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Archives of Thermodynamics

Tytuł artykułu

Determination of heat load released by a radiator by an electronic heating cost allocator

Autorzy Michnikowski, P.  Szczechowiak, E. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
EN The publication presents the problems related to determination of heat demand required to heat rooms in a multi-family building. The measurement of the heat load released by a radiator to a room by an electronic heating cost allocator was adopted as the approximate method of heat consumption specification. In this paper a new concept how to improve the dynamic properties of the electronic allocator is presented. Apart from the metrological errors the publication indicates also the disadvantages of the above described above method, as it can only be applied to buildings constructed in accordance with the old building thermal protection requirements.
Słowa kluczowe
PL czujniki temperatury   koszt ogrzewania   ogrzewanie   zużycie ciapła  
EN Heat consumed for heating   heating cost allocation   temperature sensor  
Wydawca Wydawnictwo Instytutu Maszyn Przepływowych PAN
Komitet Termodynamiki i Spalania PAN
Czasopismo Archives of Thermodynamics
Rocznik 2009
Tom Vol. 30, no. 2
Strony 15--35
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 10 poz.,Rys., tab., wz.,
autor Michnikowski, P.
autor Szczechowiak, E.
[1] ADUNKA F.: Heating cost allocation on radiator with distribution heavily derated flow, HLH, 11/1992 (in German).
[2] MICHNIKOWSKI P.: Electronic heating cost allocators in the conditions of Polish multi-family building industry, Ciepłownictwo, Ogrzewnictwo, Wentylacja, No. 3/2005 (in Polish).
[3] MICHNIKOWSKI P.: The method of indirect room temperature measurement by a two-sensor electronic heating cost allocator, Patent application P- 369857 (in Polish).
[4] NIEGRUSZ A., STAŃDA J.: Analysis of Thermal Energy Processes, Wrocław 1980 (in Polish).
[5] Heat cost allocators for the determination of the consumption of room heating radiators - Appliances with electrical energy supply, Standard PN-EN834, (1999) (in Polish)
[6] Heating systems in buildings - Method for calculation of the design heat load, Standard PN-EN 12831, (2006) (in Polish).
[7] PAKANEN J., KARLALAJNEN S.: Estimating static heat flows in buildings for energy allocation systems, Energy and Buildings, 38 (2006).
[8] SZCZECHOWIAK E.: The analysis and design of energy-efficient buildings, Proc. of the 80th Birthday of Professor Ferdynand Dembicki, Poznań 2007 (in Polish).
[9] TRITSCHLER M.: Assessment of the Accuracy of Cost Allocator, Dissertation Universitaet Stuttgart, 1999 (in German).
[10] WASILEWSKI W.: Location of heat allocators on convection radiators, Ciepłownictwo, Ogrzewnictwo, Wentylacja, No. 10/2004 (in Polish).
Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-article-BGPK-2379-9036