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http://yadda.icm.edu.pl:80/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-article-BOS5-0021-0019

Czasopismo

Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering

Tytuł artykułu

Advanced materials and protective coatings in aero-engines application

Autorzy Hetmańczyk, M.  Swadźba, L.  Mendala, B. 
Treść / Zawartość http://www.journalamme.org
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
Abstrakty
EN Purpose: The following article demonstrates the characteristics of the materials applied as parts of aircraft engine turbines and the stationary gas turbines. The principal technologies for manufacturing the heat resistant coatings and the erosion and corrosion resistant coatings were characterized. Sample applications for the aforementioned coatings are presented: on turbine blades, compressor blades and on parts of combustion chambers of aircraft engines. Design/methodology/approach: The nickel-based alloys were characterized. The following methods of depositing diffusion aluminide coatings were described: pack cementation, out of pack and CVD (chemical vapour deposition). The properties of thermal barrier coatings obtained by thermal spraying and physical vapour deposition (PVD) were presented. Findings: : The structures of aluminide and platinum modified aluminide coatings, which displayed higher heat resistance during the cyclic oxidation test, were presented. The structure of TBC coatings was described as well. During aircraft engine tests, the compressor blades with multilayer type Cr/CrN coatings exhibited higher wear resistance than the coatings covered with Ti/TiN. Research limitations/implications: The aluminide coatings were deposited on nickel-based superalloys, which are typically used to manufacture turbine blades for aircraft engines. The multilayer nitride coatings were produced by Arc-PVD method. Practical implications: All the described technologies and coatings find applications on parts of aircraft engines. Originality/value: The presented advanced technologies of manufacturing protective coatings on the parts of aircraft engines were developed by the authors of the following study as parts of their planned scientific research, research projects, and purpose projects.
Słowa kluczowe
PL powłoki cienkie   powłoki grube   powłoki aluminidkowe   powłokowe bariery cieplne   powłoka barierowa   powłoki TBC   TBC   powłoki wielowarstwowe  
EN thin coatings   thick coatings   aluminide coatings   thermal barrier coating   TBC   multilayer coatings  
Wydawca International OCSCO World Press
Czasopismo Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering
Rocznik 2007
Tom Vol. 24, nr 1
Strony 372--381
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 22 poz., fot., rys., tab.
Twórcy
autor Hetmańczyk, M.
autor Swadźba, L.
autor Mendala, B.
  • Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, Silesian University of Technology, ul. Krasińskiego 8, 40-019 Katowice, Poland, boguslaw.mendala@polsl.pl
Bibliografia
[1] J.T. DeMasi-Marcin, D.K. Gupta, Protective coatings in the gas turbine engine, Surface and Coatings Technology, 68-69 (1994) 1-9.
[2] A.K. Koul et all, Advanced in High Temperature Structural Materials and Protective Coatings, National Research Council of Canada, 1994.
[3] M. McLean, Directionally Solidified Materials for High Temperature Service, The Metals Society, London, England, 1983,6.
[4] V.P. Swaminathan, N.S. Cheruwu, Advanced Materials and Coatings for Combustion Turbines, Proc. of ASM 1993 Materials Congress, Materials Week'93, Pittsburgh (1993) 17-21.
[5] W.J. Molloy, Investment Cast Superalloys, Advanced Materials and Process 138 (1990) 23-30.
[6] C.T. Sims, Superalloys: “Genesis and Characters”, in “Superalloys II” Ed. by Sims, Stoloff and Hagel, Published by John Willey and Sons, 1987.
[7] R.F. Singer, Advanced Materials and Processes for Land Based Gas Turbines, Materials for Advanced Power Engineering, 1994, Part. II, Proceedings of a Conference, Edited by D. Coutsouradis, Liege, Belgium (1994) 1720.
[8] L. Swadźba, B. Mendala, M. Hetmańczyk, L. Turowska, M. Śnieżek, J. Kopeć, An influence of Chemical composition of Ni-base Superalloys on structure and Oxidation Resistance of Diffusion Aluminide Coatings, Forum of Technology, International Conferences, Turbine Forum 2006, Advanced Coatings for High temperature, 26-28 April 2006, Nice France, Conference materials.
[9] L. Swadźba, G. Moskal, B. Mendala, T. Gancarczyk, Characterization of air plasma sprayed TBC coating during isothermal oxidation at 1100°C, Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering 21 (2007) 81-84.
[10] G. Moskal, The porosity assessment of thermal barrier coatings obtained by APS method, Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering 20 (2007) 483-486.
[11] D.D. Hass; A. J. Slifka; H.N.G. Wadley, Low thermal conductivity vapour deposited zirconia microstructures, Acta Materiala 49 (2001) 973-983.
[12] J. Senf, H. Obst, E. Reinhold, EB-PVD technology and equipment for TBCs, Turbine Forum, Advanced Coatings for High Temperatures, Nice Port St. Laurant, Conference materials, (CD-ROM).
[13] L. Swadźba et. al., Erosion and corrosion resistant coatings for aircraft compressor blades, Surface and Coatings Technology 62 (1993) 486-492.
[14] P. Lowden, D. Nagy, S. Holliday, Development of erosion resistant coatings for compression airfoils, Canadian Aeronautics and Space Journal 36 (1990) 80-86.
[15] B. Mendala., L. Swadźba, Investigations of corrosion and erosion resistant coatings deposited by PVD method, Conference materials, XXII Seminar of Young Physical Metallurgist, Krynica-Czarny Potok 12-14 (1994) 107-110 (in Polish).
[16] R. Aharonov, B. Coll, R. Fontana, Properties of chromium nitride coatings deposited by cathodic arc evaporation, Surface and Coatings Technology 61 (1993) 223-226.
[17] M. Hetmańczyk, L. Swadźba, B. Mendala, Structure and corrosion and erosion resistance of CrN and TiN coatings obtained by Arc-PVD method, Conference materials, III Nationwide Science Conference, Surface Treatment, Częstochowa-Kule 9 (1996) 240-247 (in Polish).
[18] L. Swadźba, B. Mendala, “Structure and properties of Cr/CrN and Ti/TiN multilayer coatings on martensitic stainless steel.”, 5th European Conference on Advanced Materials Processes and Applications, EUROMAT '97, Maastricht, Netherland 1997, 21-23.
[19] O. Knotek, F. Loffler and H. J. Scholl, Properties of Arc-evaporated CrN and (Cr,Al)N coatings, Surface and Coatings Technology 45 (1991) 53-58.
[20] B. Mendala, Structural and technological basis of deposition of corrosion and erosion resistant coatings by Arc-PVD method, Doctor's thesis, Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Department of Materials Science, Metallurgy and Transportation, Katowice 1997 (in Polish).
[21] M. Polok-Rubiniec, L. A. Dobrzański, M. Adamiak, Comparison of the adhesion and wear resistance of the PVD coatings, Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering 20 (2007) 279-282.
[22] L. A. Dobrzański, K. Lukaszkowicz, A. Zarychta, Mechanical properties of monolayer coatings deposited by PVD techniques, Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering 20 (2007) 423-426.
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