1983), Helio- and geophysical phenomena in July 1982, Geomagn. Aeron. 23, 5, 579-582.
  • Blagoveshchensky, D.V., J.W. MacDugall, and A.V. Pyatkova (2006), The ionosphere of Europe and North America before the magnetic storm of October 28, 2003, Geomagn. Aeron. 46, 3, 350-360.
  • Blanc, M., and A.D. Richmond (1980), The ionospheric disturbance dynamo, J. Geophys. Res. 85, A4, 1669-1686.
  • Brodrick, D., S. Tingay, and M. Wieringa (2005), X-ray magnitude of the 4 November 2003 solar flare inferred from the ionospheric attenuation of the galactic radio background, J. Geophys. Res. 110, A09S36.
  • Burešová, D., and J. Laštovička (2007), Pre-storm enhancements of foF2 above Europe, Adv. Space Res. 39, 8, 1298-1303.
  • Burešová, D., and J. Laštovička (2008), Pre-storm electron density enhancements at middle latitudes, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys. 70, 15, 1848-1855.
  • Burton, R.K., R.L. McPherron, and C.T. Russell (1975), An empirical relationship between interplanetary conditions and Dst, J. Geophys. Res. 80, 31, 4204-4214.
  • Chukwuma, V.U. (2007a), On positive and negative ionospheric storms, Acta Geod.Geophys. Hung. 42, 1, 1-21.
  • Chukwuma, V.U. (2007b), On the geomagnetic and ionospheric responses to an intense storm associated with weak IMF Bz and high solar wind dynamic pressure, Acta Geophys. 55, 4, 469-489.
  • Chukwuma, V.U. (2009), On heliophysical and geophysical phenomena during October-November 2003, Acta Geophys. 57, 3, 778-800.
  • Danilov, A.D. (2001), F2 region response to geomagnetic disturbance, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys. 63, 5, 441-449.
  • Davis, C.J., M.N. Wild, M. Lockwood, and Y.K. Tulunay (1997), Ionospheric and geomagnetic responses to changes in IMF Bz: a superposed epoch study, Ann. Geophys. 15, 2, 217-230.
  • Dymond, K.F., S.A. Budzien, A.C. Nicholas, S.E. Thonnard, R.P. McCoy, R.J. Thomas, J.D. Huba, and G. Joyce (2004), Ionospheric response to the solar flare of 14 July 2000, Radio Sci. 39, RS1S25.
  • Farrugia, C.J., V.K. Jordanova, M.F. Thomsen, G. Lu, S.W.H. Cowley, and K.W. Ogilvie ( 2006), A two-ejecta event associated with a two-step geomagnetic storm, J. Geophys. Res. 111, A11104.
  • Fejer, B.G., R.W. Spiro, R.A. Wolf, and J.C. Foster (1990), Latitudinal variation of perturbation electric fields during magnetically disturbed periods − 1986 Sundial observations and model results, Ann. Geophys. 8, 441-454.
  • Forbes, J.M. (1989), Evidence for the equatorward penetration of electric fields, winds, and compositional effects in the Asian/Pacific sector during the September 17-24, 1984 ETS interval, J. Geophys. Res. 94, A12, 16999-17007.
  • Fuller-Rowell, T.J., G.H. Millward, A.D. Richmond, and M.V. Codrescu (2002), Storm-time changes in the upper atmosphere at low latitudes, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys. 64, 12-14, 1383-1391.
  • Gonzalez, W.D., J.A. Joselyn, Y. Kamide, H.W. Kroehl, G. Rostoker, B.T. Tsurutani, and V.M. Vasyliunas (1994), What is a geomagnetic storm?, J. Geophys. Res. 99, A4, 5771-5792.
  • Gonzalez, W.D., A.L. Clúa de Gonzalez, J.H.A. Sobral, A. Dal Lago, and L.E. Vieira (2001), Solar and interplanetary causes of very intense geomagnetic storms, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys. 63, 5, 403-412.
  • Gonzalez, W.D., B.T. Tsurutani, R.P. Lepping, and R. Schwenn (2002), Interplanetary phenomena associated with very intense geomagnetic storms, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys. 64, 2, 173-181.
  • Gopalswamy, N., S. Yashiro, G. Michalek, H. Xie, R.P. Lepping, and R.A. Howard (2005), Solar source of the largest geomagnetic storm of cycle 23, Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L12S09.
  • Hargreaves, J.K. (1995), The solar wind and the magnetosphere. In: The Solar-Terrestrial Environment, Chapter 5, Cambridge University Press, New York, 420 pp.
  • Huang, C-S. (2008), Continuous penetration of the interplanetary electric field to the equatorial ionosphere over eight hours during intense geomagnetic storms, J. Geophys. Res. 113, A11305.
  • Huang, C-S., J.C. Foster, and M.C. Kelley (2005), Long-duration penetration of the interplanetary electric field to the low-latitude ionosphere during the main phase of magnetic storms, J. Geophys. Res. 110, A11309.
  • Huang, C-S., K. Yumoto, S. Abe, and G. Sofko (2008), Low-latitude ionospheric electric and magnetic field disturbances in response to solar wind pressure enhancements, J. Geophys. Res. 113, A08314.
  • Jaggi, R.K., and R.A. Wolf (1973), Self-consistent calculation of the motion of a sheet of ions in the magnetosphere, J. Geophys. Res. 78, 16, 2852-2866.
  • Kamide, Y., N. Yokoyama, W.D. Gonzalez, B.T. Tsurutani, I.A. Daglis, A. Brekke, and S. Masuda (1998), Two-step development of geomagnetc storms, J. Geophys. Res. 103, A4, 6917-6921.
  • Kane, R.P. (2005), Ionospheric foF2 anomalies during some intense geomagnetic storms, Ann. Geophys. 23, 7, 2487-2499.
  • Kelley, M.C. (1989), The Earth’s Ionosphere: Plasma Physics and Electrodynamics, International Geophysics Series 43, 10-22, Academic Press, New York.
  • Kelley, M.C., B.G. Fejer, and C.A. Gonzales (1979), An explanation for anomalous equatorial ionospheric electric fields associated with northward turning of the interplanetary magnetic field, Geophys. Res. Lett. 6, 4, 301-304.
  • Lei, J., W. Wang, A.G. Burns, S.C. Solomon, A.D. Richmond, M. Wiltberger, L.P. Goncharenko, A. Coster, and B.W. Reinisch (2008), Observations and simulations of the ionospheric and thermospheric response to the December 2006 geomagnetic storm: Initial phase, J. Geophys. Res. 113, A01314.
  • Liu, L., W. Wan, M-L. Zhang, B. Zhao, and B. Ning (2008), Prestorm enhancements in NmF2 and total electron content at low latitudes, J. Geophys. Res. 113, A02311.
  • Miah, M.A. (1989), Observation of low energy particle precipitation at low altitude in the equatorial zone, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 51, 6, 541-549.
  • Mikhailov, A.V., and L. Perrone (2009), Prestorm NmF2 enhancements at middle latitudes: delusion or reality?, Ann Geophys. 27, 3, 1321-1330.
  • Mikhailov, A., and K. Schlegel (1998), Physical mechanism of strong negative storm effects in the daytime ionospheric F2 region observed with EISCAT, Ann Geophys. 16, 5, 602-608.
  • Nielsen, E., and F. Honary (2000), Observations of ionospheric flows and particle precipitation following a Sudden Commencement, Ann. Geophys. 18, 8, 908-917.
  • Pi, X., M. Mendillo, W.J., Hughes, M.J. Buonsanto, D.P. Sipler, J. Kelly, Q. Zhou, G. Lu., and T.J. Hughes (2000), Dynamical effects of geomagnetic storms and substorms in the middle-latitude ionosphere: An observational campaign, J. Geophys. Res. 105, A4, 7403-7417.
  • Prolss, G.W. (1995), Ionospheric F-region storms. In: H. Volland (ed.), Handbook of Atmospheric Electrodynamics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 195-248.
  • Sastri, J.H., K. Niranjan, and K.S.V. Subbarao (2002), Response of the equatorial ionosphere in the Indian (midnight) sector to the severe magnetic storm of July 2000, Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 13, 1651.
  • Scherliess, L., and B.G. Fejer (1997), Storm time dependence of equatorial disturbance dynamo zonal electric fields, J. Geophys. Res. 102, A11, 24037- 24046.
  • Spiro, R.W., R.A. Wolf, and B.G. Fejer (1988), Penetration of high-latitude-electricfield effects to low latitudes during SUNDIAL 1984, Ann. Geophys. 6, 39-49.
  • Strickland, D.J., R.E. Daniell, and J.D. Craven (2001), Negative ionospheric storm coincident with DE 1-observed thermospheric disturbance on October 14, 1981, J. Geophys. Res. 106, A10, 21,049-21,062.
  • Sutton, E.K., J.M. Forbes, R.S. Nerem, and T.N. Woods (2006), Neutral density response to the solar flares of October and November 2003, Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L22101.
  • Tsurutani, B.T., W.D. Gonzalez, F. Tang, and Y.T. Lee (1992), Great magnetic storms, Geophys. Res. Lett. 19, 1, 73-76.
  • Tsurutani, B.T., W.D. Gonzalez, A.L.C. Gonzalez, F. Tang, J.K. Arballo, and M. Okada (1995), Interplanetary origin of geomagnetic activity in the declining phase of the solar cycle, J. Geophys. Res. 100, A11, 21,717-21,733.
  • Vieira, L.E.A., W.D. Gonzalez, A.L. Clua de Gonzalez, and A. Dal Lago (2001), A study of magnetic storms development in two or more steps and its association with the polarity of magnetic clouds, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys. 63, 5, 457-461.
  • Wygant, J., D. Rowland, H.J. Singer, M. Temerin, F. Mozer, and M.K. Hudson (1998), Experimental evidence on the role of the large spatial scale electric field in creating the ring current, J. Geophys. Res. 103, A12, 29,527-29,544.
  • Zhao, B., W. Wan, K. Tschu, K. Igarashi, T. Kikuchi, K. Nozaki, S. Watari, G. Li, L.J. Paxton, L. Liu, B. Ning, J.-Y. Liu, S.-Y. Su, and H.P. Bulanon (2008), Ionosphere disturbances observed throughout Southeast Asia of the superstorm of 20-22 November 2003, J. Geophys. Res. 113, A00A04.
  • Zhizhin, M., E. Kihn, R. Redmon, D. Medvedev, and D. Mishin (2008), Space Physics Interactive Data Resource — SPIDR, Earth Sci. Inform. 1, 2, 79-91.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-article-BSL1-0012-0013
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.