Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
Tytuł artykułu

On heliophysical and geophysical phenomena during October-November 2003

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
A study of the geomagnetic storm of November 20-21, 2003, is presented using Solar X-rays data, solar wind parameters and magnetic index, Dst. The results suggest that very large X class flares may not cause very intense geomagnetic storms, as flares of M importance would do. Furthermore, the results suggest that the solar wind structure that was responsible for this storm is of the shock-driver gas configuration in which the sheath is the most geoeffective element. Presently it is shown that an intense storm can be driven by two successive southward Bz structures without a resultant "double dip" at the boundary of these structures within the corresponding interval of the main phase. Furthermore, this study confirms earlier results that show that pressure enhancement does not cause the direct injection of new particles into the ring current region; rather it causes a local adiabatic energization of the particles already within the ring current region.
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 39 poz.
  • Alexander, D. (2007), Laboratory exploration of solar energetic phenomena, Astrophys. Space Sci. 307, 1-3, 197-202.
  • Blagoveshchensky, D.V., J.W. Macdugall, and A.V. Pyatkova (2006), The ionosphere of Europe and North America before the magnetic storm of October 28, 2003, Geomagn. Aeronomy 46, 3, 350-360.
  • Bolduc, L. (2002), GIC observations and studies in the Hydro-Quebec power system, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys. 64, 16, 1793-1802.
  • Benkova, N.P., K.N. Vasilev, V.N. Ishkov, N.S. Kaminer, E.F. Kozlov, N.M. Samorokin, L.A. Kolesnikova, E.V. Lavrova, E.V. Nepomniashchaia, A.M. Novikov, N.K. Pereyaslova, and V.V. Formichev (1983), Helio- and geophysical phenomena in July 1982, Geomagn. Aeronomy 23, 5, 579-582.
  • Boudouridis, A., E. Zesta, L.R. Lyons, P.C. Anderson, and D. Lummerzheim (2004), Magnetospheric reconnection driven by solar wind pressure fronts, Ann. Geophys. 22, 1367-1378.
  • Boudouridis, A., E. Zesta, L.R. Lyons, P.C. Anderson, and D. Lummerzheim (2005), Enhanced solar wind geoeffectiveness after a sudden increase in dynamic pressure during southward IMF orientation, J. Geophys. Res. 110, A05214.
  • Brodrick, D., S. Tingay, and M. Wieringa (2005), X-ray magnitude of the 4 November 2003 solar flare inferred from the ionospheric attenuation of the galactic radio background, J. Geophys. Res. 110, A09S36.
  • Burke, W.J., L.C. Gentile, and C.Y. Huang (2007), Penetration electric fields driving main phase Dst, J. Geophys. Res. 112, A07208.
  • Burlaga, L.F., E. Sittler, F. Mariani, and R. Schwenn (1981), Magnetic loop behind an interplanetary shock: Voyager, Helios and IMP 8 observations, J. Geophys. Res. 86, 6678-6684.
  • Burlaga, L.F., K.W. Behannon, and L.W. Klein (1987), Compound streams, magnetic clouds and major geomagnetic storms, J. Geophys. Res. 92, 5725-5734.
  • Burlaga, L.F., R.M. Skoug, C.W. Smith, D.F. Webb, T.H. Zurbuchen, and Alysha Reinard (2001), Fast ejecta during the ascending phase of solar cycle 23: ACE observations,1998-1999, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 20,957-20,977.
  • Burton, R.K., R.L. McPherron, and C.T. Russel (1975), An empirical relationship between interplanetary conditions and Dst, J. Geophys. Res. 80, 4204-4214.
  • Chukwuma, V.U. (2007), On the geomagnetic and ionospheric responses to an intense storm associated with weak IMF Bz and high solar wind dynamic pressure, Acta Geophys. 55, 4, 469-489.
  • Cliffswallow, W. (1993), Region 5395 of March 1989, NOAA Techn. Memor. ERL SEL-82, NOAA, Boulder, 1-40.
  • Czech, P., S. Chano, H. Huynh, and A. Dutil (1992), The Hydro-Quebec system blackout of March 13, 1989: System response to geomagnetic disturbance. In: Proceedings of Geomagnetically Induced Current Conference, Millbrae, CA, Nov. 8-10, 1989, Rep. TR-10450, 19.1-19.21.
  • Daglis, I.A., R.M. Thorne, W. Baumjohann, and S. Orsini (1999), The terrestrial ring current: Origin, formation, and decay, Rev. Geophys. 37, 4, 407-438.
  • Dikpati, M., and P.A. Gilman (2006), Simulating and predicting solar cycles using a flux-transport dynamo, Astrophys. J. 649, 498-514.
  • Ebihara, Y., M.-C. Fok, S. Sazykin, M.F. Thomsen, M.R. Hairston, D.S. Evans, F.J. Rich, and M. Ejiri (2005), Ring current and the magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling during the superstorm of 20 November 2003, J. Geophys. Res. 110, A09S22.
  • Farrugia, C.J., V.K. Jordanova, M.F. Thomsen, G. Lu, S.W.H. Cowley, and K.W. Ogilvie (2006), A two-ejecta event associated with a two-step geomagnetic storm, J. Geophys. Res. 111, A11104.
  • Gonzalez, W.D., and B.T. Tsurutani (1987), Criteria of interplanetary parameters causing intense magnetic storms (Dst < –100 nT), Planet. Space Sci. 35, 9, 1101-1109.
  • Gonzalez, W.D., J.A. Joselyn, Y. Kamide, H.W. Kroehl, G. Rostoker, B.T. Tsurutani, and V.M. Vasyliunas (1994), What is a geomagnetic storm?, J. Geophys. Res. 99, A4, 5771–5792.
  • Gonzalez, W.D., A.L. Clúa de Gonzalez, J.H.A. Sobral, A. Dal Lago, and L.E. Vieira (2001), Solar and interplanetary causes of very intense geomagnetic storms, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys. 63, 5, 403-412.
  • Gonzalez, W.D., B.T. Tsurutani, R.P. Lepping, and R. Schwenn (2002), Interplanetary phenomena associated with very intense geomagnetic storms, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys. 64, 2, 173-181.
  • Gopalswamy, N., L. Barbieri, E.W. Cliver, G. Lu, S.P. Plunkett, and R.M. Skoug (2005a), Introduction to violent Sun-Earth connection events of October-November 2003, J. Geophys. Res. 110, A09S00.
  • Gopalswamy, N., S. Yashiro, Y. Liu, G. Michalek, A. Vourlidas, M.L. Kaiser, and R.A. Howard (2005b), Coronal mass ejections and other extreme characteristics of the 2003 October-November solar eruptions, J. Geophys. Res. 110, A09S15.
  • Gopalswamy, N., S. Yashiro, G. Michalek, H. Xie, R.P. Lepping, and R.A. Howard (2005c), Solar source of the largest geomagnetic storm of cycle 23, Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L12S09.
  • Kamide, Y., N. Yokoyama, W.D. Gonzalez, B.T. Tsurutani, A. Brekke, and S. Masuda (1998), Two-step development of geomagnetc storms, J. Geophys. Res. 103, 6917-6921.
  • Kappenman, J.G., and V.D. Albertson (1990), Bracing for the geomagnetic storms, IEEE Spectrum 27, 3, 27-33.
  • Kozyra, J.U., M.W. Liemohn, C.R. Clauer, A.J. Ridley, M.F. Thomsen, J.E. Borovsky, J.L. Roeder, V.K. Jordanova, and W.D. Gonzalez (2002), Multistep Dst development and ring current composition changes during the 4-6 June 1991 magnetic storm, J. Geophys. Res. 107, A8, 1224.
  • Lee, D.-Y., and L.R. Lyons (2004), Geosynchronous magnetic field response to solar wind dynamic pressure pulse, J. Geophys. Res. 109, A04201.
  • Nielsen, E., and F. Honary (2000), Observations of ionospheric flows and particie precipitation following a sudden commencement, Ann. Geophys. 18, 908-917.
  • Richardson, I.G., and H.V. Cane (1995), Regions of abnormally low proton temperature in the solar wind (1965-1991) and their association with ejecta, J. Geophys. Res. 100, A12, 23,397-23,412.
  • Shi, Y., E. Zesta, L.R. Lyons, A. Boudouridis, K. Yumoto, and K. Kitamura (2005), Effect of solar wind pressure enhancements on storm time ring current asymmetry, J. Geophys. Res. 110, A10205.
  • Strickland, D.J., R.E. Daniell, and J.D. Craven (2001), Negative ionospheric storm coincident with DE 1-observed thermospheric disturbance on October 14, 1981, J. Geophys. Res. 106, A10, 21,049-21,062.
  • Taktakishvili, A., M.M. Kuznetsova, M. Hesse, M.-C. Fok, L. Rastätter, M. Maddox, A. Chulaki, T.I. Gombosi, and D.L. de Zeeuw (2007), Buildup of the ring current during periodic loading-unloading cycles in the magnetotail driver by steady southward interplanetary magnetic field, J. Geophys. Res. 112, A09203.
  • Thomsen, M.F., H. Korth, and R.C. Elphic (2002), Upper cutoff energy of the elektron plasma sheet as a measure of magnetospheric convection strength, J. Geophys. Res. 107, A10, 1331.
  • Tsurutani, B.T., W.D. Gonzalez, A.L.C. Gonzalez, F. Tang, J.K. Arballo, and M. Okada (1995), Interplanetary origin of geomagnetic activity in the declining phase of the solar cycle, J. Geophys. Res. 100, A11, 21717-21733.
  • Wang, Y.M., P.Z. Ye, and S. Wang (2003), Multiple magnetic clouds: Several examples during March-April 2001, J. Geophys. Res. 108, A10, 1370.
  • Woods, N.T. (2007), Anticipating the next decade of Sun-Earth system variations, EOS Trans. AGU 88, 44, 1-2.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.