Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
Tytuł artykułu

On facial frontal vertical axes projections and area facial asymmetry measure

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
In modern biometric applications as well as in applications from the range of advanced artificial intelligence and psychology, quantitative "measuring" of information with the traits of facial asymmetry and its proper interpretation was initiated; the aims may be authentication/identification of a user and/or defining cognitive-mental personnel types in terms of psychological-social context. In the work, the result of novel supposition and experiment in direction of algorithmization of indispensable procedures of the above mentioned approach provides: 1) finding the "truthful" vertical facial axis projection on the base of it's frontal image, 2) creation and experimental verification of new (linear and area) integral measures of geometrical asymmetry of comparable faces. A forming procedure of elaborated technique is so-called the MwW-normalization of a frontal facial image in absolute length/area units called Muld/Muld². Muld[pixel] equals 10 ± 0.56 mm (that is external diameter of eye iris of any person, which has reached 4 years old). Muld² [pixel] equals the proper area of eye iris on a person's image. The work contains also interesting knowledge concerning the context of elaborated technique.
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 25 poz., rys., tab.
  • Czestochowa University of Technology, Institute of Computer and Information Sciences, ul. Dąbrowskiego 73, 42-200 Częstochowa, Poland,
  • [1] Ratner P., 3-D Human Modeling and Animation, 2nd ed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2003.
  • [2] Kompanets L., Giving Birth to Biometrics of Asymmetrical Face. In: Kompanets Leonid (issue ed.), Computing, Multimedia and Intelligent Techniques, Special Issue on Live Biometrics and Security, Czestochowa University of Technology, Poland, June 2005, 1, 19-36.
  • [3] Kompanets L., Kubanek M., Rydzek Sz., Czestochowa's Pricise Model of Face Based on the Facial Asymmetry, Ophthalmogeometry, and Brain Asymmetry Phenomena: the Idea and Algorithm Sketch. Pejas Jerzy, Piegat Andrzej (Eds.), Advanced Methods in Computer Security, Biometric and Artificial Intelligent Systems, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Springer Science+Business Media, Inc., New York, USA, 2005, 239-251.
  • [4] Anuashvili A., Fundamentals of Psychology. Scientific, Philosophic and Spiritual Fundamentals of Psychology, The Institute of Control Problem Press, Moscow, 2001 (In Russian).
  • [5] Muldashev E., Whom Did We Descend From? OLMA Publishing House, Moscow 2002 (In Russian).
  • [6] Valchuk T., Personnel Typologies, Delta, Kiev 2005.
  • [7] Kompanets L., Biometrics of Asymmetrical Face. Proc. Ist Intern. Conf. on Biometric Authentication - ICBA 2004. Hong Kong, China, July 2004. In.: Zhang D., Jain A.K. (Eds.), LNCS on Biometric Authentication, 2004, 3072, 67-73.
  • [8] Reinhold R., INTJ: Personality Development and MBTI theory. The Faces of Personality Type Development (revised 2/14/06). Available at: http://www.personalitypathways. com/faces. html
  • [9] Kiersey Temperament Web. Available at: http://www.keirsey.coni/
  • [10] Valchuk T, Wyrzykowski R., Kompanets L., Mental Characteristics of Person as Basic Biometrics. Intern. European Conf. on Computer Vision (ECCV 2002) Workshop, Copenhagen, Denmark, June 2002. In: Tistarelli M., Bigun J., Jain A.K. (Eds.), LNCS on Biometric Authentication, 2002, 2359, 78-90.
  • [11] Kompanets L., Valchuk T., Identification/Authentication of Person Cognitive Characteristic, The IEEE AutoIDS02 Proc. 3rd Workshop on Automatic Identification Advanced Technologies, 14-15 March 2002, Tarrytown, New York, USA, 2002, 12-16.
  • [12] Rioukhina E., Whose Startling Eyes Are on the Nepalese Temples UNSPECIAL No 627, March 2004. Available at: http://www. 7/UNS62 7_T19. Html
  • [13] Human Photo References for 3D Artists and Game Developers, Available at: http://www.3d. sk,,
  • [14] Human Anatomy Pictures, Available at:
  • [15] Carter R., Mapping the Mind. California, 1998.
  • [16] Gutta S., Wechsler G., Face Recognition Using Asymmetric Faces. In: [7], 162-168.
  • [17] Lalayants I., Mysteries of Genetics. People and Clones. Moscow, "Vetche" Publishing House, 2005 (In Russian).
  • [18] Human Genome Project Information, Available at: http://www.ornl. gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/home.html
  • [19] The AR Face Database, Available at:
  • [20] Liu Y., Weaver R.I., et al: Facial Asymmetry: A New Biometric, CMU, 2001 Available at:
  • [21] Kompanets L., Sketch of Autopoietic Essence of Computing and Knowledge Working. Proc. 8th Intern. Conf. on Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing - U ICAISC 2006. Zakopane, Poland, June 2006. In: Rutkowski L., Siekmann J., Tadeusiewicz R., Zadeh L.A. (Eds.). LNAI, 2006, 4029, 1130-1139.
  • [22] Drucker P. P., Management Challenges for the 21st Century. Butterworth-Heinemann, London, 1999.
  • [23] Bernal B., The Origin of Life. Under redaction and with preface an academician A.I. Oparin. "Mir" Publishing House, Moscow, 1968 (In Russian).
  • [24] van Gullick R., Philosophical Questions. In: Shapiro, Stuart C. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence. Sec. Ed., vol. 2, John Willey & Sons, Inc., 1137-1147.
  • [25] Stroustrup B., The Design and Evolution of C++. Addison Wesley Longman, Inc.,1994.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.