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Development of refining industry and reduction of greenhouse gas emission

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Wybrane pełne teksty z tego czasopisma
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Warianty tytułu
PL
Rozwój przemysły rafineryjnego a redukcja emisji gazów cieplarnianych
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
In the article the most important legal acts concerning reduction of greenhouse gas emission, among others regulations in range of system of trading with GHG emission permission in the Community, were briefly discussed. Subsequently, the main refinery greenhouse gas emission sources in the refineries were presented, i.e. burning fuels used both in process installations and in steam and electric energy generation of catalyst regeneration. The article also discusses the capability of reducing the refinery GHG emission in comparison to simultaneous, anticipated increase of emission, mainly due to tightening up qualitative requirements for produced fuels.
PL
W artykule omówiono ważniejsze akty prawne dotyczące ograniczania emisji gazów cieplarnianych, w tym regulacje w zakresie wspólnotowego systemu handlu uprawnieniami do emisji - EU ETS. W dalszej kolejności przedstawiono główne źródła emisji gazów cieplarnianych w rafinerii, tj. spalanie paliw stosowanych na instalacjach procesowych, jak również do wytwarzania pary grzewczej, energii elektrycznej, czy też do regeneracji katalizatorów. W artykule omówiono możliwości ograniczania emisji gazów cieplarnianych w rafineriach, w porównaniu z prognozowanym, jednoczesnym wzrostem emisji GHG, głównie na skutek zaostrzenia wymagań jakościowych dla produkowanych paliw.
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Strony
474--482
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 21 poz.,Rys., tab.,
Twórcy
autor
autor
  • Instytut Nafty i Gazu, Kraków
Bibliografia
  • [1] CONCAWE report no 8/08, by the Concawe Refinery Technology Support Group - RTSG (M. Dastillung and others). Impact of product quality and demand evolution on EU Refineries At the 2020 Horizon. CO2 emission trend and mitigation options. Brussels, December 2008 http://www.concawe.be/DocShareNoFrame/docs/1/ILEHKNGDGECCEJAAIOGAPMBGVEVCBW9W9YBD73BDE1W3/CEnet/docs/DLS/Rpt_08-8-2009-00651-01-E.pdf
  • [2] CONCAWE report no. 3/09 by the Concawe Refinery Technology Support Group - RTSG (M. Dastillung and others). Impact of marine fuels quality legislation on EU refineries at 2020 Horizon. Brussels, February 2009 http://www.concawe.org/DocShareNoFrame/docs/1/LJLLHJLCDJBHHMLJABALOICFVEVCBG969YBD73BY7DE3/CEnet/docs/DLS/Rpt_09-3-2009-01906-01-E.pdf
  • [3] Decision of the European Parliament and Council 2009/406/EC dated 23 April, 2009 concerning efforts taken by the member states undertaken to diminish greenhouse gas emission in order to execute obligations of the Community concerning reduction of GHG emission by 2020. Journal of Law EU, 5 June 2009.
  • [4] Directive 2003/87/EC of European Parliament and Council dated 13 October, 2003 establishing the system of trading with greenhouse gas emission permission in the Community and changing the directive of the Council 96/61/EC. Journal of Law UE L 275/32 dated 25.10.2003.
  • [5] Kyoto Protocol signed during III Conference of Convention Parties in 1997 - Kyoto Protocol for the framework Convention of the United Nations on Climate Changes. Journal of Laws 2005, No 203, item 1684.
  • [6] Larivé Jean-Francois: CONCAWE, Belgium. Emission control EUROPE. Hydrocarbon Engineering, vol. 13, no. 11 - November 2008, p. 17.
  • [7] Mihułka M. and others: Process characteristics of crude oil and gas refining at the EU. Ministry of Environment, Warsaw, September 2003. http://209.85.129.132/search?q=cache:ywVKaVgqhtMJ:ippc.mos.gov.pl/ippc/custom/RAFINERIE.pdf+9.+Mariusz+Mihu%C5%82ka+i+inni.+Charakterystyka+technologiczna+rafinerii+ropy+i+gazu+w+Unii+Europejskiej.+Ministerstwo+%C5%9Arodowiska,+Warszawa,+wrzesie%C5%84+2003+r.&cd=1&hl=pl&ct=clnk&gl=pl&lr=lang_pl&client=firefox-a
  • [8] Portal Wikipedia. IGCC Process Description, http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/IGCC
  • [9] Portal wnp.pl http://chemia.wnp.pl/polska-wygrala-z-ke-w-sprawie-emisji-co2,89
  • [10] Process of capturing and geological storage of carbon dioxide (ccs) as the means to mitigate climate changes. Summary. Warsaw, December 2009 http://www.Lewiatan_raportsCCS_streszczenie.doc
  • [11] Reinaud J.: The European refining industry under the EU emissions trading scheme. IEA Information Paper, November, 2005 http://www.iea.org/papers/2005/IEA_Refinery_Study.pdf
  • [12] Report for 2005 for the European Commission resulting from art. 4(1) of Directive 2003/30/EC http://www.ebbeu.org/legis/Poland%203rd%20Dir%202003%2030_PO.pdf
  • [13] Sustainable energy systems. Biofuels in the European Union. A vision for 2030 and beyond. Final Report of the Biofuels Research Advisory Council - EUR 22066, http://ec.europa.eu/research/energy/pdf/biofuels_vision_2030_en.pdf
  • [14] The Act dated 22 December, 2004 on trading with permission for emission to the air of greenhouse gases and other substances. Journal of Law 281/04, item 2784.
  • [15] The Act dated 25 August 2006 concerning liquid biocomponents and biofuels. Journal of Laws 169/06, item 1199, revised.
  • [16] The announcement of Ministry dated 8 December, 2009 concerning the announcement of the report for the European Commission concerning supporting the application of biofuels or other renewable fuels in transport, for 2008. Polish Monitor dated 24 December 2009.
  • [17] The Council of Ministers’ Order dated 1 July, 2008 concerning acceptance of the National Distribution Plan of permissions for carbon dioxide emission for years 2008-2012 for the Community system of trading with emission permissions. Journal of Law 2002/08, item 1248.
  • [18] The Directive 2003/30/EC of the European Parliament and Council dated 8 May, 2003 concerning supporting of application of biofuels or other renewable fuels in transport. The Journal of Law of European Union L123/42, 17.05.2003.
  • [19] The Directive 2009/30/EC of the European Parliament and Council dated 23 April, 2009 changing the Directive 98/70/EC referring to specification of petrol and diesel oils and implementing a mechanism of monitoring and limiting greenhouse gas emission and changing the Directive of Council 1999/32/EC concerning specifications of fuels used by inland sailing ships and repealing the Directive 93/12/EEC. Journal of Laws EU L 140/88 dated 5.06.2007.
  • [20] The Order of Council of Ministers dated 15 June 2007 concerning the National Indicative Program for years 2008-2013 (Journal of Laws 110/07, item 757)
  • [21] United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change took place in 1992 year Rio de Janeiro, New York, 9 May, 1992 - the Government Statement dated 15 September, 1995 concerning ratification by the Republic of Poland of the Framework Convention on Climate Changes made in New York on 9 May, 1992. Journal of Laws 1996 No. 53, item 238.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-article-BGPK-3222-2481
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