Theoretical analysis of the hydrodynamic characteristics of electrorheological fluid in a parallel duct flow
Theoretical analysis was conducted of the hydrodynamic characteristics of the two-dimensional flow of electrorheological fluid between parallel plates by using the mechanical dynamic model proposed herein. The model includes the Voigt model and a slider. It can present four types of relations between shear stress and shear rate. The theoretical results were compared with the experimental data. The theoretical analysis explains the experimental results qualitatively. The qualitative tendency is the same for the four types of relations between shear rate and shear stress. Based on the theoretical results, velocity distribution of flow in four types of relations is not influenced by shear stress and shear rate. This finding differs from that for rotational flow around a rotating disk. The pressure difference depends on apparent viscosity. The local Reynolds number depends on the local velocity at a low given flow velocity and on the local kinematic viscosity at a high given flow velocity.
Bibliogr. 20 poz., wykr.