Logistyka twarda HL jako element przewagi konkurencyjnej w sferze dystrybucji
Hard logistics (HL) as element of competitive predominance in the distribution domain
Growing out of engineering, globalisation of supply chains and informatics, logistics, understood as physical distribution management, has significantly improved software of interface and interaction within the whole organization including external companies. Logistics must work effectively. Though growing out of engineering, interactions between the organisational part of logistics SoftLogistics SL and the technologic one - HardLogistics HL, have been neglected. The proper interactions means harmonised software and hardware logistics. A precise tuning, with an emphasis on HL, is important for the whole supply chain success, and it is even essential for the distribution network. Distribution service has become a critical issue. Distributors are making things happen more accurately and in respect with customers demands for service. As vendors, they are usually given short time order, precisely defined delivery time and even demands on handling delivered goods onto specific location. Truck loaders are commonly used in logistic distribution of palletised goods. A loader installed on truck enables the driver himself to handle the loads from or to locations inaccessible for other means, as forklifts. On the other hand, loaders - the foldable knuckle boom cranes set-up for trucks, have disadvantages, as for example significant reduction of the truck pay-load (up to 50%), load deck area by 20%, or extra operational costs. This materials handling equipment is usually chosen taking into consideration only its main technical data, the loader manufacturer and the price and neglecting most of basic technical and operational factors. Such a way of selection does not guarantee the best-to-job selected loader. A procedure of setting up the loader should be based on technical data, against a background of business environment. A method presented enables a truck fleet manager to select the most effective truck loader in respect with alternative market forecast. The approach takes into consideration influence of loader weight, operational costs, insurance, service expenses, residual value etc., in amount of 64 factors. The procedure bases on defined truck and truck loader. The primary task yet is to select properly a loader manufacturer and a model of loader. It is essential to elaborate proper metrics which should base on main loader characteristic as fit-to-weight ratio, broadest range available, way of control, boom configuration against specific customer requirements. A proper selection making is then to be done in cooperation with SL specialists and HL experts, [t is obvious the team members should understand each other and that their expertise should have to to overlap both logistic organisation tasks and technology possibilities available. Effective solution of materials handling problem is also related to other parts of logistic systems. It can boost Hardware Logistics and is probably the key to keep logistics growing.
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