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Characteristics of air pollutants emitted from biomass combustion in small retort boiler

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Biomass could be a particularly interesting fuel for heat production in the rural areas of Poland using various agricultural residues such as forest wood, wood waste, and straw of different crops. The qualitative and quantitative analyses of air pollutants emitted from a small retort boiler (15 kW) fuelled by three kinds of pellets composed of wood, wheat and rape straws were performed. The wooden pellet combustion generates the smallest concentration of CO; however, the concentration of highly toxic formaldehyde and benzene are the highest of all fuels. When considering CO and VOCs concentration in flue gas, the most advantageous fuel of those tested are wheat straw pellets.
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bibliogr. 13 poz.
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